Emotional and financial challenges
It is equally challenging emotionally and financially. There are enormous changes that one makes when embarking on this journey, for example, a change of study styles and learning styles. These advances are now and again stood up in secondary schools or amid their most recent year of secondary school to give pupils a clue of how higher education will be similar to for them when they enter it yet in all actuality some can be genuine, yet many are definitely not. This essay will focus on the factors that predict a successful university life among their undergraduate career. It will look at: social support, time management and identity. Having looked at the challenges that first years face this paper will also show the solutions to each challenge. Additionally, it will elaborate on the factors that universities should aim to target in order to make adjusting easier.
Importance of social support
Cronkite and Moss (1995) argue that social support is one of the factors that predict a successful adjustment to university, this refers to the resources that individual perceive as socially available to them which help them to form relationship with others. All of these resources can be used as guidance and feedback as lack of them could lead to anxiety and depression. Firstly, Friedlander, Reid and Cribbie (2007) introduce different types of social support. The first one being Non-directive support, the type of emotional support one has in others that makes that person trust in them. Secondly, they introduce positive social interactions, the act of spending time with family and friend (Friedlander et.al, 2007). Thereafter, he speaks about tangible assistance that is, having shelter and financial stability. It has been proven that students who have a strong emotional bond with their parents and all these types of social support mentioned above are more likely to do well in university than those who do not (Friedlander et.al, 2007). Observational proof recommends that mindful checking and social support from guardians will in general lower the danger of problematic and reprobate conduct among students, diminishing the likelihood of experiencing depression and expanding change in accordance with school performance. Likewise, experimental examinations have suggested that the curiosity parents show for their youngsters’ school action, and guardians’ instructive style assume a critical job in the school achievement of students (Papalia and Wendkos-Olds, 1992; Spera, 2005). However, one could get all the social support One could get all the social help that they need and have the capacity to alter yet all that would be futile if the student does not practise time management and time allocation.
Misra and McKean (2000) describe that time management as the ability know what you must do when you must do it, being able to manage time can reduce chances of being academically stressed(Gibney, Moore, Murphey & O’Sullivan, 2011). Academic stress is one of the most common factors that first years face during their undergraduate career which causes exclusion (Misra & McKean , 2000). Students could use time wisely if they can learn to balance and make a list of priorities.
Frequently individuals will in general experience difficulty overseeing time since they attempt to oversee an excessive number of assignments at once and furthermore there are numerous individuals who simply dissipate their time doing nothing in view of their unadulterated exhaustion. Off recently time is getting to be a standout amongst the most important assets which is squandered by numerous individuals since they don’t have the foggiest idea how to oversee time. Numerous individuals in life do things which have no an incentive to time. To demonstrate this, walking on a residence on a weekday night, students can be seen lounging around and playing computer games when they have a paper or a task due the following day, and furthermore representatives can be seen lounging around the workplace playing solitaire while the hours are intended to be utilized to complete gainful work moments.
Family and culture
Moreover, the aforementioned are a process and need to be practised, however, identity is important. Identity can be described as the element of choice in which one chooses who they want to be (Woodward,2004). An individual’s character is moulded by a wide range of perspectives. Family, culture, companions, individual interests and encompassing conditions are generally factors that will in general help shape an individual’s personality. A few components may have a greater amount of an impact than others and some might not have any impact whatsoever. As an individual experiences’ childhood in a family, they are impacted by numerous parts of their life. Family and culture may impact an individual’s feeling of commitments, morals and ethics, tastes in music, amusingness and sports, and numerous different parts of life. Regardless of the obstacles one might come across in their transition from secondary school to university, it is imperative that they stay motivated and find their purpose. They should not be intimidated by the way others dress or talks. When students feel pressured and decriminated against, that might tamper their self-esteem and mental health (Young & Campbell, 2014). Young and Campbell (2014) argue that these issues may disrupt them but if students are strong enough not to give up, they might just survive university.
Substantial and non-directive support
Universities should concentrate on social help in making the change simpler and give explicit consideration to substantial and non-directive support. As clarified before substantial help can allude to safe house and finances though non-directive support, having passionate help that can be trusted (Barrera, Sandler, and Ramsay, 1981). University of Cape Town students have had issues concerning being given residence. An exploration directed by Musishi (1997) demonstrated that residences, for example, Liesbeeck Gardens have turned out to be brimming with squatters as they have not been put in any living arrangement. The issue of allotting understudies to particular living arrangements takes up to early March, and that is quite a while. Verifiably this can disturb the scholastics and mental prosperity of the understudies. Returning understudies may almost certainly manage this issue and even make the most of their stay for the term yet for a first year that would not be perfect.
In conclusion, a successful adjustment to university can be attainable through social support, time management and identity. Although these factors are not easily achievable for firs year university students. Universities can put in measures in place to attempt to help students. There are things like high self-esteem that the university cannot provide students with but by providing different societies for inclusiveness one can easily identify where they fit in the most.