The result if European exploration in the early modern time period between 1450 and 1750 negatively impacted the foreign nations that it came in contact with by exhibiting various failed labor systems, countries restricting foreign interaction as well as trade and the rise of the Portuguese in the Atlantic Slave Trade.
One effect of the expansion of Europeans was various unsuccessful labor systems in the Americas, Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa, a Spanish missionary, expressed his opinion about the corrupt Mita system that dictated the labor force at the Potosi mines in Peru, 1622. ” This works out very badly, with great losses and gaps in the quota of Indians, the villages being depopulated; and this gives rise to great extortions and abuses on the part of the inspectors toward the poor Indians.” Espinosa describes the losses from the elected Indian representatives that created gaps in the Spanish’s expectation of tributary labor and silver production guaranteed by the Indians.
The immense diffusion of European culture and technology eventually lead foreign countries to reject Westernization and restrict confrontations between themselves and the West. Although many countries continued to adopt the Spanish’s silver currency and participated in the Atlantic Slave trade, they dismissed the revolutionary philosophies and selectively chose the Europeans advancements in technology. Tokugawa Iemitsu, a Japanese shogun, issued and Closed County Edict to two commissioners of Nagasaki in 1635, it read, “No Japanese is permitted to go abroad,” “If there are any Southern Barbarians who propagate the teachings of padres, or otherwise commit crimes, they may be incarcerated in prison,” Iemitsu further writes a list if rules outlining how the Japanese deal with foreigners and procedures for those who confront them, all resulting in negative enforcement.
The lack of effective labor in the Americas motivated the Portuguese to salvage suitable workers in Africa as well as recruiting the Native Americans, consequently leading to the Atlantic Slave Trade. In a Benin saltcellar in the 16th century, an unknown African artist sculpted a earn that portrayed Portuguese men whom wielded both a sword and a captured African. The physical characteristics of the African was very dissimilar in comparison to the Portuguese, as well as the differentiated clothes that each was wearing. Abducting Africans to sell in the Atlantic Slave trade was a common practice in this time, an Ibanian King wrote to a French member of an English slave trading expedition, negotiating to lower his price of his slaves in order to continue increasing profit, “However to moderate matters and encourage trade with us, he would be content with thirteen bars for males and nine bars and two brass rings for females, etc.”
In conclusion, the overall impact of the European exploration resulted in negative consequences, with the expansion of culture and the advancements in technology, came conflicting ideals and isolated civilizations. However, the enlargement of the worlds economy (of which was a direct result of the immense quantity of silver products and slave labor) induced newly developed Western colonies in the Americas to arise revolutionary behaviors. Thus introducing the world into the new era of reformation. If a document that contained a primary account of the isolation that occurred in Japan was acquired, it would further demonstrate the assumption of the negative impact that resulted from the European exploration.
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 2 October 2016
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