World War I
World War I
World War 1 was the beginning of the development and first uses of many different kinds of technology, which would, in time, be of great use. These were created primarily to outdo the enemy countries on the other side of the battlefield, so in turn, they would have the upper hand in the war and could potentially defeat their enemies permanently, winning the war. Many countries based their technological developments off of the opposing sides. Weapons were also created in order to have a more ideal way of fighting against other countries high-tech advances.
For the most part the technological advances during World War 1 included the use of air warfare, the use of tanks, and sea warfare. Air warfare, was a large part of the important advances in World War 1, because of planes being deployed on far larger scales during this time. They needed air crafts fit for the different battle situations while the fighting occurred. A commonly used air craft used around this time and years before were tethered observation balloons. These were air craft balloons used for enemy intelligence spotting, along with artillery potting as well.
They were previously used in the time of the French Revolutionary wars, but reached their peak of usage during World war 1. Aeroplanes; or Airplanes were all so of large use while World War 1 was happening. They were originally introduced to the military at the outset of the war. Aircraft technology was quickly and relentlessly developed to produce machines capable of serving each country initially in reconnaissance missions(FirstWorldWar) recon, being another word for scouting.
Exploring, or scouting was a very important tactic in which opposite sides of the war could spy on enemies, in order to gain more information about them, along with the fact that exploring would help them discover new features of the environment they were currently located in. When it came to planes, and their jobs, there were different planes depended on to complete certain tasks. For example, there were Fighters, Bombers, and Ground-attack planes. Fighter planes were designed primarily for Air-to-Air combat during large battles, where planes armed with missiles and other artillery would gun each other down.
While Bombers and Ground-attack planes were used to attack ground and sea targets, Ground-attack planes being stronger and with more precision. Another great attribute to World War 1’s new technological advances were tanks. Tanks were initially created as a solution to the brand new, and largely used tactic of Trench Warfare. Which was used for the most part on the western front. The very first prototype was called the Mark 1 Tank, and was tested for the very first time on September 8, 1915 for the British army.
This tank was used to break down the dominant use of trenches and machine guns across the battlefield. Tanks were originally viewed as just armored vehicles, like those of other countries that were created not long before, but in actuality their real purposes were disguised. Tank’s were actually able to cross enemy trenches with ease; unlike other land vehicles during this time, they were also used to resist small-arms fire from enemies, to travel across tough and uneven terrain, to carry military supplies, and to capture distinct enemy positions.
The idea of the tank originally came from a development of farming vehicles that could cross difficult land with ease by using caterpillar tracks(HistoryLearnings). The British would refer to the now known tanks, as “Land Ships”, but that was quickly changed and shortened to tanks to retain secrecy from their enemies. When it came to the usage of the tanks, British were the leaders of the development of them. While the French weren’t too far behind. The first French tank used was created 2 years after the British in 1917.
Though the British and French were expanding the use of tanks on their side of the war, Germans stuck mainly to the creation of Anti-tank weapons rather than attempting to make their own version of one. Anti-tank weapons included Ground-attack air crafts, Anti-tank grenades and self- propelled tank destroyers. Tank destroyers were armored fighting vehicles, much like those of tanks, but armed with guns or missile launchers designed to engage enemy armored vehicles. Germans felt as that this was a more ideal way to get an upper hand on the opposite sides attack plans.
The next big technological advance during this period was the expansion of Sea Warfare, or in other words known as Naval Warfare, The years leading up to the war was when naval ships had improved the most that they ever have. Mechanical techniques were used to create larger ships with larger guns and also with the use of more armor. The launch of a ship called the HMS Dreadnought, in 1906, had revolutionized battleship construction during this time. It was made by the British navy.
This new and improved type of battleship had advances of long-range gunnery; making long distance shots easier and more precise. This became very helpful, because naval battles took place at far greater distances at this point then they ever had before. Another naval craft used quite a bit were U-boats; a submarine of sorts. World War 1 was the first conflict in which submarines were a serious weapon of war. U-boats were operated by German, and typically were known as U-boats, rather than submarines, for there were differences in them.
Along with the fact that they had always been known as that, for they were German vessels used during World War 1, rather than submarines which were used by other countries, and were also used during different times in history other than this specific war. Technological advances in World War 1 played a large role in the way each battle turned out because of the differences in tactics and plans each side took in order to out do the opposing sides.
The creation of new technologies will always be an important part of the war efforts, for everything changes, new tactics are taken, and there is always the need for a new way to attack an opposing side by either their new vehicles or crafts made, even to their own new ways of fighting. In the end, all of these new advances were basically the inspiration for the weapons that are created nowadays. Technological advances will always be a part of war, as long as it is still going on, and if advances continue, then there will always be reasons or obstacles formed to force these technologies to be made.
Subject: World War I,
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 8 January 2017
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