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Introduction: digital Bangladesh is a new world, a new concept, a new dream. Bangladesh is now resounding with the aim of achieving digital Bangladesh. Our present prime minister, Sheikh Hasina, in their election manifesto of 2008 declared to build up Bangladesh as a digital one by 2021. Since then this concept has become almost a lip-word with the people of Bangladesh. Meaning of digital Bangladesh: our life today is governed by the offshoots of science. Science has ushered in new era in the history of human civilization.
Computer invention is the most determining factor in the respect. It has brought about a revolutionary change on the face of the global world. This change has been possible through the information technology (it) based on computer-internet system. The micro-electronic system through which all sorts of information are collected. Assimilated, preserved, processed and transmitted is known as “information technology”. This information technology or computer & internet based Bangladesh is called a digital Bangladesh. Necessity in Bangladesh: ours is a developing country.
We a achieved independence in 1971 after a bloody liberation war.
Science then began the campaign of building up the war-shattered Bangladesh as a Bangla of gold. But it is a matter of great sorrow that we have not been able to cross just the stage of a developing country even after the lapse of a long period of 38 years of liberation. No expected development has yet been achieved. The main causes are: laziness, lack of morality, tendency to make more talks than work, lack of tendency to go ahead with the advanced technology etc.
The gradual connection of the digital system in all the activities of Bangladesh, if possible, may give birth to a digital Bangladesh. This perspective plan can be brought into reality only when the important places of the country can be brought under control by setting us CCTV camera based on the computer-election campaign through video conferences as a part of her dream of building up digital Bangladesh. We can apply digital system in the following sectors of our national life. Educational sector: education is the backbone of a nation. So we must put our first priority on education sector with a view to establishing a digital Bangladesh. We can make video of teacher’s lectures of speeches and display them on the white screens before the learner.
Read more: Essay on Liberation War of Bangladesh
A learner can receive education sitting in his house. Medical sector: medical facilities are one of the basic needs of human beings. Modern science has given birth to a new world in the field of medical treatment. If the internet connection can be spread widely, a patient can receive prescription of medicine without appearing before a physician by paying offers through online banking system. Agricultural sector: ours is an ago-based country. More than 80% of the people of our country are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. But they are ignorant of the more method of cultivation whereas the developed countries of the world have championed in this fields by using the boons of mechanized method of cultivation. Administrative sector: most of the offices of our country are extremely sluggish in work and life in wait for taking bribes by holding up work days after days. We can make the administration dynamic, work-oriented and free from corruption by setting up CCTV camera through computer-internet system. Security sector: security is a must in every sphere of our national life. No national can expect to advance without having a well-founded security system. It can be made possible by setting up CCTV camera through computer internet system.
This system will help us detect the miscreant event after ling period of their occurrence of mischief’s. Buying and selling sector: buying and selling are our every-days matter. Everyday we go to markets or shopping malls to make purchase of different essential things of our daily life. If the computer network can be spread widely, we shall be able to make our necessary purchases by staying in our house. Not only in the native land, can it be extended even to the foreign countries by making payments through credit cards. Communication sector: “transport is civilization” –goes a wise saying. It is not possible to make all round development without having a good and dynamic communication system in the country. At present, many a thing of communication affairs is Bering controlled through computer-internet system. We can also bring the whole country within the reach of our hands through this system. Publication sector: we cannot think of publication books today without the help of computer network. The computer system has already been introduced in our publication industry.
Earlier, the booed which took at least two months to be published, now that blood can be published within two days. Newspaper sector: computer network is now being used in publishing newspapers on a large scale. Now a newspaper is being published in different regions of the country simultaneously. So newspapers are no more sent to Chittagong, khulna, Rajshahi or sleet from Dhaka by transport. Especially tins system is being followed in case of first call news papers. Recreation sector: recreation sources are badly needed for the modern mechanized hard-field of recreation. We can enjoy different sorts of amusements including different games and film shows. We can now know the results of the games which are going on overseas within a moment through internet. Banking sector: computer network has given a new impetus in the banking sector. It has made banking sector mere dynamic than ever before. Online system has already been introduced in many banking institutions. Now we no more need carry cash money with us to the remotest regions of the country.
If this system can be introduced in all banking institutions in our country, Bangladesh will be able to step into a digital one. Setting up online information center: the information services of different public and private sector can be made reach to the door-step of the people by setting up online information centers. Then people will be able to collect different data or information from this information center. Not only that they will be able to know about the final institutional conditions and position. Conclusion: it is said “hope springs eternal in the human breast” we also hope that we shall be able to turn our war-shattered country into a digital Bangladesh by bringing about an all round development through all-out efforts of people of a all walks of life. We are very hopeful to learn that the daily Jougantor and the Cambrian college have jointly taken a gigantic to set up digital campus all over the country with the Sklogan.
Effective Digital Bangladesh: concepts, values perspectives of Third world
We all love our country Bangladesh. As a Bangladeshi, we have different perception, religious beliefs, and contingency of thoughts, available information and correcting response of emerging issues, which are affecting our personal life with changing the environmental. Now all of the Bangladeshi people have been known the emerging concept “Digital Bangladesh Vision 2021”in this Informational age.
Digital Bangladesh: Young Generation
Present prime minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina in 2008 have been arising a broad concept “Digital Bangladesh Vision 2021”, which is significantly changes our environmental counterword. The victory of Awami League in the last election has given the new government a huge task of meeting people’s aspirations. Different analyses of the electoral results have exposed that the young generation who consist of more than one third of the voters had indeed brought this overwhelming victory for AL. The visionary approach of AL’s manifesto, especially its ‘Vision 2021? which envisions a ‘digital Bangladesh’.
Digital age aspects: Third World
The digital Technology has been created major changes in the worldwide. The world in which we live – the world of late modernity – is characterized by a deep uncertainty; uncertainty not only about the foundations of social structure, but also about individual identity. Digital technology offers powerful tools for learning, for self-expression, and for the building, maintenance and sharing of identity. But for citizens of the third age, these aspects of the modern world pose a threat to their identity. Being able to use the technology appropriately in real situations is therefore important to any citizen. Technology has not changed the notion of what learning is, but it has opened up more avenues in thinking how it can be done. If we wish to empower seniors digitally we should focus on their goals for digital usage, the areas in which digital activity is socially meaningful and contribute directly to the development of meaning and identity.
Allan Martin (February 2009:2) Digital Literacy for the Third Age: Sustaining Identity in an Uncertain World eLearning Papers, www.elearningpapers.eu, 1 Nº 12 • February 2009, ISSN 1887-1542 Bangladesh should be part of Information age and “Digital Bangladesh”, needs to be the basis grounded for Bangladesh. The concept of Digital Bangladesh should be centered on the creation of what is popularly termed as a "knowledge based society," Therefore, knowledge-based society where information will be readily available online and where all possible tasks of the government, semi-government and also private spheres will be processed using online. In the third world perspective identify three key elements – i.
Late modern society
ii. Digitally-infused society
iii. A society in which change is perceived as endemic and as rapid, in which nothing appears to remain the same, in which fashions change by the season, political leaders rise and fall with stunning rapidity, “celebrities” arise from nowhere with often the slimmest claim to fame, and can vanish overnight, and every product on the market is “new”.
Late modern society:
It is a globalised society, in which the free-market economy has become transformed into a supranational order, in which the elite, no longer loyal or beholden to any one country, and itself highly mobile in terms of its location and lifestyle, deploys capital on a global basis.
Digital technology has become essential to the accomplishment of most official and commercial activities, and many personal ones too. The digital, which was initially a tool to achieve faster and more efficiently the activities we already performed, has enabled activities previously considered unimaginable, including globalization itself. It has also forced a change in the way we think about information, from a finite and miserable substance to a product of infinite quantity which can only be engaged with through digital tools. (Online services) A society in which change is perceived as endemic and as rapid: Buzzwords define values: in higher education “quality” has been superseded by “excellence” (– but what comes after excellence?).
In practice the change is not so real – the companies making the new products are the same, and the rich tend to stay or high rich – but the perception of change is necessary in a global economy whose basis is consumption. All these elements already exist in our daily life of the Bangladesh. Living own life responsibility taking concentrate towards the concept of “globalize” words for personal misfortunes and unanticipated events. Allan Martin (February 2009:3) Digital Literacy for the Third Age: Sustaining Identity in an Uncertain World eLearning Papers, www.elearningpapers.eu, 1 Nº 12 • February 2009, ISSN 1887-1542
Manuel Castells: The Internet Galaxy, ‘The Internet is a fundamental instrument for Development in the Third World’ (castells2001:5) The digital technology is reshaping Bangladeshi economy, political and socio cultural scenario. The Slogan “Digital Bangladesh” meaning knowledge-society which creates an information relational sphere. All of sphere is equally important to thinking & making positively awareness to environmental event through information efficiency. The local community ceases to be an element of stability which confers aspects of identity, and the building of involvement in communities has become a conscious action forming part of the construction of individual identity. (Blogging) Individual responsibility does have positive as well as negative aspects: the freedom to make one’s own biography has never been greater, a theme frequently repeated in the media. (Information efficiency & availability)
Technological Advantages of Digital Age: effectively cause violence: Computers, modern telecommunication and the Internet all reduce communication costs and break down geographical borders. That’s why; ICT can be an important driver in poverty reduction and assure sustained economic growth, better public welfare, and strong social solidity and democratic forms of government. More and more efficiency of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has change in governmental functions globally to achieve efficiency and cost-effective service delivery to citizens. Digital Bangladesh is a transformative vision that proposes to use modern technology to impact every aspect of public and private life and they way they interacts to improve the quality of life and quality of governance. Technology is offering huge significantly broad concept throughout the Internet.
This is easier to connect the worldwide with one second-
* Easily get information of the any site of world(Google, Yahoo etc) * Now Educational sphere is not local also growing worldwide(All information on websites) * Financial Institutes provide international Service with their own identity(e-banking) * Significantly changes the Social Communication (Facebook, Blogging etc) * Bangladesh telecommunication have been reached rural area & making a thinking of new theory of social communication also provide daily activities (agricultural, medical service through mobile) * The news of all Newspapers published on Online
* Media & Advertising concept blinded on a web page.
* Now-a-days All Bangladeshi political groups’ have own websites & all groups update their activities on basis of countrywide. Information technology reduces costs, saves time, improves efficiency, raises comfort levels and increases the confidence of peoples. Also affect the societal changes of the situational effect which coherence distorted values of ethics. Newly emerged internet activity create technology based society & create negative impact of child caution of low cost of the accessed of internet mobile. Which have broadly connected social ethics, cultural movement, new thinking of any possible outcomes, satellite competitiveness, unfair attitude on different perspective countries, religious beliefs of any community, easy browse of pornographic event, news of violence create negative effective also frequently inspired by the issue arising, which distortion of our daily living life thinking.
* September 29th ,2012 ‘Ramu Violence’ happened in Cox’s Bazaar District, Bangladesh: Caused of ethical concept published behind the religious beliefs, as therefore distortion the Cultural heritage of Bangladesh, create dilemma between two community also significantly arising social imbalance. * Rape and murder in Delhi- Whole world to rise up and demonstrate at the murderous gang-rape of a 23-year-old woman on a bus in Delhi on a mid-December evening. Not just the fact of the crime: in India rape has long been depressingly common. It damages our social security also affect perception of people thinking about the social accountability. * After the Rape and murder in Delhi coincidently effect our young generation to arise some unethical practices, I’ve noticed my personal opinion: In January (1-5) we have seen the media & newspaper published some raping cases which happened in Tangail & Savaar. Finally, we have right to know the real meaning of -
“Digital Age is the awareness, attitude and ability of individuals to appropriately use digital tools and facilities to identify, access, manage, integrate, evaluate, analyze and synthesize digital resources, construct new knowledge, create media expressions, and communicate with others, in the context of specific life situations, in order to enable constructive social action; and to reflect upon this process. (Martin, 2006: 19)” Strategy plan for Bangladesh:
The people of Bangladesh are in dialogue and the topic is about their future – a future that is encapsulated by the phrase “Digital Bangladesh.” The goals are to ensure human rights, legal services, social equity, productivity, integrity, law and order, etc. for the people through the automation and deployment of ICTs. These are mentioned in the ICT Policy of 2009. In the pillars of Digital Bangladesh, the various stakeholders provided an assessment on the present situation of Bangladesh in terms of e-governance, e-business, cyber security, ICT infrastructure, health, education and the digital divide.
In summary, the study looked into the narratives and ensuing dialogues on Digital Bangladesh from the perspective of government, business, academe, media, IT and civil society. From the findings, it can be cleaned that Bangladeshis from these various sectors felt they had a huge stake in Digital Bangladesh and for this reason, did not allow the campaign slogan to die a natural death.
Developed ICT & Trained manpower:
ICT is the backbone of any digital initiative. It covers the vast area of information ensuring connectivity through the information technology, communication technology and of course the telecommunication technology. Without the development of the ICT sector, the dream of a Digital Bangladesh would not be possible. The main factors of ICT are the physical backbone and the intellect. Computer Systems, Network Machineries, Software, Wire and Wireless Connectivity Systems, Broadcast Hardware and many other Hardware and Accessories are the physical backbone. The trained human behind the backbone are the intellect. To materialize the idea of digital Bangladesh, development of countrywide backbone and expected number of human recourses are the basic needs.
Awareness of the arising issue: Government policy
On the other hand, while mass people are concern, availability, accessibility and affordability must be ensured; otherwise the objective of building a digital Bangladesh could not be achieved properly. Due to globalization, more specifically due to booming of ICT like most of the country of the globe, Bangladesh has already been connected with the outside world through the information super highway.
* The study found that the sectors’ leaders had diverging assessments on the state of e-governance, e-commerce and software/hardware industry but were more in agreement with health, education, agriculture, digital divide and cyber security. They like wise had shared meanings regarding the stakeholders/beneficiaries, pillars/components and scope of Digital Bangladesh but were divided regarding its definition, goals and roadmap. They presented a myriad of Challenges and policy recommendations for Digital Bangladesh as well.
Dr. Jude Genilo, Mr. Md. Shamsul Islam& Ms. Marium Akther: Narratives on Digital Bangladesh: Shared Meanings, Shared Concerns
* Nationwide will provide the all information which is accurately correspondent of peoples needed though ensure the slogan. * Only one ID-which provide all valid services like: Banking services, voting, Driving License, foreign services etc...At the cause the access of information under one identity if we will make generally. * Ensuring all Bangladeshis to acquire minimum Certificate S.S.C * Avoid the competitively awareness of the political issues, create a harmony to bonding the community based development to image political Leaders.
* Social awareness is the broadest concept of the developing to understand the environmental changes. * Also Government should be most vulnerable activities to reach the slogan “Digital Bangladesh”. Digitalization of Bangladesh will depend how best the Government can leverage the power of ICT to increase the access to information of its population. . . . The final weakness is implementation approach, which has been focused on government delivery rather than facilitation and enabling of private and voluntary sector solutions.”
Digital is a tool that will help accelerate economic development and increase competitive edges of Bangladesh in the world market. Wide-scale digitization is likely to help Bangladesh become a mid-income country sooner than otherwise possible. However, for proper management the government needs to define its vision, mission and goals and formulate strategies and prepare action plans supported by necessary financial and human resources so that the plans can be implemented. The forces of globalization and technology are continuously reshaping our economy. The impact of information and communication technology (ICT) is giving rise to a new type of economy - the knowledge based economy.
It is necessary to mention that in the short run "Digital Bangladesh" aims at E-Governance and service delivery through utilizing ICT. But the vision "Digital Bangladesh” concept is the whole arena of a knowledge based Digital Economy. Bangladesh can't afford to achieve that goal in the short and medium run. The thinkers, technocrats and IT experts have to focus on the short run issues and measures the present Government should undertake to digitalize Bangladesh.
It is important to start digitalizing service delivery organs like Police, City corporation, Land Department, Tax Department, PDB, Water supply, Gas and other authorities also including sectors like Banking, Insurance, Customs, Tax Collection. Urgent steps should be taken to digitalize institutions like Bangladesh Bank, NBR, PSC, UGC, EC, ACC and other vital institution to go a step ahead towards Good Governance. Our government must take proactive steps to take technology to rural citizens. However our dream towards digital Bangladesh has a long way to go.
Bangladesh Awami League, (2008, December 17). Vote for Boat for digital Bangladesh: Sheikh Hasina tellsrallies en route to Tungipara. Retrieved
August 25, 2009,from http://www.albd.org/autoalbd/index.php?option=com_content;task=view;id=377;Itemid=1 Akbar, M. S. U, (2009, October 31), Digital Bangladesh: Integrating ICT in non-ICT projects, The Daily Star, p11.
Correspondent, Staff, (2009, June 22).Cross digital divide to reach digital Bangladesh The Daily Star,p.1.
Allan Martin (February 2009:2) Digital Literacy for the Third Age: Sustaining Identity in an Uncertain World eLearning Papers, www.elearningpapers.eu, 1 Nº 12 • February 2009, ISSN 1887-1542 Manuel Castells: The Internet Galaxy, ‘The Internet is a fundamental instrument for Development in the Third World’ (castells2001:5) Sttrattegiic Priioriittiies off Diigiittall Banglladeshprepared by Access to IInfformatiion ((A2II)) Programme Priime Miiniister’’s Offffiice
Jude Genilo, Marium Akther, Md. Shamsul Islam:Narratives on Digital Bangladesh: Shared Meanings, Shared Concerns,PSN: Development Strategies (Topic) 02/2010; DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1554146
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