Essay, Pages 6 (1378 words)
General Purpose: To persuade.
Particular Purpose: After hearing my speech, I want my audience to concur that they have to be more critical of the shows they let children see.
Thesis: Violence illustrated on television can have strong life-long negative impacts on children if adults do refrain from doing their part in censorship and kid assistance.
- Attention-getting device: What’s the most violent thing you’ve ever seen on tv? A murder? An assassination? A fatal explosion? A war report on the nightly news? Whatever it is, the possibilities are, that image is engraved in your memory.
- Importance to the audience: Now, we’re balanced youths. We know those images won’t do us any damage. Or can’t they?
- Credibility: According to a Senate Committee Report entitled, Children, Violence and the Media, “by age 18, an American child will have seen 16,000 simulated murders and 200,000 acts of violence.” It is quite impossible for these images not to develop an impression on the minds of the children who enjoy them.
- Thesis: Violence portrayed on tv can have strong life-long negative results on children if grownups do not do their part in censorship and child assistance.
- Sneak peek: I am here in front right now due to the fact that I wish to reveal you that violence is wide-spread on tv and that these have negative results on children as they mature if grownups do not take obligation.
- ASSERTION ONE: Violence is all over even in cartoons … Yes, even from programs that we consider wholesome.
- Assistance One: A good friend as soon as told me hat her 4 years of age daughter tore a book from the preschool library. When the young woman was asked why she did it, she stated she was merely mimicing Stitch from the Disney film Lilo and Stitch.
- Support Two: Also according to the Senate Report I mentioned earlier, more than 1,000 studies about the relation between television and film violence have been done. Majority reached the same conclusion that television and film violence often leads to real violent acts.
Transition: This is why one of the major revelations of the report was also that television alone is responsible for ten percent of youth violence.
- ASSERTION TWO: Television violence can have negative effects on children.
- Support One: Media violence can encourage children to learn aggressive behavior and attitudes. Lionel Tate, was only twelve years old when he tried to imitate the wrestling moves he learned on TV. It would have been okay if these moves were just done during imaginative play. However, he implemented these on six year old Tiffany Eunick who suffered a fractured skull, lacerated liver, broken rib, internal hemorrhaging and cuts and bruises that led to her early death. Lots of opinions have been thrown regarding Lionel’s innocence or guilt but one thing is for sure: he did not have a good understanding of what can be done in reality as opposed to fantasy.
- Support Two: According to a 15 year study made by L. Rowell Huesmann and his colleagues, the sorry thing about TV violence is that children tend to identify themselves with the heroes in the shows and that most protagonists are rewarded for their violent acts. The example they gave was of Dirty Harry who does things violently but is glorified for his deeds. This creates an impression in the children’s minds that aggressive behavior is a good solution to get one wants without suffering consequences for it.
- Support Three: According to the University of Michigan Health System’s website, kids under eight years old may not be able to differentiate between reality and fantasy thus making them susceptible to thinking that the fantasy violence they see can actually be real.
- Support Four: This supports the belief that television violence can also promote fearful or pessimistic attitudes in children who tend to become easily scared because they can mistake the idea that the imaginary characters they see on TV can come into their real lives.
Transition: If there is no one to guide a young child who is watching something violent on TV, the kid can easily mistake it as something that is part of reality.
- ASSERTION THREE: Therefore, adult presence in the light of TV violence is necessary for children.
- Support One: Many parents trust that G-rated shows and films are safe for their children. However, in a study made by Yokota F. Thompson, all – as in all American animated feature films made from 1937 to 1999 have violent acts and the bad deeds that portray intentional infliction of pain was becoming higher. It is still highly recommended that parents view the films together with their children to help the kids understand the right and wrong of what they are watching.
- Support Two: According to the University of Michigan Health System website again, children between the ages of 8 to 12 years old who watch violence on TV become paranoid of being a victim of the disaster they have seen. Children below the age of eight often get poor sleep because of the impressions they get from the TV violence they absorb. Without parents and caregivers to comfort these children from the effects of what they had been watching, the fears that have been instilled can become life long.
Transition: Adults must become more aware of their roles to prevent the negative effects of TV violence on children.
Conclusion/Call to Action
- Review/Reinforce Main Idea: Violence on television is easy to ignore because it is mostly done in comical or heroic fashion that promotes the success of the hero in the story. However, children who have little capability to understand the difference between fantasy and reality can either imitate the aggressive behavior, have twisted views on what are morally right or wrong and may develop unnecessary fears that can mpair them for life. Adults must play an active role in censoring and explaining these things to help children process what they see correctly.
- Provide Sense of Closure: We do not need to wait for ourselves to become parents to help protect children against the effects of TV violence. We have younger siblings, nieces, nephews and young friends who can benefit from what I have talked about today.
- Strong Clear Ending: Be the true hero in someone young’s life. Help children and parents understand the real score about the violence on TV.
(Couse or Subject)
(Date of Presentation)
Topic: TV violence can affect children negatively if adults are not careful
- Attention-getting device: most violent thing ever seen television
- Relevance to the audience: balance people, images can’t harm
- Credibility: Senate Report “by age 18, 16,000 murders, 200,000 acts of violence
- Thesis: Violence has negative effects on children; adults must do their parts
- Preview: (1) violence is wide-spread; (2) negative effects on children (3) adults
- ASSERTION ONE: Violence is all over
- Support One: young girl and Stitch
- Support Two: television and film violence often leads to real violent acts
- ASSERTION TWO: negative effects on children.
- Support One: Lionel Tate and Tiffany Eunick
- Support Two: Rowell Huesmann and his colleagues; Dirty Harry
- Support Three: kids under eight on reality and fantasy
- Support Four: fearful or pessimistic attitudes in children
- ASSERTION THREE: adult presence is necessary
- Support One: films from 1937 to 1999 have violent acts
- Support Two: 8 to 12 years old become paranoid; below eight get poor sleep
Conclusion/Call to Action
- Review/Reinforce: Violence; between fantasy and reality; adults active role
- Provide Sense of Closure: younger siblings, nieces, nephews and young friends
- Strong Clear Ending: true ; help children and parents
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2001). Media Violence, Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 108(5), 1222-
Huesmann LR, Moise-Titus J, Podolski CL and Eron LD. (2003). Longitudinal relations between
children’s exposure to TV violence and their aggressive and violent behavior in young
adulthood: 1977-1992. Developmental Psychology. 39(2), 201-21.
NBC 6 News Team. (2003). Appeals Court Orders New Trial for Lionel Tate. Retrieved April
17, 2008, from http://www.nbc6.net/news/2695873/detail.html
Senate Committee on the Judiciary. (1999 September 14). Children, violence, and the media: a
report for parents and policy makers. Retrieved April 16, 2008, from http://judiciary.
“What do I need to know about children and TV?” (2008). University of Michigan Health
System. Retrieved 17 April 2008, from http://www.med.umich.edu/1libr/yourchild/
Yokota F, Thompson KM. (2000). Violence in G-rated animated films. JAMA. 283(20), 2716-