Religion is the one element of life that has connected the races and societies of the world for hundreds of years. It has given meaning to lives that may seem otherwise hopeless. Out of the 5 religions I have looked at, I think 3 of the religions are the most alike. Christianity, Judaism and Islam are all very closely unified as Abrahamic religions because they share tons of common beliefs and thoughts. My investigation is on some of the similarities and differences of these three religions. All three religions believe in one God and the same God, the God of Abraham. So how do they differ?
The Abrahamic faiths are strictly monotheistic. Even though Christians believe the Holy Triune (God as the Father, the Son and the Hoy Spirit.) they still consider God as one. Despite the many similarities between the Abrahamic faiths, there are some differences. For instance, Judaism denies that Jesus was a prophet while Christians and Islam acknowledge Jesus as a prophet. Also, the three religions all have their own special worship days. The Muslims worship on Fridays, the Jews have their worship on Saturdays and the Christian one is on Sundays.
The Jews, the Muslims and the Christians all worship in different places and have different religious texts. The Jews worship in a place called the synagogue. In some synagogues, men and women have to sit separately. The Jews study the Torah. Torah is part of the Tanakh (Hebrew scriptures), which is compromised, with the five books of Moses. (From the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.) The Muslims on the other hand worship in a building called the mosque. Like the Jews, Muslim men and women are not allowed to worship and pray in the same place. The Muslims’ religious text is called the Qur’an.
The Qur’an is written 600 years after the books of the bible. It entails several dozen pestles, greatly differing in length. They have ostensibly dictated by Muhammad (The man who claimed to be a prophet.). And lastly, the Christians worship in the church. The church is often recognized as God’s body on earth. Unlike the Jews and the Muslims, the Christians come together in a group but they are allowed to worship God on their own in any place. The Christians study the Holy Bible. The Bible is the Tanakh that’s reordered and now called the Old Testament, complemented with the New Testament which consists mainly of the Gospels and a bunch of letters written by the followers of Jesus to other followers of Jesus.
The Abrahamic religions believe that there will be a Day of Judgment where God or a prophet will come down to Earth and judge everyone. Even though the three religions have the same basic view on it there are some differences in what they believe will happen on that day. The Christians believe that on this day, God will judge all people. They believe there will be two judgments, the first one is the entry to heaven based on faith and the second one is the position in heaven based on deeds. Like the Christians, Muslims believe that the present life is only a trail preparation for the next realm of existence; this life is a test of each individual for the life after death.
The Jews on the other hand has a totally different view on this day. They believe that Muhammad will come to judge them instead of God. They also believe that the people will be categorized into 3 groups. The first group will be immediately inscribed for everlasting life they are the thoroughly righteous people; the second group will be doomed in hell, they are the thoroughly wicked people and the third group will go down to Hell and squeal and rise again, these are the people in between bad and good.
In my opinion it is so interesting to see how three different religions can be so similar but also at the same time.
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 21 November 2016
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