What makes an effective leader?
What makes an effective leader?
A leader is an individual who guides a community, country, or group. Alexander The great, Asoka, and Jesus are leaders who exemplify all the qualities of an effective leader. Despite hardships, these men had to over come, they ended up helping their people and their empires and showed that they weren’t pushovers. These three men got respect from their followers by means of charm and fear. They all were accepting of people who did not follow them. Asoka and Alexander expanded their empires and Jesus expanded the number of people who followed him in believing that he had a message from God. An effective leader is an individual who earns the respect of his people, who is determined and ambitious, and is tolerant of people who do not share the same beliefs as him.
An important quality in leading a large group of people is that the followers have to respect the leader. In 336 B.C.E., Alexander became emperor of Rome. Before Alexander could be respected as a young leader, he had to show that he was not a pushover. When Thebes revolted, he slaughtered the people of the city, and took the rest of the people in as slaves. No other city would revolt because of fear and respect of their leader. Asoka also gained respect in this way. When Asoka became king of the Mauryan Empire in 269 B.C.E., he had a policy of war to gain power and respect. He also made people fear him. He had a war against the state of Kalinga in which over 100,000 soldiers and even more people were killed. After Asoka had done this, the people were intimidated and scared of what else he could do. This prevented uprisings and mass disorder against thie government. Asoka made the citizens know and understand where there place was. On the other hand, Fear is not the only way to gain respect. Jesus gained respect of his followers because of the ideas that he had introduced. Around, 25 A.D., Jesus began to preach his beliefs which appealed to many people because they accepted everyone as a unity and a whole group entity. Jesus gained respect because he was a kind man who never turned his back on anyone. Alexander, Asoka, and Jesus all gained respect of their followers and this helped them be effective leaders.
As an effective leader, one should be determined and ambitious. The main ambition for these leaders were to gain followers and rule over more land so that they could spread their ideas. Alexander and Asoka, both being rulers over an empire, had to expand their land to gain natural resources. At the height of Alexander’s empire, it stretched from the kingdom of Kassander to the Mauryan Empire, to the kingdom of Ptolemy. This included many rivers, mountains, and oceans that all helped form the booming empire that Rome was in 323 B.C.E. Asoka built extensive roads to connect his empire. He had rest houses and trees to provide shade. Asoka worked to keep his empire unified, and in 232 B.C.E, when Asoka left his rule, the empire began to fall apart because the lack of a leader that wanted to unify his people. Jesus wanted to spread a message to people everywhere.
He wanted to tell people that he had a message from god. He had 12 followers in the beginning called the “12 apostles” who truly believed everything he said. These apostles got many people to follow Jesus and he began to have many followers. Since the time of Jesus, Christianity has spread all over the world, and beginning with these few 12 people, Christianity because one of the most widespread religions in the world. Being ambitious is important for a leader because a person should never have to settle. To strive for better and larger results is the purpose of being a leader in the first place and if a leader doesn’t have any goals, then hey is not a leader, but a man who enforces what has been told to him, and doesn’t make a change. The most memorable leaders were ones who were determined and ambitious.
Tolerance is a very important leadership quality. Asoka was a Buddhist who accepted everyone. He had pillars around the cities that were engraved with messages of equality between every individual. Others preached to end violence. Asoka was very religious himself but never forced others to conform to Buddhism. This shows how his concern was not to make his people more like him, but to make each of them a better person. Jesus was also a very tolerant leader. Jesus’ main beliefs were that everyone was equal to each other. This is one of the reasons why so many people followed him. In Christianity, a person is another persons “brother” or “sister”. This shows how equal everyone was. Though Jesus did preach his word, he did not force anyone to conform. Jesus just spoke his mind and people believed him. He felt that it was unnecessary to force beliefs onto people. In his eye, whether a person was Jewish, Muslim, a slave, or a noble was just a quality about the person. Deep down, everyone was the same. It is important for a leader to be tolerant of others because people will not respect a leader that segregates his people. When a leader diminishes a group of people, he outcasts them from society and this can lead to violence and anger. A leader should know his place and know that its not to force his opinions unto other people.
What happened in the past formed where we are today. If Alexander hadn’t expanded the empire to become so vast, Rome might not have become the advanced modern-day city it is now. Asoka helped expand India and created a roads system that is still used today. After the death of Jesus, Paul went on to create a religion, Christianity, which is now followed by billions of people worldwide. An effective leader is an individual who earns the respect of his people, expands to more people who follow his/her rule, and is tolerant of people who do not share the same beliefs as him. Alexander, Asoka, and Jesus all exemplify these qualities and were merited for their advances and accomplishments. An effective leader should know that whatever he does is affective and it affects everyone.