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Freedom offers people the right to make choices and act on their will. The divine laws of God were replaced with the biological, physical, and behavioral laws of nature as valued by human rationality by secular natural laws. Secular theorists believe that human nature understands moral and ethical norms by the fixed and uniform rules of nature. They base their philosophy about human behavior in the state of nature and other complex societal organizations (Hokamp, 2010) . English secular theorists argue that people have rights.
These are rights to life, property, and liberty. These rights have independence of the laws of any certain society. According to them, men are equal and naturally free as part of the justification when transferring parts of these rights to the government. Hobbes argues that men are free according to their will, reason, and desire to protect himself and his properties (Hewitt, 2006). This led to fear that people are free to make war against other people just to justify his rights.
Hobbes conveys that this fear causes people to transfer parts of these rights to the government to insure stable and comfortable lives, liberty and property. Also, Locke believes that freedom belongs to the people not to the state (Hewitt, 2006). According to him, people have the equal right to make their own choices on how to live his life. People also have the right to direct others for the good of mankind. Here enter punishments to defer men from making acts of injustice. Locke demonstrates people’s freedom from power on earth, that is, the right to self- reservation.
According to continental philosophers, freedom is a fundamental human interest. Kant believes that there is a connection between morality and freedom (jcu, n. d. ). It is supposed that being free is not only satisfying our own desire but following our rational principles. According to continental theorists, inner freedom is a rational self-control (Johnson, 2008). It enables one to control one’s emotions and passions. Freedom is not achieved by being bound by no law, but by law itself of one’s own making. References: Hewitt, J.
2006. Freedom: An Individual Choice? Retrieved June 5, 2010, http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/85498/freedom_an_individual_choice_pg3. htm l? cat=37 Hokam p, H. 2010. Concept of freedom. Retrieved June 5, 2010, http://en. allexperts. com/q/Philosophy-1361/2010/2/Concept-freedom. htm jcu. edu. (n. d. ). Kant’s Groundwork. Retrieved June 5, 2010, http://www. jcu. edu/philosophy/gensler/ms/kant–00. htm Johnson, R. 2008. Kant’s Moral Philosophy. Retrieved June 5, 2010, http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/kant-moral/