Person centred approaches in adult social care
Person centred approaches in adult social care
Person- centred approaches are an essential part involving good working practice when working with clients/ service users. Ensuring that everything to do with individual care is built around them. Also allowing them to be independent as possible and makings their own decision on how they would like to be supported. 1.2 Explain why person-centred values must influence all aspect of social care work. Person-centred values must influence all aspect of social care work because the law requires us to do so. The Human Right Act 1998, Health and Social care Act 2012 and Codes of practice for social care workers etc. By following the process of person-centred values will allow the individuals being care for feel as if. They are treated with respect has an individual
They are supported in accessing their rights
They are supported to exercise choices
Ensure they have privacy if they want it
They are support to be as independent as possible
They are treated with dignity and respect
1.3 Explain how person centred values should influence all aspects of social care work Person centred values should influence all aspects of social care work, by respecting individuals at the centre of their own care. We as care workers must focus on what the person’s needs and they want their support to be provided. Outcome 2 Understanding how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting 2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan. Finding out these information can contribute to their care plan by giving carers valuable information on how to care for the individual in better-suited way, that’s more likely to make them feel comfortable and respected as a person. For example knowing how their preference will give working the knowledge on what likes and dislikes, so will response better to their care.
2.2 Describe ways to put person centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation. You can put person centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation. For example in a situation where a service user decides he/she wants to take part b in a certain sport but their parent is against the idea. Your main focus are to: Put the priority of the service user first
Make sure the service user has the support they need in order to make choices
Make arrangements for extra support if necessary
Treat service user with respect and dignity
Services revolve around the person, not the other way round
Even in complex or difficult situations, always keep the service user at the centre. 2.3 Evaluate the use of care plans in applying person-centred values. The most important part of a care plan is the outcomes that the individual want to achieve, the care plan helps the individual work towards those outcomes. The individual should be at centre. 2.4 Explain the importance of monitoring an individual’s changing needs or preferences. It is important to monitor an individual’s changing needs and preferences because this indentifies the most important goals and services and what is needed to achieve them. This helps to makes sure we are keeping up with the service users needed and changes, for example:
Outcome 3 Understand the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support 3.1 Describe factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent. It is important for a support worker to be mindful and be considerate of the situation, because the capability to make decisions among individuals are different. It may looks quite simple to think that people with mental impairment, physical illness or people how have got language barriers, may have affect their capabilities to express agreement. A professional carer will understand how to work sensitively with service user, individually and put in place goals to achieve towards successful outcomes. The mental capacity act clearly states that every adult has the right to make their own decisions. It must be assumed that they have the capacity to do so, unless it has been proven otherwise. It also states people should be support in making their own decisions.
3.2 Explain how to establish consent for an activity or action. As an overall principle consent should be gained for all activity, even if it is something small as plumping some ones pillows, you should always gain consent. It is vital that people not only give their consent but also fully understand what they are giving consent to and the implications of this. Consent can be implied, verbal, informed or written. Gaining consent protects both the carer and the person against legal challenge. It is now common to challenge the opinions of doctors, nurses and other health workers. People have become more comfortable with the idea of being asked for their views and consent. If no consent is given you cannot proceed with the care. It is illegal to put pressure on the person and go against their wished.
3.3 Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established. It is worthwhile to repeat information again to be certain that any questions or concerns have been answered. If a service user refuses or any issues been expressed, you should record and report to your manager straight away. Outcome 4 Understand how to implement and promote active participation 4.1 Explain the principles of active participation.
Active participation is about assist individuals to have a complete and active part in every aspects of their life. This will involves making decisions about personal issues on clothing, food and living arrangements, also on the delivery of their care. 4.2 Explain how the holistic needs of an individual can be addressed by active participation. Holistic needs of an individual can be addressed by active participation.
This can be achieved by looking at the individual as hole when supporting their needs and preferences. When you look at the individual as a hole, it will give you a platform in helping the individual in achieving their goals. 4.3 Explain how to work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented. The way to work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented are by: Having discussions with individual.
Encouraging the individual using useful information.
Using friends and family to encourage them.
Highlighting the benefits of the activity.
Recognising their achievements and celebrating it no matter how small it is. 4.4 Explain how to promote the understanding and use of active participation. The way to promote the understanding and used of active participation are, to support your colleagues are on the same path when supporting the individual, the individual may having been used their care and support delivered where they had no control and little choice, so as a carer we will have to be sensitive and patients when introducing active participation. Also family members may be against the active participation approach, as they may feel the individual is vulnerable and may not make the right choices.
Its most like the family members are just trying not to protect the individual from risks, therefore don’t just jump assumptions that are being difficult but instead work the family and the individual to help get used to the new approach and the benefits it will eventually bring. Outcome 5 Understand how to support an individual’s right to make choices 5.1 Describe different approaches to support an individual to make informed choices. The different approaches to support an individual to make informed choices include: Discussion- to support an individual to question or questions decisions effecting them that are made by others.
Providing relevant information guidance from friends or family using an advocate or support service.
5.2 Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others. This depends on the mental capacity of the individual you are supporting. It is important that you must gain their permission and then you should encourage them to specify exactly as much help they need from you. Then you can offer further information, suggestions, and a plan to challenge such decisions. You could suggest to be their spokesperson if they weren’t confident enough talk, or to accompany them to any hearing or appointment. However, if the person is mentally impaired, you would have to get their signed permission to speak and act on their behalf before any health or social care workers would listen to you. As an issues of confidentiality, you either have to be next of kin, or obtain powers of attorney or guardianship. 5.3 Explain the consequences of allowing the personal views of others to influence an individual’s choices.
The consequences that could occur when the personal views of others are involved in influencing an individual’s choices. The possible consequences are: The individual might not get their preferred care, depressed and sidelined, it might affect their confidence and self-esteem, they might withdraw from making future choices etc. Outcome 6 Understand how to promote individual’s well-being 6.1 Explain the link between identity, self-image and self-esteem. Self-image is about how people see themselves and self-esteem is how people value themselves. If a person see or value themselves, lower or highly this will make up their identity. 6.2 Explain factors that contribute to the well-being of an individual. Well-being is defined as the state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy. Therefore the factors that contributes to the well-being of an individual are, being treated as an individual getting the dignity and respect like any other human being, being able to make choices, good communication, Active Participation and being able to lead a healthy life.
6.3 Explain the importance of supporting an individual in a way that promotes their sense of identity, self-image and self-esteem. The importance of supporting an individual in a way that promotes their sense of identity, self-image and self-esteem, are that if help the individual feel like a value part of society and their views and choices matters. The ways to go about this are, find out about them by reading care plans and asking them or family about them, do not judge them, listen them and their issues. Encourage them to try new things out of their comfort zone, always focus on the positives, praising their efforts and achievements. Also being patient and consistent with them by doing so their self-image and self-esteem should grow. 6.4 Describe ways to contributes to an environment that promotes well-being.
Outcome 7 Understand the role of risk assessment in enabling a person centred approach 7.1 Compare different uses of risk assessment in adult social care settings. The different uses of risk assessment in adult social care settings to an individual or other from physical or emotional have. A risk assessment is careful measures that are taken to minimise the changes of risks. The risk could happen in different ranges working tasks or activities that are undertaken. The tasks or activities could result in risks if injuries, harm, infections, emotional and physical abuse and stress. It is legal requirement for a risk assessment to be carried out. Also a risk assessment should not be done as a reason to stop people from making choices.
7.2 Explain how risk assessment relates to rights and responsibilities. Risk assessment relates to rights and responsibilities in the following ways: It is legally required by law that we as carers acknowledges any possibly risk associated with the individual being care for and that the risks are assessed and to precautions are taken. Risk assessments are done to assess the number of risks related to things such as individual’s, hobbies/interests, personal hygiene, mobility, behaviour. This minimise the individual chances of harm or injuries. The risk assessments underline the risks and give the solutions as to how to handle and prevent the risks from occurring.
7.3 Explain how risk taking relates to rights and responsibilities. Risk taking relates to rights and responsibilities are that individuals have the right to take risk, just as we take risks every day. For example going on a plane knowing there is a possibility could crash. So if an individual wants to go out into the communities alone even though we might not think cable, they have rights to do so. This is where a risk assessment can make something that might have seem unlikely become possible. Which would result in an individual having a sense of control in their life. 7.4 Explain why risk assessments need to be regularly revised. The reasons risk assessments needs to be regularly revises, are that an individual condition has improved or declined. So a risk assessment would have to be reviewed to allow them to do something that they are now cable of or to ensure their safety. Also it could the risk has been change insults of new developments.
7.5 Explain the importance of using agreed risk assessment processes to support choice. It is our duty to promote the rights and support the choices of an individual. Risk assessments provide support for individual’s to handle choices in the safest way possible. Where the individual is able to make an informed choice and still wishes to carry out a high risk decision or choice, having a signed risk assessment is one way of showing that they are aware of the risks and are still willing to take them.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 25 September 2016
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