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a massive bombing attack.
an aggressive use of tanks.
an attack on the air force.
a mass invasion of troops.
relies exclusively on air power.
takes place at great speed.
destroys large portions of the country.
Churchill gave inflammatory speeches.
Churchill prepared for war.
Churchill refused to negotiate.
Churchill failed to bargain honestly.
sending armed forces into Germany to force it to stop its aggression
forming an alliance with the United States to counter Germany’s alliance with Italy and Japan
building up strong armies and navies to stop Germany from making further demands
allowing Germany to take aggressive steps in hopes of maintaining peace
War involves blood, toil, and tears.
War entails many months of suffering.
Victory must be attained at all costs.
Victory must occur on land and sea.
Their radar equipment was effective.
Their leader urged them to keep fighting Germany.
Their air force was more determined and powerful than Germany’s.
Their spies kept them informed by sending secret messages.
devastating airplane attack
rapid invasion by air and land
attack by multiple infantry troops
destruction of airplanes and tanks
the appeasement policy
the invasion of Poland
the nonaggression pact
the surrender of Poland
Belgium and the Netherlands.
Poland and Russia.
Austria and Czechoslovakia.
Turkey and Sweden.
invading Great Britain
annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia
attacking Pearl Harbor
He believed his actions would prove him to be a great leader.
He believed that the Third Reich was the more powerful government.
He believed he had the right to be as aggressive as he wanted to be.
He believed that Great Britain and France would choose not to respond to his actions.
Stalin was afraid of Hitler.
Hitler had broken a pact and attacked.
Hitler was becoming too powerful in Eastern Europe.
Stalin wished to take control of territories captured by Germany.
The German army suffered massive casualties.
The German army attacked in the middle of winter.
The German army was overconfident after defeating France.
The German army was weakened from fighting two countries at once.
signed a peace treaty with Germany and Italy.
imposed an embargo on shipping war goods and petroleum products to Japan.
sent bombers over Japan in an effort to frighten that nation’s rulers.
embarked on a policy of disarmament.
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
-President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941
To which event was the president referring?
the Battle of Guadalcanal
the Bataan Death March
the attack on Pearl Harbor
the Battle of Midway
They offered peace terms to the United States.
They tried to gain as much territory in the Pacific as possible.
They invaded the West Coast of the United States.
They sat back and waited for the United States to take action.
It entered into an alliance with Germany and Italy.
It placed an embargo on imports from the United States.
It occupied French Indochina.
It torpedoed American ships in the Pacific.
It invaded China to gain control.
It allied itself with Britain and France.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
The United States ordered the evacuation of its citizens from the West Coast.
Congress voted to continue its isolationist policy.
American forces sailed to Japan and began to attack it.
Congress declared war on Japan the next day.
The attack did minimal damage.
The Americans were unprepared for the attack.
The Japanese occupied Hawaii after the attack.
The American Navy was severely weakened.
No American vessels were destroyed.
an act of war.
German brutality toward the Allies
an extensive loss of German soldiers
exhausted German supplies
the end of the German advance
the battle ending in a draw
It prompted several Axis countries in Eastern Europe to switch their allegiance.
It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany.
It consolidated Soviet power in Russia.
It removed the German threat on the war’s eastern front.
recruitment of local soldiers
They are code names for the American, Canadian, and British troops.
They are code names for the sections of Normandy Beach that were attacked.
They stand for three types of weaponry that would be used in battle.
They are the names of three ships that brought troops to the beach.
The battle marked the beginning of Germany’s victory.
The German army exhausted all of their supplies.
The battle marked the end of Germany’s advancement.
The German army gained hundreds of additional soldiers.
Yes, German leaders surrendered shortly after the D-Day invasion.
No, the Germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures.
Yes, D-Day weakened German forces, who abandoned the military en masse.
No, the Germans had a steady supply of young soldiers to continue the fight.
The island had airfields that the U.S. military needed.
The island had long-range anti-aircraft missiles.
The island was home to Japan’s naval fleet.
The island had natural resources that the Japanese military needed.
the Battle of Iwo Jima
the bombing of Hiroshima
the bombing of Nagasaki
the Battle of Okinawa
Japan was a greater threat than Germany to the Allies.
Japan received military assistance from Germany, so the Allies needed to defeat Germany first.
The Allies wanted to ensure that Germany did not continue to conquer European territory.
The Allies needed Japan’s vast stockpile of weapons to defeat Germany.
show US military strength.
force Japan to surrender to the Allies.
guarantee a US victory.
prevent the Soviet invasion of Japan.
It created new peacemaking groups.
It started a nuclear arms race.
It destroyed American-German relations.
It ended the era of atomic weapons.
It led to the Cold War.
The Allies defeated a major German commander.
The German army defeated the Allies severely.
It allowed Allied troops access to Egypt.
It served as the turning point of World War II.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Charles de Gaulle
Allies were able to capture almost all of the Japanese soldiers.
About 31,000 American troops were killed.
Allies killed almost all of the Japanese soldiers.
Almost all American troops were captured.
The second bomb was aimed at Japan’s largest munitions factory.
Japan refused to surrender after the first bomb was dropped.
The United States wanted to cause as much damage as possible.
The bombs worked in conjunction with each other.
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