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Citizens in Europe want political stability and they feel that the emergence of a European union as the best way to more effectively defend their interests, while at the same time preserving their national specificities. In 1967, the executive structures of the three communities (ECSC,EEC,and Euratom) were merged and the EC (European communities) were formed. European governance is very difficult as relationship expands and organization is involved. The only way to make sense of this difficulty is to move towards the European Union (ECU) as a constitutional system whose constitutional parts interrelate in usual patterns.
The study of the ECU’s legal logic can illuminate the history of European assistance and make calculation about future interactions. Balances of Powers: The balance of power is one of the most revered concepts in the study of International associations. The main powers of Europe avoided conflict with each other effectively for a generation until 1914. Within Europe, A sequence of interlocking alliances grows, intended to preserve stability.
The balance of power between different European Institutions is the consequence of widening of European integration. (Bernhard Zepter, 2004).
The balance of power has resulted in the scope of competence of the EU i. e. more direct democratic legitimacy, the necessity to better involve European citizens in decision making procedures and the role of civil society in the further evolution of Europe’s architecture is an important in European institutions. European Integration: It is striking that European integration started with a plan to manage the fundamental resources. The motivation for the European integration process was aimed at political union; the method actually adopted was sectoral and economic.
By handing down ground-breaking rulings, the Court of Justice played an influential role in European integration. In December 2001 the European Council set up a conference with the task of integrating the treaties that control the functioning of the EU. The way to European integration has always rough, and successes have gone hand-in-hand. It is important that the European integration and the expansion of the EU into a great and aggressive economy can not succeed without a method to rebalance economic disparities.
The expansion of European integration process would not have been possible with accepting the partial transfer of national sovereignty to political and social cultures of the EU. (Nakayama, C. 2004) Division of Powers in the European Constitution: Europe understands an early dream by creating its first combined government from the time of Roman Empire, after the Second World War. Starting as contract of cooperation in steel and coal production, it its cooperation to take in new policy areas and expanded its relationship to fifteen states and others in the way to join.
Due to free trade it has stronger force than Hitler or napoleon armies. Recent changes have been brought in the Treaty of Lisbon and the sources of European Union law proposed in the Lisbon Treaty is the result of the widening reforms. The division of powers in the European Union is based on some factors. to confer the power, the role of member states and delimitation of competencies were taken in to consideration. (Piotr Tosiek) Institutions of the European Union: The European Union is not like the federation in United States nor it is simply operation between the governments but it has unique factors.
(Europa). The parliament, the Court of Justice, the Commission and the Council are the four primary institutions of government in European Constitutions. In Brussels the Commission is situated and it is an administrative body and at present it has 19 commissioners. It is made up of 23 Directorate-Generals and is headed by a President. This President is appointed by the Council and the President is changed for every two years. It has limited powers to suggest new European legislation. The Council is made up of the heads of the member states and the governments of member states meet regularly in the Council.
It is the primary body for making policy and enacting legislation. To undertake international commercial negotiations and must approve any treaties and agreements, the Council can give permission to the Commission. The European Parliament is situated in Strasburg and it is a 518-member body. The European Court of Justice is located in Luxembourg. It has one judge from each member state and one additional judge. The court can act as a council when necessary. Powers: European legislation has two basic types. They are Directives and unlike directives.
Directives have advices to member state legislatures to go with their legislation in order to join European markets. Unlike directives are identical everywhere in Europe and get effect without action by the member states. ( Cooter, R and Ginsburg, 1996) The votes are to be examined in the period preceding the conclusion of an IGC to the beginning treaties of the EU. In determining the future of the EU and the function of institutions like the EP, the final treaty texts were expected. The EP should submit the report of parliamentary divisions to IGC. With some important resistance in each case the reports were approved by the Parliament.
The three votes examined are happen before the Maastricht, Amsterdam and Nice treaties of the conclusion of their IGCs. The first vote examined required MPEs’ support for the third ‘Martin Report’. The second vote was a declaration connected to Martin report. These declarations contain demands for greater powers for the EP. The third vote considered authorized an amended version of the Lenin report. This put the EP’s position prior to the build-up to the Nice Treaty. (Scully, R. 2005) Conclusion: The balance of power between these institutions is deepening and developing day by day widening European integration.
In an article the French foreign minister Robert sxhuman on 9th nay 1950 has stated that “never war between us” this was the key lesson which made Europeans learn from the two world wars. “When European venture was first launched, place of fundamental rights in the Community Treaties has changed considerable. The EU Treaty states that “the Union shall respect fundamental rights, as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed in Rome on 4 November 1950 and as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, as general principles of Community law”.
While the European integration has progressed, the field of action was extended regularly by the European Union”. (Fundamental Rights) So the balance of power between the EU institutions and European integrations shapes from the forming of treaty has been achieving a good shape even though there may be some obstructions. References • Bernhard Zepter, 2004, The Process of European Integration and the Draft European Constitution. Available at: http://www. deljpn. ec. europa. eu/home/speech_en_Speech%2004/04. php [Accessed 18 May 2010].
• EU institutions and other bodies, Europa. Available at: http://europa. eu/institutions/index_en. htm [Accessed 18 May 2010]. • Piotr Tosiek, The European Union after the Treaty of Lisbon – Still an Intergovernmental System. Available at: http://www. jhubc. it/ecpr-riga/virtualpaperroom/072. pdf [Accessed 18 May 2010]. • Fundamental Rights and non-discrimination, Summaries of EU Legislation. Available at:http://europa. eu/legislation_summaries/institutional_affairs/treaties/amsterdam_treaty/a10000_en. htm [Accessed 18 May 2010]. • Scully, R. 2005.
Becoming Europeans? : attitudes, behaviour, and socialization in the European Parliament. New York: Oxford University Press. • Cooter, R and Ginsburg, 1996. Division of Powers In the European Constitution. Works. Bepress. Available at: http://works. bepress. com/cgi/viewcontent. cgi? article=1060&context=robert_cooter [Accessed 18 May 2010]. • Nakayama, C. 2004. The Process of European Integration and the Draft European Constitution [online]. Available at: http://www. deljpn. ec. europa. eu/home/speech_en_Speech%2004/04. php [Accessed 18 May 2010].
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