Lodging property may be defined as an establishment that chares fees for providing furnished sleeping accommodations to persons who are temporarily away from home or who consider these accommodations their temporary or permanent homes. Many of these establishments also provides food, beverages, cleaning services, and a range of other services normally associated with travel commonly sought by travelers. Different Types of Hotel and Lodging Limited-Service Hotels. Typically offer guest rooms only.
There is little or no public space, no meeting or function space, and usually no or very limited food and beverage facilities.
Room rates are correspondingly lowest for this type of lodging property. Tourist or leisure travelers make up the majority of the market mix for this type of property, followed by business travelers and by conference, convention and other travelers. Full-Service Hotels. Offer a wide range of facilities and more amenities. Usually is a comparison to budget/economy properties, more public space and meeting/function space, with at least one food and beverage facility.
Room rates tend to be equal to or slightly above market-area average These properties had, on average, 271 rooms and catered primarily to business travelers, conference and convention travelers and tourists. Luxury Hotels. At the top of the price category are the luxury hotels, which usually have from 150 to 4 rooms. Featuring upscale decor and furnishing that may be unique to the particular hotel; these properties offer a full array of services and amenities.
A concierge service and several food and beverage operations, including a gourmet or fine-dining restaurant, banquet facilities and a full-room service.
Recreational or access for guest to near by facilities is available. A high ratio of employees to guest rooms, and room rates and considerably above the market-area average. Convention Hotels. 500 or more guest rooms. These properties offer extensive meeting and function space, typically including large ballrooms and even exhibition areas.
Food and beverage operations tend to be extensive, with several restaurants and lounges, banquet facilities, and room service. Convention hotels are often in close proximity to convention centers and other convention hotel, providing facilities for city wide conventions and trade shows. Commercial Hotels. In comparison to convention hotels, are smaller, with 100 to 500 guest rooms. There is less public place, smaller meeting and function place, fewer food and beverage outlets, and limited recreational amenities. Many of these hotels tend to be located in downtown areas.
Downtown properties have many advantages. They are near the large office complexes and retail stores; by day, they are near business destinations; by night, they are close to many of a large city’s entertainment centers. Resort hotel. A picturesque setting. Commonly described as a lodging establishment that attract pleasure travelers or vacation seekers and offers recreational activities such as sunning at the beach, skiing, horseback riding, physical fitness training, golfing and playing tennis and other water activities.
Casino Hotels. Offer patrons opportunities to sleep cheap, yet spend big, they offer low room rates and low food cost because profits are made primarily through gaming. Extended Stay. Provide many of the same features and amenities as the all-suite properties, such as a stove and/or microwave in the guest rooms, refrigerators, kitchenware or dishes, grocery shopping service, business services, and limited housekeeping service. As compared to all-suite hotels, however, the extended-stay room rates are often significantly less, with daily, weekly, and monthly rates quoted.
Restaurants may be located nearby; typically there are no on-site food and beverage outlets in extended stay hotels. Backpackers. Is a form of low-cost, independent international travel. It includes the use of a backpack or other luggage that is easily carried for long distances or long periods of time; the use of public transport; inexpensive lodging such as youth hostels; a longer duration to the trip when compared with conventional vacations; and an interest in meeting the locals as well as seeing the sights. Bed & Breakfast.
Typically have five to ten rooms, although some are larger. Breakfast is served and included in the room rate for these properties. There is no on-site restaurant and no license for alcohol service. A country inn or small hotel, however, usually has 10 to 20 guest rooms or more, and often there is a full-service restaurant on-site, possibly with a license for alcohol service.