Symbolism has seeped into the humanistic disciplines and became an indispensable portion of literary plants and general communicating. Since the construct of symbolism is effectual in the building of a novel, both plants ; The Foreigner by A. Camus ( translated by Joseph Laredo ) and Woman at Point Zero by N. El Saadawi ( translated by Sherif Hetata ) portray the symbolic usage of Nature. The symbolic usage of nature in literature embodies the emotions and feelings of a character. The supporters, Firdaus in Woman at Point Zero and Meursault in The Outsider reciprocally use nature as a manner to show their feelings.
More abstractly, besides giving penetrations into the characters, both Firdaus and Meursault use nature to typify important events in the secret plan. Hence, by analysing the representations of nature, penetrations into many of the thoughts and images that the writers are seeking to convey are obtained. This paper will foreground the symbolic usage of nature in both novels.
Meursault devotes important attending to the different colors of the sky, the Sun ‘s beams at different times of the twenty-four hours and the beach.
In the novel, green is linked to happy minutes. This is apparent from the obscure line: “ The sky was green ; I felt happy. ”[ 1 ]Earlier in the novel, the sky was bluish and gold, and now it ‘s green. The coloring material viridity is a blend of bluish and xanthous, it mediates between heat and cold. It is reviewing, soothing and the coloring material of works life. Throughout the novel, A.
Camus illustrates that ruddy is associated with love and choler. “ The sky changed once more. Above the rooftops the sky had taken on a ruddy freshness and with flushing coming on the streets came to life. ”[ 2 ]Red is one of the most powerful colorss. It incites visions of passion and hurting, war and love. The symbolic usage of ruddy is different depending on the experiences and the civilization of an person. In African societies, the colour ruddy is linked to love and detest. It is based on the strength of these two emotions. This is besides correspondent to the Arab on the beach scene and Marie ‘s ruddy colored frock, as they both signify love and choler. The coloring material red affected Meursault biologically, as it increased his metamorphosis and sped up his external respiration.
Relatively, N. El Saadawi examines the different colors of the sky in diverse times of the twenty-four hours. “ The sky besides had undergone a alteration ; its coloring material had turned to black, like that of the Earth, and it was pressing down upon me with its added burden. ”[ 3 ]The writer has experienced this feeling one time, when she felt unloved by a adult male. The color black in the novel is seen as a cold and negative facet proposing passiveness. The alteration in the coloring material of the sky symbolizes the feeling of rejection by the huge universe. “ The sky was bluish with a blueness I could capture in my eyes. I held the whole universe in my custodies ; it was mine. ”[ 4 ]The writer came across this feeling when she met the adult male that she loved for the first clip. Although bluish is more common in western societies, bluish skies are full of optimistic significance in every civilization. The colour blue in the novel is related to freedom, strength and new beginnings. Both, A. Camus and N. El Saadawi are endeavoring to exhibit the unexpected alterations of emotions and feelings by utilizing colorss as a symbol in the novels.
Throughout the novel, A. Camus ‘ use of the Sun disputes its heat and beauty. Similarly to the altering colors of the sky, the Sun and heat are a symbol for feelings and emotions. To Meursault, the Sun has an impact on all his senses. Depending on its power, it either makes him angry, happy or resentful. The images of sunshine and heat are common throughout the novel as it is set in Algeria. There are two times when these images are important to the secret plan. The impact of the Sun on Meursault is represented early in the novel, at his female parent ‘s funeral. He was unable to believe about his female parent ‘s decease because of the glaring Sun and intense heat. At the beach, A. Camus portrays one time more the negative version of the Sun. “ The Sun shattered into small pieces on the sand and H2O. ”[ 5 ]The Sun provokes Meursault to kill the Arab. This indicates the commanding influence of the hot conditions. In malice of this, Meursault changes his position on both the Sun and his life in prison. “ I moved closer to the window, and in the last visible radiation of the twenty-four hours I gazed my contemplation one more clip. ”[ 6 ]Early on in the novel, he was introduced to the rough Sun. However in gaol, Meursault realizes that the Sun and life are warm and friendly.
In contrast, N. El Saadawi uses cold conditions as a symbol to exemplify her feelings as a character in the novel. “ The land under me was cold. The same touch the same consistence, the same bare cold. Yet the cold did non touch me, did non make me. ”[ 7 ]The writer draws cold conditions as a negative facet. In the middle-eastern societies, winter seasons portray fright, decease and stagnancy. The writer uses cold conditions as a symbol to show fear and danger when she foremost met Firdaus. In the beginning, N. El Saadawi was concerned when she sat on the cold floor in prison following to her. Although danger and insecurity were environing her, she felt safe and fearless when she sat following to Firdaus. As if the coldness and all the insecurity could non touch her or make her.
In The Outsider, H2O symbolizes alleviation, flight and peace. This is apparent from the beach scene, before the slaying occurred: “ I was believing of the cool spring behind the stone. I wanted to hear the mutter of its H2O once more, to get away from the Sun and the attempt of the adult females ‘s cryings, and to loosen up in the shadiness once more. ”[ 8 ]To Meursault, it ‘s easier to step towards the cool H2O and off from the Sun. In the novel, H2O is a symbol of regeneration, alleviation and flight ; it washes off all the guilt of the supporter. The closest Meursault comes to happiness, is in the absence of hurting from his milieus. Nature ‘s milieus are barbarous that the lone thing on Meursault ‘s head is escape and peace. Meursault ‘s urgency to get away from the uncomfortableness caused by heat initiates the slaying of the Arab.
On the contrary, Firdaus illustrates that H2O is a symbol for decease and new beginnings. This is apparent from the inexplicable line: “ On my caput I carried a heavy earthenware jar, full of H2O. Under its weight my cervix would sometimes yank backwards, or to the left or to the right. ”[ 9 ]Water has a cosmopolitan undertone of lucidity. Symbolically, it is viewed as the beginning and beginning of life itself. When Firdaus ‘ cervix dorks rearward with the jar, H2O represents heat and comfort. When it moves to the left, H2O signifies coldness, disaffection and decease. When it moves to the right, it denotes reclamation and love. N. El Saadawi embodies H2O as both, the fluidness of life and decease in the novel.