The Structure of Scientific Writing

The structure of a research paper or scientific writing includes several steps. These steps are described below.

Abstract

It must briefly introduce to reader our aim of study, methodology, results and findings. The abstract is a summary of our research. It is nearly as important as the title because the reader will be able to quickly read through it. In most scientific writing, the abstract can become divided into very short sections to guide the reader through the summaries.

  • Keep the sentences short and focused.

  • Avoid shortenings and citations.
  • The results should be clear and contain the major points e.g. highlight the relationship between data –which was larger, smaller, greater, etc.
  • The trick is to get in as much detail in as possible including some actual values.
  • The abstract should be less than 250 words. It should indicate the:
  • problem to be investigated
  • purpose of the study
  • methods
  • major results
  • interpretations and implications of the results.

Introduction:

  • It describes a clear and overall purpose of study.

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  • It is a discussion of satisfaction of our research paper.
  • It give very brief background of our relevant theory and practice of our topic.
  • The introduction should explain key words.
  • It explains that problem is very important which I discussed.
  • It explains the lack of current knowledge.
  • It explains the objectives of our study.
  • It is an overview of rest of the paper. It describes our plan about that topic.

Literature Review

It summarizes what conclusions have been reached in our literature and whether differences are present are not and whether the writer agrees or not.

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It highlights the main issue and controversies about the problem. It describes four guide questions.

  • What is the present state of knowledge regarding the topic under consideration?
  • How are the studies related to the one being purposed?
  • What is the quality of the studies reviewed?
  • How will the proposed study contribute in existing literature?

Methodology

  • It demonstrates the research method that we use to study this topic.
  • It explains and justifies our method of data collection and analysis.
  • The method should be easiest which has obvious structure and content.
  • The method should be challenging which using as few words as possible that describe what we did.
  • It describes the context and setting of the body. It gives outline analysis methods.
  • It describes data collection, instruments, and procedures.

Results

Results present the finding of our research in orderly manner. It presents the key finding of our study with respect to central research question. It describes participants (demographic, clinical and etc.). It also presents secondary findings (secondary outcomes, subgroups, etc.). the result suggests that something is true or not. It is true even when our results prove our hypothesis.

Discussion

It highlights any unexpected thing that came up. It comments on the findings that show our understanding of what our data suggest. It state the main finding of study. It offer perspective for future work. It analyze the strengths and limitation of the study. It discuss main results with reference to previous research.

Conclusion

We should sum up our findings and highlight the significance of the outcome of our study. It discusses the limitation of our study and indicate where further research is needed. A research paper must end with a good constrictive conclusion. The conclusion is fairly like an introduction. one or two well-developed paragraphs is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, three or more paragraphs may be required. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics.

Reference

It is the list of alphabetically all the references that have been cited in the text of report. References should consistently fallow one organizable system. All citations in the text must have a corresponding reference. There are different reference style but most common style is APA. It lists all the sources that we used in our project, so readers can easily find what we have cited. Mostly it is the last page of our project or research paper.

Appendices

It presents relevant details such as letters to participants and the organization. It presents relevant documents, e.g. repots and historical documents. It presents the detail of questionnaires, surveys, and other relevant instruments that are developed for the purpose of study. An appendix contains supplementary material that is not an essential part of the text itself but which may be helpful in providing a more comprehensive understanding of the research problem or it is information that is too cumbersome to be included in the body of the paper.

Cite this page

The Structure of Scientific Writing. (2020, Nov 29). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/the-structure-of-scientific-writing-essay

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