What is Research? Definition, Purpose,Typical Researchers Essay
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Research is a careful and detailed study of a specific problem, concern, or issue using the scientific method. It\’s the adult form of the science fair projects back in elementary school, where you try and learn something by performing an experiment. Research has many functions: identifying needs, highlighting gaps in provision, planning provision, informing policy or practice, extending knowledge and understanding, improving practice; aid reflection, allowing progress to be monitored and examining topics of contemporary importance.
Identifying needs are used by most health or social care professionals as research needs to be done to ensure that every individual’s needs are met.
For example, if in a care home there is a new resident, research will be done into their history to make sure that all needs are met so they may need assistance in terms of personal care. By identifying their needs, it ensures that the best care and support is given to them.
Highlighting gaps in provision
Research is completed to highlight many different gaps in health and social care settings.
For example, research that was completed showed that there was a huge gap in health and social care settings such as hospitals for the needs that were not met for those in their teenage stage. This type of research allowed more effort and support to be put in place for those in that age bracket.
This basically means which health and social care services are provided and organized as well as which settings they are involved in. Moreover, planning provision of services can be expensive as it takes many years to emerge. Those who plan these provision base everything they do on truthful, reliable data. If time is going they may commission others, which means to ask other organizations for help maybe by carrying out research or funding them for example, organizations may ask universities to carry out research for a certain topic.
Informing policy and practice
Due to research showing how certain changes can affect an individual’s health and social wellbeing, policies may be put into place, so everyone can be benefitted, for example, research shows that the elderly lice longer when in the comfort of their own homes, this has made changes such as more care in homes instead of residential care homes. This leads to certain practices being implemented in daily tasks such as: modifying care routines, changing how care teams work together, reorganizing the layout of the care space, enabling autonomy and increasing choice (health and social care book)
Extending knowledge and understanding
As society becomes more modernized this leads to a new understanding of how things work in the world we live in and it allows knowledge of things we already know to be extended. Science and technology allow new drugs and techniques to be developed, potentially helping individuals. For example, the new uprise in medicine and treatment has made it easier for ill patients to live the best possible life, like machines that regulate a normal heartbeat.
Improve practice; aid reflection
Most of the time research may be carried out to aid reflection. This means the data collected enabled reflection on the topic. For example, the data collected in a care home about the comfortability of the service user will allow the professionals to discuss any changes that need to be made based on the data that is collected. This can be collected by questionnaires or interviews with those who live in the care home. Allowing a deeper reflection into any concerns that the service users may have.
If changes occur in a setting the main point is to see the benefit of it so the progress should be monitored in order to see whether it is a benefit or not. For example, in a hospital, if a change may be made to the structure of the room things such as
•Confidential/ anonymous questionnaires can be given to patients about their opinions of whether they think there is a difference and how it may or may not benefit them.
•Staff can also be interviewed about their opinions and how they think the service users are taking it.
•Quantitative data can be gathered showing correlations an evidence on if it works or not.
•Eventually, depending on whether or not it Is effective further action can be implemented to ensure that everyone is benefitted.
Examine topics of contemporary importance
Issues from the past and new issues emerge all the time and these need to be spoken about in order for change to happen but although these talks can happen research needs to be done so the board is aware of the full extent of the issue so that everything can be tackled. For example:
•Epidemic that has happened and how to prevent this.
•Global warming and climate change.
•If euthanasia is acceptable.