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Economic concepts of supply, demand, and market equilibrium

Categories Demand, Economics

Essay, Pages 3 (672 words)



Essay, Pages 3 (672 words)

Economics by McConell, Brue, and Flynn described the economic concepts of supply, demand, and market equilibrium. I will help relate the opportunities to the real world by providing examples while discussing the market equilibrating process. Within daily life, one may experience market equilibrating when they get laid off or even get a new career. When one gets a new job one might, buy a car, more clothes, go on vacations, or even purchase a home. If one is laid off, he/she will expect or demand less because there is less money.

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Demand is a schedule or curve that reveals the various amounts of a product that consumers are willing to purchase at each of a string of potential prices during a specified period of time. Demand shows the quantities of a product that will be purchased at various possible prices; other things equal (McConnell, Flynn 2009). An important characteristic of demand indicates that as price falls, the quantity demanded rises and as the price increases, the quantity demanded falls.

The relationship between the price and quantity demanded is called an inverse relationship and this is what Economists call the law of demand. In discussing the law of demand, an example could be the housing market equilibrating process.

The current economic times has created many families to be in a state of disequilibrium or deficit. Several years ago house prices were rising, and the demand exceeded the supply. There were housing expansions and new development throughout the state of Alabama, consumers were able to take out easy loans, and several individuals were flipping properties, expecting the housing market to continue to rise.

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Suddenly the market changed rather quickly, and home values decreased. Investments in the real estate market quickly stopped. The housing supply now surpassed the demand and prices decreased. This created a flood of short sales and foreclosures for many homeowners. Many families were out of homes and became renters. Modification within the marginal pricing of homes was most likely more important to the market equilibrating process than the decrease in average price solitarily. Housing and apartment prices are patterned after the modifications in housing supply and demand. The demand angle includes aspects that are expected to change in price, demographics; household income expected return on a house as well as other factors that are demand shifters. Supply is a schedule or curve showing the various amounts of a product that producers are willing and able to make available for sale at each of a series of possible prices during a specific period.

As price rises, the quantity supplied rises; as price falls, the quantity supplied falls. This relationship is called the law of supply. A supply schedule tells us that, other things equal, firms will produce and offer for sale more of their product at a high price than at a low price. (McConnell, Flynn 2009). The supply side within real estate consists of aspects such as location, the houses age and state of housing or institutional factors that facilitates or hinder households’ access to the housing market, such as financial innovation on the mortgage and housing loan market. With the current economic hardships the housing market predictions are a few years until housing equilibrium.

The equilibrium price (or market-clearing price) is the price where the intention of the buyers and sellers match. It is the price where the quantity demanded equals the quantity supplied. Making use of the example of the real estate market, graphically, the equilibrium price would be indicated by the intersection of the supply curve and the demand curve. In conclusion, this paper described the concepts of supply, demand, and market equilibrium, using real estate as a real world example. It further described the market equilibrating process and compared that to the same real world example.


  1. McConnell, C. R., Brue, S.L., & Flynn, S.M. (2009). Economics: Principles, problems, and policies (18th ed.) Chapter 3. New York: McGraw Hill/Irwin. Retrieved from: https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/classroom/ic/classroom.aspx
  2. Onselen, Leith van.( January 6, 2011). The Truth About the U.S. Housing Market. Retrieved from: http://seekingalpha.com/article/245203-the-truth-about-the-u-s-housing-market

Cite this essay

Economic concepts of supply, demand, and market equilibrium. (2016, Jun 10). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/market-equilibration-process-in-economy-2-essay

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