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Laboratory Report: Rusting of Iron

Paper type: Report
Pages: 7 (1572 words)
Categories: Chemistry, Science
Downloads: 18
Views: 3

Experiment Question

In what time that each subject changes can be fully be observed b.In what time that the rustingcan occurred be fully be observed for each subjects?B.HYPOTHESISa.If you drop a nail into a tube filled with different chemicalin the exact time(HCl, NaCl, HNO3, NaOH) as well as leaving a nail exposed to open airthen there will always be a rusting that will occur because of the chemical structure of the solutions.


Rusting of iron nailis not that big of a deal well unless you are working a big companythat relates to jobs maintain the facilitywith essential and dangerous objects being you responsibility which you need to be aware of your surrounding at any given time. If youcan’t shake the feeling that if it won’t rust any time then when?And when are you going to spotthe iron nail or iron and steelbegin rusting? Is it actually observable? Rust is the common name for iron oxide.

The most familiar form of rust is the reddish coating that forms flakes on iron and steel (Fe2O3), but rust also comes in other colors, including yellow, brown, orange, and evengreen! The different colors reflect various chemical compositions of rust.It is not that you need to observe every single nail in the facility in order to keep track of their behavior if they are rusting or breaking down.

But rusting is not a disease that will struck the iron or steel any given time, rusting is a natural phenomenon that occurs when there is a presence of oxygen or any other oxidizing agents that may affect the iron nail and it will corrode time after time.Rusting is when a piece of iron is left out in the open for a certain time exposed in different substance, a film of brownish mattergets deposited on its surface called rust. Other metals may become corrodedor weaken overtimebut they do not rust. And that rust is usually accompanied by chemical change in order to start the process of rusting. This chemical reaction is called oxidation and oxidation will only occur were in the iron loses electros to the oxygen.

The chemical reaction will occur will be produces: Iron (III) Oxide (Fe2O3) is also known as Ferric Oxide or Rust, while the chemical make-up for the rust is 4Fe + 3O2 = 2Fe2O3.Although there is other type of material and substance that the research can you use in order to make this experiment happen, they stick with the iron nail because iron nails are more common and nails can easily be used in any other project mostly in engineering and so the nails will be exposed to different substances or just plain water. This experiment was conducted in order to determine when will you begin noticethe rusting of the iron nail or iron and steelwhen they areexposed incontactto the substance (HCl, NaCl, HNO3, NaOH) without interruption of exterior forces which means that it will take you time and careful observation of the experiment. Also you can perceived how they rustedin the first place, what is the process of the rusting of iron and what else affect the corrosion of the iron nailwith in the span of 7 days.


This method is used by the researcher in order to make this experiment happen even the result were observe in real time to produce the accurate answers. First, the researchers were they personal protective equipment i.e. lab gown and gloves. Then the provided laboratory equipment like the test tube racks, test tubes, watch glass and also the nailsand sandpapersthat had been assigned to them was carefully place on the flat surface to ensure safety. Third is the researcher fill the each one of the test tubes with the solutions that was provided to them with approximately 5 ml but the researchers had use 8 ml to make sure that the whole iron nail was submergeproperly solutions in each test tubes.After filling the test tubes with the right amount of solution the iron nails is place accordingly at same time inside each test tube containing different solution and another place in the watch glass. It was process that wayso that the state of the iron nails are similar to one another and the difference is easily recognizable, and so the researcher started to observe and list down on what is happening to the nails time after time on the sheet that is assigned to them, the sheet includes the time, day, pH level, and the description of the subject.E.ResultHClpH level-0AirpH level-N/ANaClpH level-5.2NaOHpH level-13.2HClpH level-13.2HNO3pH level-0.1


So in our experiment we can carefully seethat there is changes to the subjects exposed in their solution we cannoticethatprior to the time that they were submerge in the solutions. But the experiment perform is excellent in our case because we only tryto find out when is the time that we can actually fully observed the changes in each of the nails that were soaked in different solutions.If we want to finish this topic already we can. Because we already found our answer to the question but wait, because in the first hour there are only 2 subjects that shows significant reaction to the solution that we they are exposed in and that is the HNO3 (Nitric acid) and HCl (Hydrochloric acid) these two did react but they did not rust, as for the other 2NaOH(Sodium hydroxide), and NaCl (Sodium chloride) the changes are hardly notice in under an hour of exposure to their solutions.

In the over 2hours of the elapsed time, the nail that is soaked in HNO3has the most drastic changes that occur because the color of the solution changes and the surface and bottom of the nail was darkened and some bubbles are present. While the HCl have the most bubbles being produced even from the very start in 3 hours its started to change the color if it’s solution while fumes are still occurring in the nails and solution. NaCl on the other hand changes in color bot mostly observe to be at the bottom. NaOH after 3 hours still have no changes.After a week that the nails were still submerged in their solution from the beginning of the experiment HCl solution is rusting, NaOH has no changes at all, HNO3 is completely covered in rust, NaCl only rusts at the bottom of the solution and the nail itself is rusting, and the nail that is exposed to air is starting to rust.There were two acid solutions involved, HNO3 and HCl. Their Chemical reaction are as follows:Fe(s) + 2HCl(aq) FeCl2(aq) + H2(g)Fe(s) + 4HNO3(aq)?Fe(NO3)3 + NO2+ 2H2OThese two acids as observed in the data, they corrode faster than the other solution. That is because these two solutionshave 0 pH level. Even from the start we already saw their changes but it is notthe onlychanges that the researchers are looking for but also the rusting of iron.

Although only HNO3 (Nitric acid) and HCl (Hydrochloric acid) arethe the most reactive in the beginning of the experiment the NaCl (Sodium chloride) started to rust only in 4 days as well compare to the NaOHwhich both of them are supposed to not have any reaction into their iron nails. If we only been giving time we might see the rusting of NaOH which impossible because we are only limited in time. But in the end we managed to answer our question.


In what time that each subject changes can be fully be observed b.In what time that the rustingcan occurred be fully be observed for each subjects?*HNO3-less than 1 hour changes can be observed. In just 4 days rusting occur.*NaOH-No change occurs in a week time.*HCl-less than 1 hour changes can be observed. I*NaCl-3 hours color of solution changes and some bubbles appear. In 4 days rusting occurs*Air-in a week rusting started to appear.We can see in these summary that the reaction of other subjects were very much faster because of their pH levels and other subject were able to show their result in longer time while some other completely did not show any significant changes.

The experiment was a good opportunity to let us conduct research upon this study. So what we observe so far in this laboratory experiment of ours, we can safely say that the iron nails that were submerged in their respective solutions reacted good enough to let us see that our question were carefully answered. If this research had continue a little longer we might see some changes that may occur and more rusting of nail might pile up. We might see the one that have no reaction will have reaction in sometime in the future. If we use a different type of nail we mightsee different reactions. But despite thislimitationwe manage to successfully conduct the research given to us and answer the questions being given.In our real-world scenario, it is not just iron nails that you need to prevent or be aware of from rusting. Any material hastheir own weaknessthat may cause corrosion or break down of the materials. In engineering there are so many materials and chemicals to keep track of to work on so you need to keep them organize and away from hazards which may affect the materials structures and may cause harmful effects to the environment. ‘Some people that shines first, rust first’~Iron Nail


  1. Helmenstine, A. M. (2019, May 4). How Rust and Corrosion Work. Retrieved from (n.d.). What Causes Rust. Retrieved from

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Laboratory Report: Rusting of Iron. (2019, Dec 17). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/laboratory-report-rusting-of-iron-essay

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