Heart Dissection Lab Experiment Report

Categories: Biology


This lab experiment aimed to compare and examine the anatomical similarities and differences between a pig's heart and a human heart. By dissecting a pig's heart, we sought to gain insights into cardiac structure and function. The experiment involved identifying external and internal heart structures, including chambers, valves, veins, and arteries. Through this hands-on dissection, we enhanced our understanding of the heart's role in the circulatory system.


The human heart is a remarkable organ responsible for pumping blood throughout the body, supplying oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues.

To comprehend the intricacies of the human heart, we turn to comparative anatomy, often utilizing pig hearts as analogs due to their structural resemblance.

The objective of this laboratory experiment was to dissect and analyze a pig's heart, comparing it to a human heart in terms of structure, veins, valves, and chambers. While examining a human heart directly was not feasible, the pig's heart serves as a suitable substitute for comparative purposes.

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This dissection allowed us to identify major regions of the heart and explore its internal components, including chambers and valves. Through this hands-on exploration, we aimed to improve our comprehension of cardiac anatomy and functioning.

Materials and Methods

The following materials and instruments were used in the heart dissection experiment:

  • Dissecting tray
  • Biohazard bag
  • Probe
  • Forceps
  • Scissors
  • Scalpel

The experimental procedure included the following steps:

  1. Rinse the pig's heart to remove excess preservative solution.
  2. Identify and locate specific external features of the heart, such as the coronary artery, great cardiac vein, aorta, pulmonary trunk, superior vena cava, auricles, visceral pericardium, right and left atrium, and the right and left ventricles.

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  3. Use a probe to determine the entry and exit points of the vena cava, aorta, and pulmonary arteries.
  4. Locate and dissect the great cardiac vein by making incisions on both sides and across the top. Examine the vein with forceps for closer inspection.
  5. Perform a frontal dissection of the heart using a scalpel.
  6. Identify key internal structures, including the right and left atrium, right and left ventricles, tricuspid valve, mitral valve, chordae tendineae, and papillary muscles.
  7. Conduct a sagittal dissection of the heart using a scalpel or scissors.
  8. Examine the tricuspid valve and mitral valve in more detail.
  9. Dispose of the dissected heart in a biohazard bag and clean the dissecting tray.

Data and Results

The heart dissection provided valuable insights into cardiac anatomy and function. The examination of the pig's heart enabled the identification of all major structures, veins, arteries, valves, and chambers. Notably, the left ventricle appeared significantly larger and thicker than the right ventricle, reflecting its role in pumping oxygenated blood to the body.

Table 1: Heart Structures

Structure Location
Coronary artery Outer surface of the heart
Great cardiac vein Surface of the heart
Aorta Leaving the heart
Pulmonary trunk Leaving the heart
Superior vena cava Entering the heart


The pig's heart closely resembled the human heart in terms of its structure and organization, allowing for effective identification of key components. The examination of the great cardiac vein highlighted its critical role in coronary circulation; any blockage in this vein could lead to a heart attack.

The sagittal dissection revealed insights into the tricuspid and mitral valves, which regulate blood flow within the heart. The thicker left ventricle underscored its function as the major pumping chamber responsible for delivering oxygenated blood to the body.


In conclusion, the heart dissection experiment served as an invaluable educational tool for understanding cardiac anatomy and function. The striking resemblance between the pig's heart and the human heart allowed for a comprehensive exploration of the circulatory system. This hands-on experience provided a unique perspective on the heart's structure and function, enhancing our knowledge of cardiovascular biology.

Updated: Dec 29, 2023
Cite this page

Heart Dissection Lab Experiment Report. (2016, May 03). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/document/heart-dissection-report

Heart Dissection Lab Experiment Report essay
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