China during the Qin and Han dynasties and the Mediterranean during the Roman Empire were similar socially and politically because they both had patriarchy, hierarchy, and a centralized government. One aspect that differed was artistically. China focused on visuals such as pictures. While Rome dealt with more three-dimensional ideas such as sculpture and architecture. Most of the civilizations that we studied thus far have some type of social class and inequality between the citizens. In both the Chinese and Roman societies, they both maintained social classes.
In the Han and Qin dynasties, the social classes were divided by philosophy. For example, Confucianism. Confucianism is the idea that people should have respect for one another and it is better to be a gentleman than just a normal person. If you were a scholar-gentry were considered to be upper classman. You would be the people governing society. Changes in social class were completely out of the question.
In the Roman Empire, they didn’t stress hierarchy.
You were either upper or a lower class citizen. You could change your rank in social class. However, one thing that they both stressed was how women were subordinate to husbands and fathers. In China, women were expected to be shy, coy, obey, and be a stay at home mother. The treatment towards women was much harsher in Chinese society that it led to internalized patriarchalism. Women started feeling as if they were inferior to men. In both China and the Roman Empire, there was a centralized government, which helped unite the people. For example, in the Qin dynasty was responsible for creating a interaction between government and culture. There were censuses done to determine the resources. The government also created an official language which was Mandarin unifying everyone.
This created a basic language which everyone could communicate in. As for the Roman Empire they unified people but it was much more or entertainment or amusement. They made stadiums, public bathes, sold cheap food, and gladiator contests. As well as festivals, ceremonies to honor the gods, and bread and circuses. This was done mostly to distract the citizens. However, they did take on other task to such ad building roads commerce (World Civilizations; page 94). One thing that was clearly different in China and the Roman Empire was the artistic aspects. In China they were more interested in art that made every detail stand out.
Their styles of art consisted of Chinese calligraphy, shapes, and symbols. In addition, they were interested in poems and stories with philosophy of Confucianism (World Civilizations textbook; page 51). While in the Roman Empire, what caught their attention was Hellenistic culture. For example sculpture and architecture. The giant monuments which had Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns. As well as constructing stadiums, domes, rectangular buildings, temples, and public bathes. The Romans didn’t really have any of their own findings. All of their art was based on the Greek culture (World Civilzations textbook; page 94). China during the Han and Qin dynasties and the Mediterranean during the Roman Empire were the same politically and socially. However, the differed artistically.