Population Health and Healthcare Disparities

Categories: HealthPopulation

Population health is the aggregation of different approach to healthcare that determines the health outcome of a group of people (Nash, JoAnne, Fabius, & & Pracilio, 2011). Population health combines the overall quality of health of individuals in the community, considering the variations in cultures, socioeconomical status, demographics, and so on. The outcome of health of individuals in a providing population is extremely figured out by the policies that govern the health care shipment and care interventions (Nash et al.

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, 2011). The care interventions consist of health screening, promotion and avoidance, disease management, and persistent care management (Nash et al., 2011). To improve safety and remove health variations in the population, it is essential to enhance the quality of care of individuals, and the community as a whole by producing awareness about illness, supplying education and setting in place centers to assist deal with such diseases early prior to it becomes chronic health problem. These are all categorized under primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention.

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According to Kindig, & Stoddart (2003), the concept and measurement of health and health outcomes focuses attention and research effort on the impact of each determinant and their interactions on some appropriate outcome, and it also allows one to consider health inequality and inequity and the distribution of health across subpopulations, as well as the ethical and value considerations underpinning these issues. Nash et al. (2011), the basic attributes of population health as follows:

Patient-centered care

Identified care provider

Interdiciplinary healthcare team members such as physical therapists, spech therapists, occupational therapists, social workers, etc
Knowledge and recognition of determinants of health and the impact on individuals and the population
Integration of the community systems with public health

Application of evidence-based practice to provide good quality, and cost effective care provision of culturally and linguistically appropriate care and health education Implementation of interoperable cross-sector health information technology Nash et al. (2011) defines health disparities as "difference in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and the burden of diseases, as well as other adverse health conditions or outcomes that exists among specific population groups, and have well-documents in subpopulations based on socioeconomic status, education, age, race and ethnicity, geography, disability, sexual orientation,, or special needs".

Disparities in healthcare can lead to high mortality and morbidity rates. It can also lead to low quality of life (Nash et al., 2011). It is important to recognize the impact that social determinants have on health outcomes of specific populations and strive to improve the health of all groups. Population health has opened the eyes of the government and other private sectors to the disparities in population health, and these bodies have come together to improve the healthcare system of the country.

Over the years, efforts to eliminate disparities and achieve health equity have focused primarily on diseases or illnesses and on health care services. During the past 2 decades, 1 of Healthy People’s overarching goals has focused on disparities. In Healthy People 2000, it was to reduce health disparities among Americans. In Healthy People 2010, it was to eliminate, not just reduce, health disparities. In Healthy People 2020, that goal was expanded even further: to achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups (Nash et al, 2011).

Kindig, D., & Stoddart, G. (2003). What is population health? Am J Public Health. 93(3): 80-383
Nash, D., B., Reifsnyder, J., Fabius, R., J., & Pracilio, V. P. (2011). Population health: Creating a culture of wellness. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC

Updated: Nov 20, 2023
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Population Health and Healthcare Disparities. (2016, Sep 21). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/population-health-2-essay

Population Health and Healthcare Disparities essay
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