Women’s Right In India
Women’s Right In India
Indian women back then were often discriminated and they have little power and control, they are trying to legalizing this rights ” The Women’s Reservation Bill ” ,India Rape Law and the ” Womanifesto ” to help them gain more power and rights for themselves. A number of studies by humanitarian and human rights organizations, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross or the United Nations Development Fund for Women. Through these studies it has been shown how often the plight of women and the impact of war on their lives had been ignored. It is important to bring attention to these issuers and create awareness of the rights women have in these circumstances as well as present possible means to improve their situation. Women in India deserve to be treated with kindness, respect and better than man . For centuries women in India have been struggling for freedom and the right to be treated fairly. The time of Medieval India this was a “dark age” for them. The Muslims came and invaded the country and brought their own way of life.
How the Muslims treat women was very different from what they were used to. They treat women as property of their father, brother, or husband and because of that they had no power of their own. The Muslims believe in polygamy and they took any women on the street they wanted and called them theirs. They make the women cover up with veils, because of that people started to see the women as useless and burden because they had to be protected. And this was the start of how women were and are treated. ( Mapsofind.com, 1999 ) Women don’t just have health and education issues, they are also being treated very poorly. Women are abused physically and mentally. Violence towards women is a very common thing for men. This has been going on for centuries. Dowry is also one of the problem women has a hard time dealing with. Dowry is where when the woman gets married her parents give her husband gifts. The demand for them does not stop till several years after they have been married.
Just thinking about the men’s point of view gifts, no gifts no happiness. Not many family could afford a valuable, expensive gift, some family are very poor. Because of that the women get harassed and abused because the husband is not happy with her. This had led to death for many because of dowry’s ( Mapsofind.com, 1999 ). In this period of time the women cannot get divorce if she want to. If she want to get the divorce she first has to look at a couple of things. Does she have enough to survive on her own? Can your family do it? Or do they even want you back? Many families doesn’t accept their daughter back because that will make the family reputation look bad or either they just don’t have enough money for it. If you can’t do one of those options then you are stuck with your husband until either one of you die or he divorces you. ( Victoria A. Velkoff and Arjun Adlakha, 1998)
It gets worse as they get older, she cook the meals, give them to the men and let them eat. They are not allowed to ear anything until the men have finished, and when they are finished she gets the scraps or nothing. ” The Women’s Reservation Bill ” help the women’s increase participation in politics and contribute to one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, and its also help the women get one-third of the seats on local councils, known as Panchayats, are reserved for women. ” India Rape Law ” help the women who were rape can get justice, and to protect women against sexual violence in response to a brutal December gang rape in New Delhi . The law also makes it a crime for police officers to refuse to open cases when they receive complaints of sexual attacks.
This is a significant moment, the women have taken many steps forward and fight for their rights. The law also sent an important signal that India will no longer tolerate this type of behavior. ” Womanifesto ” was launched on March 8, 2014 by various activist groups asking candidates and parties to sign up to their six-point plan which called for action on education, justice and equal opportunity for women. The womanifesto is calling for education programs to end the culture gender-based discrimination and violence, laws to end violence against women. Womanifesto is a six-point plan to improve conditions for India’s women and girls. The six points are Educate for equality; make laws count; put women in power; appoint police for the people; enact swift, certain justice; and ensure a flourishing economy.
The main issues for right now is the passing laws cannot do anything if the laws are not enforced. “The law will become a deterrent when the law will be used,” Vrinda Grover, a human rights watch lawyer in Delhi, says in the Pink Gang Rebellion documentary. “When a rape survivor walks into the police station, the officer tells her, ‘you come into that room, open your salwar, and show me where you have been raped.’… So how is she going to take this battle, individually, when the entire system is structured against her?” This is the real challenge, changing the mindset, even of those that are in charge of implementing the laws,” Tavares agreed. “Until the people who are in charge of protecting women’s rights actually do that, all the good laws in the world will not make a difference. The part of the problem is that there simply aren’t enough women in Indian politics. The world’s largest democracy is also on of the worst when it comes to women’s representation, with only 11 percent of seats in the Lok Sabha ( the country’s lower house ) filled by women. ( Alice Speri )
In the current election, fewer than a fifth of candidates standing for one of the two main parties are women and the numbers go down to one tenth when other parties are included. Women campaigning in the current election have also reported abuse ( including rape and UN women has documented widespread sexual violence in politics, but an issue is barely acknowledged in India. Gender inequality is also one of the main issue in India, the position of women is still remains unequal. Women in India have long been subject to entrenched cultural biases that perpetuate the valuing of sons over daughters, who are often seen as an economic burden to families that fear high dowries and wedding costs. ( Beina Xu ) Under the Indian Penal Code, crimes against women include rape, kidnapping and abduction, molestation, sexual harassment, torture, homicide for dowry and the importation of girls. Nut critics have voiced concern over the vagueness of their definitions, particularly that of rape.
Often, perpetrators of severe sexual attacks are charged with criminal assault on a women with “intent to outrage her modesty,” an offense that carries a light penalty and is almost never enforced. For example, “eve-teasing,” a common euphemism for sexual harassment or molestation in public places, goes mostly unreported. Many analysts attribute this to a culture of complicity and the government’s weak prosecution of such assault crimes. A study by the Hindustan Times found that in the last five years, fifty-one cases related to eve-teasing in the city of Jalandhar in Punjab were taken to court, and only five people were convicted, while thirty others were acquitted due to lack of evidence. ( Beina Xu ) Put the women in power could be a solution, support the Women’s Reservation Bill and ensure that women will be represented in all councils.
Support the adoption of a Code of Conduct to disqualify electoral candidates who have committed offences of gender-related violence and end misogynist comments and behavior in the Lok Sabha. Strengthen the autonomous functioning of the National and State Commissions for Women. Make laws count, ensure each government agency produces a detailed action-plan to implement laws to end violence against women. Work with state governments to provide comprehensive service to women who are victims of violent crimes.
Create awareness campaigns among children and parents. And also ensure increased access to accountable legal aid. And lastly create robust witness protection programmed. In conclusion, Indian women back then were often discriminated due to there gender giving them very little power and control. Awareness filled the air with these issues because of the high volume of ignorance. To solve these complications many bills were passed to help these women get the equality that they deserve from the beginning. Everyone should have the equal rights regardless of what gender or race they are because everyone are born equally and they should deserve the same.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 23 September 2016
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