The standards for written and oral English language conventions have been placed between those for writing and for listening and speaking because these conventions are essential to both sets of skills. 1. 0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions Students write and speak with a command of standard English conventions appropriate to this grade level. Sentence Structure 1. 1 Use simple and compound sentences in writing and speaking.
1. 2 Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, ad-verbs, and prepositional phrases.
Grammar 1. 3 Identify and use regular and irregular verbs, adverbs, prepositions, and coordinating conjunctions in writing and speaking. Punctuation 1. 4 Use parentheses, commas in direct quotations, and apostrophes in the possessive case of nouns and in contractions. 1. 5 Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to identify titles of documents. Capitalization 1. 6 Capitalize names of magazines, newspapers, works of art, musical compositions, organizations, and the first word in quotations when appropriate. Spelling 1.
7 Spell correctly roots, inflections, suffixes and prefixes, and syllable constructions. Listening and Speaking 1. 0 Listening and Speaking Strategies Students listen critically and respond appropriately to oral communication.
They speak in a manner that guides the listener to understand important ideas by using proper phrasing, pitch, and modulation. Comprehension 1. 1 Ask thoughtful questions and respond to relevant questions with appropriate elaboration in oral settings. 1. 2 Summarize major ideas and supporting evidence presented in spoken messages and formal presentations.
1. 3 Identify how language usages (e. g. , sayings, expressions) reflect regions and cultures. 1. 4 Give precise directions and instructions. Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication 1. 5 Present effective introductions and conclusions that guide and inform the listener’s understanding of important ideas and evidence.
1. 6 Use traditional structures for conveying information (e. g. , cause and effect, similarity and difference, posing and answering a question). 1. 7 Emphasize points in ways that help the listener or viewer to follow important ideas and concepts.
1. 8 Use details, examples, anecdotes, or experiences to explain or clarify information. 1. 9 Use volume, pitch, phrasing, pace, modulation, and gestures appropriately to enhance meaning. Analysis and Evaluation of Oral Media Communication 1. 10 Evaluate the role of the media in focusing attention on events and in forming opinions on issues. 2. 0 Speaking Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics) Students deliver brief recitations and oral presentations about familiar experiences or interests that are organized around a coherent thesis statement.
Student speaking demonstrates a command of standard American English and the organizational and delivery strategies outlined in Listening and Speaking Standard 1. 0. Using the speaking strategies of grade four outlined in Listening and Speaking Standard 1. 0, students: 2. 1 Make narrative presentations: a. Relate ideas, observations, or recollections about an event or experience. b. Provide a context that enables the listener to imagine the circumstances of the event or experience. c. Provide insight into why the selected event or experience is memorable. 2. 2 Make informational presentations: a. Frame a key question.
b. Include facts and details that help listeners to focus. c. Incorporate more than one source of information (e. g. , speakers, books, newspapers, television or radio reports). 2. 3 Deliver oral summaries of articles and books that contain the main ideas of the event or article and the most significant details. 2. 4 Recite brief poems (i. e. , two or three stanzas), soliloquies, or dramatic dialogues, using clear diction, tempo, volume, and phrasing.
Reference California State Board of Education. (2005). Content standards. as retrieved on November 8 2007 from.