I have chosen to compare these two verse forms both written by Keats. Keats was merely 26 old ages old when he died, and wrote ‘La Belle Dame Sans Merci ‘ merely three old ages before this. He died of TB along with his female parent and brother. His brother passed off in 1919, a twelvemonth after both verse forms were written, bespeaking that the verse form may hold some significance to Keats ‘s feelings and emotions in both verse forms.
To Autumn is a verse form observing the beauty of nature in the season of fall.
It is a really sensuous verse form with tonss of strong imagination.
In “ To Autumn ” there is a really regular iambic pentameter rime strategy and there are three stanzas each 11 lines long. The regular rime strategy contributes to the composure and repose of the verse form and foreground the verse form ‘s ode like qualities, with nil but congratulations for the different facets of the season. By contrast La Belle Dame Sans merci is a narrative verse form written in lay quatrains, which are all riming pairs, It besides has a batch more stanzas that have fewer lines.
This cuts off the regularity and the harmonious feel is broken unlike in “ To Autumn. Another manner Keats splits up the beat is by utilizing caesura ( he uses a batch of elans which create intermissions and interruptions in his work.
From the start of “ To Autumn ” we see “ mists and mellow ” and “ make full all fruit ” These two pieces of initial rhyme in the first stanza assist the verse form sound appealing and run swimmingly of the lingua.
Possibly the sound made when declaiming “ mists and mellow ” could be likened to bees bombinating which would be a great manner of Keats integrating nature into a verse form about nature.
In the 2nd stanza the rhetorical inquiry “ Who hath non seen thee frequently amid thy shop? ” is asked, assisting to prosecute the reader and makes them believe about nature. I think there is a alteration in tone in the 2nd stanza from the from first. In the first we are given images of fantastic comprehensiveness that nature is conveying to objects such as “ make full all fruit with ripeness to the nucleus ” and “ plummet the Pomaderris apetala shells ” . These create a sense of accomplishment and perfectness being instilled into objects in nature and make a proud and exultant temper.
However in the 2nd stanza the temper is that of a slow moving and relaxed one. The words “ drows ‘d ” and “ sound asleep ” are used which are related to relaxation and the phrase “ sitting careless on a granary floor ” is used, proposing there is no haste about things, once more associating to the overall slow traveling temper of this stanza. “ thy soft hair lifted by a sifting air current ” is a nice phrase utilizing personification ( faning air current ) to add to the loosen uping experiencing the poet is seeking to convey. Another word that cements the slow traveling tone is “ seeping ” which keats uses to depict cyder being pressed
The 3rd stanza lists some of the the sounds of nature, but describes them in a big and laudatory manner. “ Then in a lamenting choir the little gnats mourn ” is a line that demonstrates how Keatss can turn something usually overlooked into something that catches your attending and makes you appreciative about it. He does this by depicting the gnats as a choir, a group that represents disciplined order and endowment. He describes them as a wailful and says that they mourn, by depicting them as holding so much emotion it helps us to gain that they are complex and are purposeful. Keats besides uses an interesting apposition “ soft death ” on the 3rd line of this stanza to depict the twenty-four hours, soft suggests composure and gradualness, nevertheless decease is the at hand terminal.
I think Keats wants us to appreciate the sheer beauty of nature in this verse form, and his purpose is to do us believe every bit strongly as possible that this beauty around us is non to be taken for granted. In my head he has instilled a strong representation of his perceptual experience of nature. I think Hes done this by utilizing such great ocular and descriptive imagination every bit good as appealing to the senses. In this verse form we are bombarded with mention to on sense or another and in the 3 stanzas every one of the five senses are mentioned, “ clammy cells ” immediately remind you of touch whereas the “ smoke of poppies ” draws you to conceive of the odor in your ain caput, all the mentions to these senses build a stronger image in your caput of the picture Keats is seeking to paint.
Keats creates strong imagination in this lay and focal points on every sense, we have sound- “ they cried ” and “ sweet groan ” , gustatory sensation – “ sweet gusto ” , smell “ fragrant zone ” and a transition that brightly describes the adult female ‘s beauty – “ Full beautiful-a fairy ‘s kid, Her hair was long, her pes was light, And her eyes were wild ” this creates a perfect image of the adult female ‘s beauty, possibly the fact she is a fairy ‘s kid heightens her good expressions as this image could non be achieved by a normal human being.
Keats uses the metaphor “ on thy cheeks a attenuation rose ” , this uses flowers ( conveying nature into it ) to demo how his cheeks are rose-colored, but are melting merely like a rose, this could intend that the life is run outing from the adult male. “ one see a lily on thy forehead ” is another metaphor that brings attending to his pale brow through the usage of flowers. As the storyteller is utilizing these footings about the knight it could convey a hint to his personality, person fond of nature possibly? Throughout the lay we see infinite illustrations of the word natural state being used, “ eyes were wild ” , “ I shut her wild, wild eyes ” and “ honey wild ” this repeat shows the relation or association the poet wants to give the verse form to nature.
In this poem nature reflects the place of the knight, nevertheless in “ To Autumn ” nature is personified in a much more positive manner and Autumn is personified as being “ close bosom-friend of the maturating Sun ” which shows it ‘s friendliness in that it is cabaling with the Sun. The metaphor “ sometimes like a gleaner 1000 dost support ” is used and Autumn is besides personified to hold “ thy hair soft-lifted by the sifting air current ” and to be person who “ watchest the last seepages hours by hours ” . In-fact the whole 2nd stanza is an drawn-out personification of Autumn transporting out loosen uping activities related to the restful nature of the season.
The tone of this verse form is really exanimate with a really glooming ambiance, the knight is described as being Haggard which shows fatigue and he is “ pallidly lounging ” which shows he has no intent about him or what he will make, this adult females has made his life worthless with no way. The landscape is barron and perchance the season of winter as “ no birds sing ” . Authenticity of a medieval timezone is besides added by old fashioned spellings such as “ fairy ” alternatively of faery.
As we know, both verse forms are about nature although the manner in which all life has been sucked out of the knight shown by the description that he is “ pallidly lounging ” and how Keats shows the desolation and cold of the state of affairs by depicting warriors as “ decease picket ” with “ starved lips ” . He besides describes the scenery as “ cold ” and “ the sedge is withered from the lake ” . This desolate and stray feel is in complete contrast the manner the surrounding in “ To Autumn ” is teaming with life and fruit is filled with “ ripeness to the nucleus ” . With everything making it ‘s full potency with the aid from the seasons. An illustration of this is the manner that he writes that “ summer has o’erbrimmed their clammy cells ” . To Autumn ” has much more congratulations and descriptions of the beauty of nature.
In “ The Belle Dame Sans Merci ” I think Keats ‘ purposes are to demo possibly how the naivete of falling into love could stop with such unwanted effects with no manner out ( particularly when they do n’t love you every bit much as you love them ) . In the verse form the knight ‘s letdown would be less terrible if he did non believe from the beginning of their matter that the faery kid loved him in equal step. She appears to fall in love with the knight merely as he is falling for her. The expression she gives him in line 19 and her “ sweet groan ” might be read as marks of her love, and the nowadayss she gives him are farther cogent evidence they are every bit balanced in their feelings for one another. She even takes him back to her place, her “ fey grot, ” and makes him experience comfy. It would be natural for him to presume she is every bit interested as he is in go oning their relationship when he awakes. However you ca n’t be certain the knight ‘s intense feeling when he finds his lady gone is caused chiefly by the loss of her. It could be that he is enduring from the dissatisfactory decision that she ne’er truly loved him every bit much as he thought she did. By the terminal of the verse form he clearly feels entirely, but he does non demo any hatred toward her. The lone clues the verse form gives about whether or non the lady may hold felt love for the knight semen from the people who visit the knight in his dream and state him the lady is remorseless, that she has no clemency, Them coming to him besides suggest she has done it make them earlier and he is another individual to hold fallen into her barbarous trap.
To Autumn is an illustration of an Ode as it is addressed to person and written in stanzas. La Belle Dame Sans Merci apart from the obvious difference of a Gallic rubric contains all the necessary elements of a Ballad ; it is a quatrain with the 2nd and 4th line of each stanza rhyming and has much shorter lines. Besides Autumn is written as an reference to a season while La Belle Dame Sans Merci is a duologue.
A similarity is that the two verse forms portion a common scene, this being fall. Equally good as the giveaway from the rubric in To Autumn Keats writes about the landscape – “ With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eaves tally ” and “ … still more, ulterior flowers for the bees ” , two infusions from the first stanza which describe Autumn. In La Belle Dame Sans Merci besides in the first stanza it says “ The sedge has wither ‘d from the lake ” which is an scenario that happens in fall.
Another common characteristic is the poems sensualness, as both use descriptions associating to all the senses. This is built-in to the ambiance as the sensualness makes the scene and events so much more reliable in the readers mind. This nature and sensualness are really closely linked in both verse forms, everything to make with the senses is natural. However there is a difference in the manner nature is referred to in La Belle Dame Sans Merci. because there is a peripetia, the fairy who is most natural thing in the lay and who has given the knight so much pleasance sucks the life from him when he least expects it “ And there she lulled me asleep ” . The fairy that has seemed to give life and personify nature is the same 1 that took away life from the knight.
There are besides many contrasts between the two verse forms of Keats. The tone of the verse forms are really different. To Autumn is rich, positive, happy and praising the goodness of life and nature. La Belle Dame Sans Merci is enchanted nevertheless really sad and desolate. To Autumn is full of long wholesome words with many syllables overstating the fulness, like “ fecundity ” , “ sifting ” and “ conspiring ” . Equally good as these Keats utilizations hyphenated words – “ bosom-friend ” , “ soft-lifted ” and “ half-reap ‘d ” . These words add to the rich feelings and complex construction of the verse form and interrupt the beat up as I said earlier. La Belle Dame Sans Merci is written in a much simpler direct manner utilizing many short monosyllabic words – “ And no birds sing ” or “ And her eyes were wild ” . This makes the poem really crisp and rough, with to the point phrases. When you read To Autumn it has to be read easy to taste the big description Keats is making, but La Belle Dame Sans can be read rapidly to maintain up with the gait of the narrative being told.
In “ To Autumn ” throughout the verse form the season is bit by bit altering. “ The bees think warm yearss will ne’er discontinue for summer has o’evbrimm ‘d their clammy cells ” indicates there are still some features left of summer, but subsequently on in the verse form it says that “ the ruddy chest whistlings from a garden croft, bespeaking the reaching of winter. This motion through the season is relaxed and will reiterate every twelvemonth. This could associate to how Keats was cognizant of his oncoming decease but was unagitated and accepting of it, shown in the relaxed feel of this verse form. Possibly Keats ‘ lay was an opposite point of position, demoing how he felt he was trapped in a topographic point and loitering until his decease?
Or possibly the two verse forms could both bespeak different things in his life. In La Belle Dame Sans Merci The verse form itself could be a metaphor for events in Keats ‘ ain life. Keats had late lost a brother to TB and he himself was. “ … a lily on thy forehead ” and “ … on thy cheeks a attenuation rose ” , both these lines could be interpreted as symptoms for the disease. “ La Belle Dame ” may ( or may non ) be mentioning to a adult female Keats met who distracted him, from his career, and as he was in such a bad province she could be blowing what small clip left he had on the word. Autumn could so be some of his work she was deflecting him from, the work praising the universe and pulling attending to the beauty that was appreciated by him as he knew he would lose it so much.
In decision the two different manners of composing poesy ( the Ode and Ballad ) which would usually be so different are made similar in many ways by what Keats has added to them, he has added his touch and it is these personal characteristics that run through both verse forms which links them and makes them exciting.