Growing up in Africa specifically Ghana, my dream was to become an accountant and open up my own bank until my older brother who was then only 29 years old died of a common medical error in 2006. Dealing with the death of my only brother, I became overwhelmed with a desire to care for others who needed medical attention in Ghana and I felt the need to change my career from accounting to nursing. I remember leaving my job of 9 years as an accountant to follow my new desire to become a nurse and enrolled back in school after two children.
The theory is “a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that present a systematic way of viewing facts/events by specifying relations among the variables, with the purpose of explaining and predicting the fact event” (Zerwekh & Garneau, 2012). The four central concepts in nursing practice are the person, environment, health, and nursing (Craven, Hirnle, & Jensen, 2013). Jean Watson’s theory is about the philosophy and science of caring.
Watson sees each individual as a mind-body-soul connection (Zerwekh & Garneau, 2012). Watson says health is unity and harmony within the mind, body, and soul. I believe the basis of caring is using scientific knowledge in promoting a patient’s health and maximizing the quality of life via a spiritual holistic approach.
Caring for patients with compassion has always been my view of nursing. I believe in caring for every patient using a spiritual holistic approach. Spiritual nursing care tries to offer a holistic approach to delivering health care to patients as well as family members and caregivers of the patient.
My view for the patient is delivering care using a holistic approach which will allow me to connect with patient on a personal level and enable me to understand the values and spiritual needs of my patients. My personal philosophy involves viewing and caring for every patient with respect and promoting health physically, spiritually, and psychologically and with dignity as I would want to be treated if I was in their situation. My personal nursing will also include building a trusting relationship with patients because trust will help me see things from a patient’s point of view and enable me to acknowledge and recognize patient’s values and spiritual needs. My aim is for my patients to believe in me as I would believe in them and offer treatment based on their spiritual and cultural needs. My personal philosophy of environment goes much further than the hospital or clinic I work which includes patient’s homes and their surroundings.
The surroundings of patients include the community they live in, culture, church, friends, and nursing care because all these factors can impact the well-being of patients. The patient is more likely to participate in the nursing care if their environment is clean and peaceful and trusted familiar client surroundings can help attain positive outcomes. Environment plays an important role in the healing process of every patient. I also believe that it is my responsibility as a nurse to help in addressing the healthcare needs of the patient’s environment and society as a whole. I will take pride in being a resource to my patient and my environment and play the role in promoting health including teaching against smoking, eating healthy, exercising, and primary prevention of health care. My personal view on health includes the patient’s state of well-being and optimal functioning and freedom from diseases (Craven, Hirnle, & Jensen, 2013). My personal view about health emphasizes the whole nature of a patient’s life spiritually, physically, mentally, and socially. My view of nursing focuses on doing what will benefit my patient using the knowledge attained through my education at Langston University and my own personal life experiences to care for the sick. Taking care of patients includes nursing interventions that deliver safe care and a patient’s environment.
My personal philosophy of nursing incorporates the body, mind, and spirit within the delivery of holistic care. I believe in prayer and the power of God’s healing and that God still performs miracles every day. I believe that meeting the spiritual need of clients should be the most important part of taking care of patients. My view of nursing focuses on spiritual holistic patient care using scientific knowledge and building trusting relationships between patients and their caregivers and other health care providers involved in patient’s care through good communication in clinical and home environment. My personal philosophy of nursing also focuses on patient-centered nursing which will enhance patient’s well-being and promote good health. I believe in encouraging patients and caregivers in expressing themselves in regards to their care to help health care providers understand their beliefs and values. Good communication between patients and nurses will help nurses attain assessment to plan care for patients that will save lives. I believe taking care of patients in a structured familiar environment is essential in the healing process. I strongly believe in developing trusting relationships between nurses and patients in order to enhance a patient’s wellness. After graduating in May 2015, I will be sure to follow my personal philosophy throughout my nursing career and continue to believe in spiritual holistic as being the basis of nursing care.
Jean Watson’s theory of human caring focuses on the “art of caring” based on ten curative factors including the formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, the installation of faith-hope, cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others, helping trust relationship, expression of positive and negative feelings, problem-solving methods for decision making, interpersonal teaching-learning, supportive and protective environments and gratification of human needs (Zerwekh & Garneau, 2012, P. 168-169). Watson’s theory offers
concepts of caring that enhances comfort and promote patient’s quality of life as well as their family members and caregivers. Jean Watson’s theory also views the patient or human being as a whole person with spiritual and physical care needs. Watson’s theory is profoundly rooted in holistic caring for patients by developing mutual trust, respect, and generating caring relationships between health care providers (Iversen & Sessanna, 2012). Watson also believed that nurses must develop a trusting environment by building caring-healing relationships with patients to attain a higher degree of balance within the patient’s body, soul, and mind which will help patients feel worthy of themselves.
Theory in regards to caring for a patient is an idea that assists in finding meaning to the work of nurses. Nursing theory acts as a guide for nursing practice and theories offer the pillar for the art of nursing. Theory can be used as a guide or a theoretical concept in nursing practicing that involves the person, environment, health, and nursing (Craven, Hirnle, & Jensen, 2013). Nurses play an important role in facilitating patient’s healing through holistic care by acknowledging the patients’ health beliefs, spiritual and values that can assist patients, families, nurses, and healthcare providers to attain set goals. The health of patients consists of physical, spiritual, mental and social well-being. Each patient has a unique medical need and must be treated with a distinctive plan of care to obtain positive health outcomes.
Previous studies indicate the need for further studies in numerous areas of Watson’s theory, on the other hand, her theory plays a major role in nursing to attain a higher degree of fulfillment for both patients and health care providers. Holistic patient care was not applicable in some areas of nursing care due to a shortage of nurses to care for each patient in several situations particularly in the outpatient clinics and some inpatient hospitals or clinics. Nurses may not be able to focus on areas including spiritual, cultural values, and beliefs that will promote patients’ well-being due to the patient’s environment or clinical setting and the number of patients assigned to each nurse. I believe Watson’s theory can be productively used in intensive care units and home care settings where nurses have the opportunity to be involved with patients, their family members, or caregivers in regards to mind, soul, and body with no disturbances while providing care for the patient. I recommend performing more research studies in areas of nursing practices and environments that will dignify health care providers in delivering holistic nursing care as Watson’s theory recommended in both outpatients and inpatients care settings.