1.1 Identify legislation relating to health and safety in a social care setting
Health and Safety at work Act 1974 – An Act to make further provision for securing the health, safety and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to health or safety in connection with the activities of persons at work
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 – any transporting or supporting of a load (including the lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or bodily force.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 – it require employers and others to report accidents and some diseases that arise out of or in connection with work.
Care Standard Act 2000 – provides the administration of a variety of care institutions
Food Safety Act 1990 and Food Hygiene Regulations 2005 – under this act you must not: provide food that is unfit for people to eat cause food to be dangerous to health provide food which is less than the quality a customer has a right to expect.
1.2 Explain how health and safety policies and procedures protect those in social care settings
Social care settings is a broad term referring to any place where an organization works with those who are ill, injured, disabled, economically challenged, marginalized or otherwise disadvantaged. Obviously, in these settings health and safety standards are important to protect those who use them from illness and injury. All of the above mentioned legislations are crucial part of health and safety. Every piece of legislation describes not only clear guidance of responsibilities but also how should we maintain health and safety to eliminate risks for the people using social care settings.
1.3 Compare the differences in the main health and safety responsibilities of:
a) the social care worker:
Follow the training you have received when using any work items your employer has given you Take reasonable care of your own and other people’s health and safety Co-operate with your employer on health and safety
Tell someone (your employer, supervisor, or health and safety representative) if you think the work or inadequate precautions are putting anyone’s health and safety at serious risk
b) the employer or manager:
Decide what could harm you in your job and the precautions to stop it. This is part of risk assessment Consult and work with you and your health and safety representatives in protecting everyone from harm in the workplace Give you the health and safety training you need to do your job provide you with any equipment and protective clothing you need, and ensure it is properly looked after Have insurance that covers you in case you get hurt at work or ill through work
c) others in the social care setting:
to respond to any concerns as soon as possible
to understand health and safety procedures
1.4 Identify situations in which the responsibility for health and safety lies with the individual When service user does not comply with risk assessment and procedures Service users do not take reasonable care for own or others’ safety (for example: faulty electrical or furniture in the way)
1.5 Explain why specific tasks should only be carried out with special training
Trainings are necessary to carry out professional tasks, otherwise with trying to help, you may cause more harm to service users. For example do not hoist anyone if you are not trained.
1.6 Explain how to access additional support and information relating to health and safety
You can always find information in the Hand Book provided by the employer. If you are still not confident, then you can ask your line manager for support.
2.1 Explain why it is important to assess health and safety risks
It is important because you can always be up to date on legislations and to prevent or reduce risks to a minimum. By assess to health and safety risks you can protect yourself, service users and others from danger.
2.2 Explain the steps to carrying out a risk assessment
1. Identifying hazards
2. evaluating risks
3. taking precautions
4. reviewing risks
5. reporting and recording risks
2.3 Explain how to address potential health and safety risks identified
First you identify the risks. Then you can consider what safety measures are required to put in place to minimise the risks. Make sure you communicate the risks and changes to others to prevent them getting hurt.
2.4 Explain how risk assessment can help address dilemmas between an individual’s rights and health and safety concerns
It is used as a starting point for working arrangements. It also helps the service users to understand what the risks are and what responsibilities the employees and employer have.
2.5 Explain how to promote health and safety within the social care setting
Taking part in health and safety training to understand the procedures and then most importantly reporting and recording risks and hazards as soon as possible.
3.1 Describe different types of accidents and sudden illness that may occur in a social care setting
Accidents can be:
slips and trips (losing balance)
cut and burns
Sudden illness can be:
3.2 Explain procedures to be followed if an accident or sudden illness should occur
First of all phone 999 and then immediately make sure the service user is in the most comfortable position as possible. Cover them with a blanket and put a pillow under the head. After the paramedics have finished you have record and report to line manager/next of kin.
3.3 Explain why it is important for emergency first aid tasks only to be carried out by qualified first aiders
If you are not a qualified first aider then you can cause more harm to the service users’ health and you may delay their recovery.
3.4 Explain the consequences of failing to follow emergency first aid procedures
By failing to follow procedures, injuries and illnesses may become worsor you may cause death.
4.1 Describe the routes by which an infection can get into the body
4.2 Explain the following prevention methods:
1. Hand washing – by washing your hand before and after personal care you prevent spreading infections. Most of the bacterial are sitting under your nails. 2. Own personal hygiene – always wearing gloves and aprons. Don’t forget to change gloves between personal care and food preparation or administering medication. 3. Encouraging the individual’s personal hygiene – carers can always prompt the service users to look after themselves by washing their hands, brushing teeth. We can always help them with areas they are struggling with.
4.3 Evaluate different types of personal protective equipment and how they can prevent the spread of infection
These help to create a barrier between carers and service users.
4.4 Explain own role in supporting others to follow practices that reduce the spread of infection
My role is to follow workplace practises to that reduce the spread of infection and to shoe a good example to others. Encouraging service users to cover their mouth and nose when they are sneezing or coughing. Explaining them not to use the same tissue and to wash their hands.
5.1 Describe the main points of legislation that relates to moving and handling
Correct use of equipments
Reporting any difficulties or problems with equipment
Avoiding hazardous manual handling
5.2 Explain how following principles for safe moving and handling protects those in the social care setting from injury or harm
After identifying hazards and risks it can reduce the risk of injury. This can also give opportunity to review the service users different moving and handling aid needs.
5.3 Explain situations that may require additional supports necessary for safer moving and handling
If we have any concerns about the moving and handling equipment we can contact the service users’ occupational therapist to put in place additional equipments what can make moving and handling easier and more comfortable for both carers and service users.
5.4 Explain why it is important for moving and handling tasks to be carried out following specialist training
It is important to understand the service users’ special needs and preferences. This way moving and handling will be safer and minimises the risk of injuries for both carers and service users.
6.1 Explain why it is important to have specialist training before assisting and moving an individual
Moving and handling can be very dangerous for both carers and service users. By not moving somebody correctly can be very painful for the service users and if something goes wrong you can cause permanent damage. You can also hurt your own back and you might have to stop work for a while.
6.2 Explain the potential consequences of assisting and moving an individual without specialist training
Failure to follow company procedures and legislations
Placing yourself and service users in danger
6.3 Explain the consequences of not following an individual’s care plan or fully engaging with them when assisting and moving
By not following the care plan you are not meeting the service users’ needs and preferences, and by that you are also neglecting them. The care plan is there for a guide and if you don’t agree with it you should discuss it with your line manager before you take any further actions.
7.1 Describe types of hazardous substances that may be found in the social care setting
7.2 Explain safe practices for:
1. Storing hazardous substances – in a secure place; clearly labelled containers 2. Using hazardous substances – reading labels carefully before using it; not mixing them incorrectly; always wear gloves and aprons; report any concerns 3. Disposing of hazardous substances – follow workplace procedures under correct conditions
7.3 Explain the dangers associated with not following these safe practices
By using hazardous substances incorrectly you can cause harmful gases and fire which is great danger for you and the service users. Follow workplace policies and READ the LABEL.