Women have been facing hardships in the workplace in the sense of getting lower salaries relative to men or having lower priority in the selection process. Moreover, I would like to highlight the discrimination faced against the women in the MiddleEast region, specifically in Lebanon. Woman was viewed as a housewife in most Arab countries, because the rate of educated women to men worldwide was 1:2 in 1999 (UNICEF, 1999). This sterotype has put the women at a competitve disadvantage when it comes to selection, salaries and promotions.
She is viewed as a worker who works till 2 p. then has some home duties and food to prepare so she is incapable of investing much time in her work. This fact is not fully mistaken, because some women have proven it to be true. On the other hand, some women are willing to invest all their time in the work even at the expense of their home duties just to accomplish their ambition and prove to society that women can also be in the lead. Fortunatly, women’s level of education have been on the rise and they were able to comprise around 40% of workers worldwide in 2005 (Jamali, Sidani & Safieddine, 2005).
It can be observed that this rate has been on the rise from 1970’s where it was very small relative to men. Now, it’s about 50% in the developed countries and ranges between 20% to 35% in the third world countries. In this paper, I want to address the discrimination faced in Lebanon against the women whether in promotion or attainment of top level postitions in any organization. I believe that women are as capable as men in handling any mangerial postion and should get the same pay because both are accomplishing the plans that are levied by top mangement to sustain a company’s profitability.
Traditionally, what the women though about was only marriage because family in Lebanon raised their women on the assumption that men should lead and women should follow. However, women are very ambitious now and are willing to forfiet or postpone marriage just to achieve their goals and objectives. Therefore, why do we still encounter discrimination in Lebanon? For instance, at the American University of Beirut (AUB), the president has always been a man and not a women. So, why not give the women the opportunity to lead the university at least once in the history of AUB.
This is a strong example of discrimination when it comes to the top level postions of this international instituation? Also, the Dean of Student Affairs has always been a guy with the secratery as a woman. In fact, most women in Lebanon are viewed as Administrative Assitants or Secratries because they are just females. In the job postings whether in Magazines or Websites, they say “preferred to be a Female”, so come on. From my perspective, I believe this is not fair for the women and they should do something about it.
If we look at the partners of PriceWaterHouseCoopers, the multinational company where I did my internship, we can find that the four partners are men. The President of Lebanon is a men, the Prime Minister and 90% of the Minsters are all men. From the listed examples, one can notice that the primary postions in Lebanon are held by men. In their paper “The gender pay gap revisited:…” Jamali, Sidani, & Kobeissi stated that: “The primary segment tends to be male dominated because of the employers’ need for stable and committed employees as well as the lingering perception that women are a high employment risk” (2008).
From my experience, I saw that women are less fickle than men. Men will always seek a better paying job because they have more demading family comittments whereas women are more satsified with their job as long as it is compensatory enough for their efforts. This proves that women are steady at staying in one compnay rather than shifiting and traveling to another job because they just need stability in their lifes. Many will say that this is ridiculous and the woman follows her husband or can back for some home duties which will make her less productive. But I say to those, this was many years ago.
Now with the advancement in technology and with the new communication and interpersonal skills, an employee can work on and off the job. Nowadays, men are searching for a working female because they are no longer able to handle the marriage costs on their own especially in Lebanon where the inflation moves double its orginal increase. Thus, women should be offered positions where they can reach high postions and have a large salary because sometimes the woman ends up spending on home costs more than the man due to her intelligence and career ablities to progress in the postion granted.