South African Education System

Education system typically refers to public schooling not private training and greater typically to kindergarten through high school programmers (Dangara 2016, p.86). Therefore, this essay focuses on the differences and similarities of the Nigerian and South African education gadget. However, an academic device differs from united states of america to country particularly because of historical background and financial reputation. The primary factors that we can be specializing in is; scarcity of sources, poverty, educational inequality, classroom size and technology.

Scarcity of Resoursec

Educational assets are all of the human and non-human substances which can be available inside the college surroundings, when the college lacks these human and non-human substances we confer with it as scarcity of sources (Dangara (2016)).

Agabi (2012) in Dangara (2016) discovered that, the government provided inadequate and uneven assets for the operation of educational initiatives in Nigerian colleges. More so, because of poverty inside the country, the contribution of groups and families to educational establishment is trivial. Therefore, the excellent opportunity is to use the available sources carefully and those include textbooks, projectors, libraries, school rooms and equipment.

This is due to the fact if a given resource is effectively used, more services are provided through balanced utilization and good enough preservation of the to be had centers.

Similarly, South African public schools still face a massive task of lack of non-human resources in colleges. This is also because of the poor administration of the available resources or its misuse. Furthermore, the government is constantly failing the South African public colleges because it offers minimal or no teaching-learning sources in schools.

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This includes brief-staffing, scarcity of textbooks, lack of coaching-learning aids, and shortage of classrooms and so on.

One of the maximum resources in faculties is toilets, faucet water, and electricity. Nigeria keeps to stand shortage of these types of aid. Inadequate sanitation can route a very uncomfortable environment for beginners particularly girls, and consequently cause several drop-outs.

In line with UNESCO Institute for facts (2016) 52% of Nigerian schools do now not have lavatories. this is negative to the learning environment due to the fact this lack of sanitation facility will decrease gaining knowledge of environment. Furthermore, it’s far a danger to learner’s fitness and for this reason promotes absenteeism. However, South Africa indicates development on this regard because simplest 1% of South African colleges are with out bathrooms. one of the most surprising studies on the subject of training assets shows that 73.five% of Nigerian colleges do no longer have tap water at the same time as in South Africa it’s far handiest 2%.The studies also display that 65% of Nigerian school do have strength even as South Africa is most effective 5%, UNESCO Institute for facts (2011).


The idea of poverty may be very huge, but in easy phrases it refers to a scenario of lacking the primary wishes of life which includes refuge, clean food, garments and easy drinking water. Both in South Africa and Nigeria poverty is a barrier in the lecture room. In keeping with the national ballot of instructors who’re respondents to the net poll performed by groups in faculties and Public Opinion strategies, 88 percentage defined poverty as a minor, slight or extreme problem in schools. The ballot ’s consequences got here months after an analysis by means of the Southern schooling basis showed that public faculties crossed a new, widespread threshold in 2013, whilst a majority of nation’s nearly 50 million newcomers’ certified for free or decreased-price lunches, a not unusual marketplace of low family profits in faculties.

The lack of desirable pleasant schooling absolutely approach that the united states can not fully participate as employees or entrepreneurs in the economic system. This prevents them from being hired and turning into efficient people and citizens. Christine Gregoire as soon as stated that “schooling can elevate people out of poverty and into profitable careers”. Nigeria has the very best variety of kids out of faculties. In certain areas in which ladies have lower social repute, majority of mother and father send their ladies to work in markets in place of to visit schools that’s a prime thing contributing to women becoming better halves before the age of 16.

Furthermore, schools are overcrowded and unwell-ready. teachers are often untrained and now not paid sufficient. There may be additionally a poor mindset in the direction of “western schooling”, for example the institution named the Boko Harama which emerged within the late 12 months 2000 that’s translated to “Western training is forbidden” has destroyed over 2,000 colleges in Nigeria and killing hundreds of instructors collectively with newcomers.

However, South African training is going through difficulties inclusive of lack get admission to to simple services, disputes between instructors and the department of schooling which specifically impacts the newcomers. financial obstacles to investment educational applications. Underdevelopment of sure faculties mainly the ones at the agricultural areas. Racism at schools which is still a primary difficulty especially in multiracial colleges.

Classroom Overcrowding

Overcrowding in classrooms occurs while some of students enrolled in a faculty is higher than the range of students the faculty is certain to house (George 2012, p.38). Overcrowded training are normally because of lack of infrastructure which includes classrooms or by means of the lack of schools in communities consequently, in some groups you locate that there’s only one faculty and all kids are compelled to go to that college.

Teaching in overcrowded lecture rooms effects in teachers being not able to manage time and it become to be hard for them to attain the intention of completing the content material in time. Similarly In both this international locations South Africa and Nigeria, instructors are exposed to the most not possible situations where they should teach in overcrowded instructions in which you find that there are 50 learners in a category that is supposed for best 30 learners, and it come to be tough for them to implement subject. The learners under perform because of overcrowding in class and some even drop out. According to Edge et al. (2013, p.56), he confirmed that South Africa and Nigeria colleges lack fundamental equipment for conductive studying maximum mainly for science sensible lessons and those who claim to have it are coping with the vintage ones.

In differences, The 2018 statistics indicates that; Nigeria is number one in African international locations with the most envisioned populace of 181,563,000 at the same time as South Africa has anticipated populace of 54,957,000 (Harold 2018) hence, in Nigeria they’re in most cases suffering from overcrowding. In Nigeria there are 24,422,981 predicted college students enrolled in 54 434 public number one schools and three,266,780 predicted students enrolled in 7, 129 junior secondary schools and that they pay faculties at the same time as in South Africa there are 24 000 predicted college students in 412 primary schools and 36 542 estimated college students enrolled in 502 secondary school. In Eastern Cape (South Africa) it was determined that one college has one thousand three hundred beginners and a hundred sixty five newcomers in grade 3 magnificence where you find three or four learners seated in a table supposed for two. In Nigeria the ratio of scholars to certified teachers is 88: 1 this may be taken into consideration because the best motive of overcrowding in school rooms because of few certified instructors where else there are many pupils.

Educational Inequality

Educational inequality is the unequal distribution of instructional sources, which include however not limited to; school funding, qualified and experienced instructors to socially excluded groups. Measuring educational efficacy varies by united states of america or even province within the country. The academic fulfillment varies by gender. barriers preventing female’s ability to acquire an exceptional class consist of conventional mindset in the direction of gender roles, poverty and early marriage. Socialized gender roles have an effect on women’ access to training. As an instance, in Nigeria, children are socialized into their unique gender roles as soon as their parents realize their gender. Men are the preferred gender and are encouraged to engage in computer and scientific getting to know at the same time as the women learn domestic skills. Nigeria nevertheless desires guidelines that encourage educational attainment for women and men primarily based on advantage, as opposed to gender (Ashely et al., 2014).

Africa, in widespread, has suffered from reduced spending on higher education programs. As an end result, they’re not able to attain moderate to high enrollment and there is minimum research output. However, inside the two decades for the reason that quit of apartheid, the worldwide network has perceived South Africa to be the maximum influential country than Nigeria. but, in latest years, South Africa function as the continental energy has been challenged via rapid developing African economies along with Nigeria. typically, gender inequality in Nigeria is not a new phenomenon. In Nigeria, gender issues revolve round societal ideals and preferences and monetary elements (countrywide Bureau of Statics, 2012). Gender inequality in education isn’t approximately political propaganda. The grounds of gender inequality in Nigeria it’s miles believed that an educated women might be greater useful in the family even as traditional practices guide the options for educating the male toddler who will succeed the father and sustain the lineage. Culture and social exercise are every other for gender inequality in education in Nigeria.

Africa, in general, has suffered from decreased spending on higher education programs. As a result, they are unable to achieve slight to excessive enrollment and there’s minimal research output. However, in latest years, South Africa position because the continental power has been challenged by fast growing African economies including Nigeria.


Technology makes teaching and learning less complicated the inexperienced persons can get admission to mastering materials online. “Technology has swiftly advanced from analogue to virtual devices, requiring development of each hardware and software” (Trotman et al:2018). The usage of technology in schooling is now considered as the aggregate of both the teaching and the curriculum. Looking on the South African education based totally on generation, learners are seen visible by using the digital devices such as tablets, interactive whiteboards, overhead projectors, computers to learn and also to facilitate teaching and gaining knowledge of in faculties. Moreover, this facilitates each the learners and educators to analyze the curriculum higher and enhance their competencies and information of the idea. The beginners from extra privileged faculties are greater inventive than the ones from the less privileged, because of this the privileged learners can have easy get admission to to technological devices than folks who are less privileged. Furthermore, the geographical regions wherein the learners locate themselves in determine their accessibility as an example, learnersfrom the big towns can absolutely get matters performed than those from the townships and those from the townships can sincerely get matters performed in the rural areas.

In Nigeria, technology has improved a lot in both the public and private schools. An interest in technological class has liberated the learners will to study past their conventional education, it additionally brings about possibilities to acquire new competencies. It is proved that learners now have technological devices that they use in school rooms or schools to get entry to their learning material, this consequently makes teaching and learning more powerful and the educators as well can get right of entry to their teaching material without problems. Leraners from rural regions suffer a lot due to the fact they don’t have sufficient assets and does no longer have the important capabilities to broaden themselves, but those from the suburbs are extra resourced because they may be from wealthy families and their mother and father will pay for the whole lot. In Nigeria if you are from a negative own family you stand a risk of no longer having access to things.

In conclusion, the above noted factors namely; shortage of sources, poverty, educational inequality, classroom overcrowding and technology has been verified to be affecting instructional device in each Nigeria and South Africa negatively. Furthermore, like we have stated above that South Africa is less progressed in instructional sources because of shortage of technology and mathematics educators in preference to Nigeria is extra improved in the widespread of learning.

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South African Education System. (2021, Feb 24). Retrieved from

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