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All human beings are created equal yet women are not treated equally in the world. When women work, economies grow, but around the world women are paid less than men are. They only earn on average about 60% to 75% of what a man makes. Women don’t get paid for the home care work they do.. Women devote 1 to 3 hours more a day to housework than men; 2 to 10 times the amount of time a day to care (for children, elderly, and the sick), and 1 to 4 hours less a day to activities.
Women in all developing countries work more than men do and yet they have less time for education, leisure, political speaking and self-care. Gender laws affect developed and developing countries women everywhere.
Evidence shows that out of 143 economies studied, 90% of the countries had at least one legal difference which affects the economic development of women. The UN states that there are equal rights for women. Yet in many countries there is no gender equality.
Saudi Arabia gave women the right to drive in 2018. In India which is the largest democracy in the world, people still believe in dowry system where a girl’s family has to pay a significant amount during the girl’s marriage to the groom’s family. In cases they are unable to pay dowry the girl is harassed by her new family. Multiple times the girl is kicked out of the house or even murdered and that is termed as an “accident.”
A new study conducted by IWPR ( Institute for Women’s Policy Research) in US suggests that women earn 49 cents to a dollar what men earn.
.Ethnicity and gender differences create large pay gaps for minority women. In 2013 in the US for instance, “women of all major racial and ethnic groups earn less than men of the same group, and also earn less than white men.” Women are responsible for household food preparation in 85-90 per cent of cases surveyed in a wide range of countries.Women, especially those in poverty, appear more vulnerable in the face of natural disasters. A recent study of 141 countries found that more women than men die from natural hazards.
There is a lot that needs to be done. In 1947 the UN created the Commission on the Status of Women which helped draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In 1995 the Fourth World Conference on Women was held in Beijing. It was an important meeting because states agreed to the Beijing Declaration. Every 5 years there is a review. The next review will be held in 2020. In 2010 the UN created UN Women. It brought four UN organizations working to help women into one group. This organization works to help women achieve equality.
The Republic of Azerbaijan believes in promoting equality for its women. “A country without woman is destroyed and remains helpless but in the hand of woman this world will only have bliss. She will exalt humanity.” This quote from Hussein Javid, the Shakespeare of Azerbaijan gives us an idea on the current cultural, economic and social development occurring in the country. Recent elections of March 2017 which elected Mehriban Aliyeva, the first lady of Azerbaijan, to the post of Vice President. This is another step closer to creating gender equality in the Islamic nation of 9 million people in a country, the size of South Carolina.
Azerbaijan is a secular Islamic nation, which gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. So while the majority of the population is Muslims, the law is secular and protects women in the workplace. It has been culturally acceptable for women to stay at home, cook, clean, have babies and allow the man to be the breadwinner. However the government of Azerbaijan has been criticized for violation of Human rights and corruption. Media oppression is common in Azerbaijan and media people criticizing the government are arrested, which is a direct violation of press freedom. Gender gaps in domestic and household work, including time spent obtaining water and fuel and processing food, are intensified in contexts of economic crisis, environmental degradation, natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure and services.
The main causes of girls dropping out of school are financial difficulties, girls are viewed as being more vulnerable to both physical and cultural dangers, beliefs that girls have different mental abilities than boys and early marriage. The constitution of Azerbaijan now protects anyone willing to work and it is stated in the constitution that “everyone has the right to work in safe and healthy conditions, to get remuneration for his/her work without any discrimination, not less than minimum wages rate established by the state.” Statistically there are fewer women working in Azerbaijan than men and the women on average earn less than half of what the men earn. Awareness of rights is one of the tools that empower women and girls to be full participants in society and enable them to use their talents to participate in important political decision-making processes and improve their communities.
UNICEF has recommended strategies that could be implemented for the improvement of girls education, including alternative programs, interactive learning, bilingual education, scholarships, more female teachers, program-based learning and single-sex schools. One of the most popular jobs for expat women is teaching. There are a few schools, nurseries and universities that specialize in teaching the children of expats. But things are getting better and the labour law has provisions that cover women specifically. Expat women wanting to work in Azerbaijan should be familiar with these provisions and know their rights at all times.
The government of Azerbaijan needs to take steps to reduce internal conflict at political level. This results in economic and social development of the nation which helps in increasing education at all levels. This is like a food chain, if one gets affected the entire chain is disrupted. So in terms of Azerbaijan, when women are given equal rights to education, economic freedom and it will gradually result in a stable progressive nation, contributing to global economy.
I urge the nations at UN to help make elementary education for girls in Azerbaijan mandatory, free with breakfast and lunch served along with sanitary clean bathrooms. In conclusion for balanced and possible goals, women and men need the same equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities. By improving girls education, it will improve their entire family. Women with more and better education will have higher health, income and better able to help their children. All of the factors will help economies and nations grow easily. Educated girls will also help nations get out of poverty.
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