Essay, Pages 8 (1973 words)
What is Euthanasia Slide So what is Euthanasia? The word euthanasia originated from the Greek words eu (well or good) and thanatos (death). According to the World Medical Association the word euthanasia means deliberate and intentional action ending a life of another in attempt to hasten death and alleviate pain. Euthanasia comes in several different forms, each of which brings a set of wrongs and rights. Here shows the different forms of euthanasia. Passive Voluntary Euthanasia is when a medical treatment is withdrawn or withheld from a patient, at the patient’s request, in order to end the patient’s life an e.
g would be turning off a life support machine . Secondly, Active Voluntary Euthanasia is when medical interventions takes place at the patient’s request to end the patient’s life. An example of this would be injecting a lethal substances or dose into the patient to end his or her life, the person who is taking action is done with compassion and without personal profit.
Voluntary Assisted Dying (VAD) is a quick and peaceful death which results from a patient taking , or administering to themselves a fatal dose of a medication. It involves a medical practitioner making the lethal substance available to an eligible patient , which the patient then uses to end their life at a time and place of their choosing. The patient is in control at all stages of the process. Voluntary Assisted Dying and Voluntary Euthanasia are used interchangeably however they are defined differently. The difference is that in the case of Voluntary Assisted Dying, the lethal medication is self administered, whilst in the case of Voluntary Euthanasia, the medication is administered by someone else, usually a doctor giving a lethal injection.
Currently, both voluntary euthanasia and voluntary assisted dying are illegal in Australia.Euthanasia worldwideThere are over 15 countries with jurisdictions to provide access to voluntary euthanasia or voluntary assisted dying for people that meet eligibility criteria. There are now close to 200 million people who lives in places with some form of legal assisted dying. In the last two years this figure has increased very dramatically. Euthanasia in Australia SlideIn the year 1995, euthanasia was first legalised in the Northern Territory but the commonwealth government overturned that legislation two years after, 1997. The Rights of the Terminally Ill Act (ROTI Act) was officially enforced in the Northern Territory on the 1st July 1996. Dr Philip Nitschke assisted in the suicide of four patients in total before the act was eventually nullified by the Australian Parliament with the Euthanasia Laws Act 1997. Since then, Nitschke has effectively been the spokesperson for pro-euthanasia activism worldwide.Euthanasia, has been the subject of much moral, religious,philosophical, legal and human rights debate in Australia. Voluntary Euthanasia is illegal in most countries around the world and was banned in Australia until the state of Victoria became the first to legalise the practice. In late 2017, the parliament of Victoria passed legislations that would make voluntary assisted dying legal for those who suffer from terminal illness and painful sufferings. However, that legislation will take effect from June this year. This legislation however only applies to terminally ill patients of sound mind and a life expectancy of less than six month. Propaganda Slide (Dying with Dignity) In 2014, Senator Richard Di Natale of the Australian Greens referred the exposure draft of the medical services ( Dying with dignity)bill 2014, this reference was particularly referred and to recognise the right of a mentally competent adult who is suffering intolerably from terminal illness to request a medical practitioner to assists medical services to the person to end their life. It also granted immunity from liability in civil, criminal and disciplinary proceedings and an appropriate framework and safeguards to do so. To persuade the public dying with dignity is for people to feel comfortable and not hesitate or be afraid of death with legal injects or dose. It informs medical professionals and doctor and the general public that euthanasia can be done safety and follow procedure and safeguards and protected by the changes in the law so that doctors are not liable for criminal prosecutions.When palliative care is no longer an option and treatment has failed time and time again, the option to choose the good death should remain open at all times. Despite slight possibilities in a lack of responsible actions taken in the name of euthanasia, the act itself will always be a personal choice, based on the amount of suffering one will allow oneself to go through before one must give in. Others should respect that the decision to end one’s life is our right to choose. Propaganda and tactics used slide Propaganda and tactics used by pro euthanasia supporters to win the public support and political representatives to legalise euthanasia are as follows:o Coordinated effort using politicians and pro euthanasia groups (Operation TIAP) Terminally Ill Act Petition. to increase community engagement and voice their support in parliament through introduction of billso The media and propaganda plays a vital roleUsing media to inform and increase awareness on the issue which are openly discussed and debatedo Using billboards, posters to advertise polls and survey results that the majority of Australians support the legalisation of euthanasia. About 85% of people are ready to except change.o Using of petitions to demonstrate widespread support of bills introduced (ie The Rights of The Terminally Ill Bill) and newspaper ads to stress that it’s the responsibility of the members of parliament to represent their electorate’s wishes.o Using worldwide examples from countries that already legalise euthanasiao Scholars, medical professions, and patients to share research, discussion papers and view on the issueSetting of political party such as Voluntary Euthanasia party as a political outlet for the support of voluntary euthanasia. The party will push for the legislation of voluntary assisted dying in NSW and other states in Australia. Not only that but to show the support from the christian community, nursing profession, Dying with dignity NSW, Go Gentle Australia and Doctors for Assisted Dying Choice.The Peaceful Pill Handbook Slide The first text type I chose is a book which was originally published in the U.S in the year 2007 and was written by two Australia doctors, Philip Nitschke and Fiona Stewart called The Peaceful Pill Handbook’.This book provides research and information on voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide for the elderly, those who are terminally ill and their family and friends as well as folks who wish to be organised and in control of their future. It provides practical information about end of life and strategies such as prescription drugs, gases and poisons that does not require medical supervision as well as options for foreigners in Switzerland where voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide are allowed. The Peaceful Pill Handbook series is published into two formats the online edition which is called the peaceful pill eHandbook and the printed edition (the book) The online edition is updated six times a year, ensuring the readers have access to the most up to date on important information on voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide developments globally and the printed edition is updated from year to year. The author uses the term euthanasia and assisted suicide’ to mean a rational adult’s ability to determine their own end of life choices, usually in the context of old age and serious illness such as cancer. An example would be is that Dr.Nitschke most recommended suicide method is that it involves drinking pentobarbital, a drug that Mexican veterinary drug stores sell (illegally) without prescription if taken in high doses, this causes death by respiratory arrest.This gives the audience a feeling of urgency to start considering that dying well and at a time of one’s own choosing is a fundamental human right. It is our right to choose not something that should be given away or delegated to the medical professions. 2nd Text Type This advertisement was made by Exit International Exit International is a leading end life choices information and advocacy organisation. This organisation is unique in the right to die movement globally through that Exit represents a human right approach to a person’s right to determine whether or not they choose to die. This ad is quite powerful and an effective ad that it gets the audience hooked and begin to understand what the message of the ad is trying to promote. The aim of this ad is to try and convince the government that our choices are our human rights, we’ve made our decisions why is it that you cannot accept it. I’ve made my final choice. I just need the government to listen. “I didn’t choose to starve to death because eating is like swallowing razor blades,” he says in the ad, it clearly indicates that life isn’t the way it use to be and that he cannot be living like this anymore. The ad shows a family member having to look after him most of time, he feels as if though being terminally ill is not only affecting you but those who you are surrounded by. He wants to die peacefully so that he won’t be a burden to anybody else. The camera angle is shot directly on the man speaking. He reflects on the choices he has made throughout his life and then said he didn’t choose to be terminally ill. At the end of the it uses statistics 85% of people support voluntary euthanasia. It lets people have a say or a voice of concerns to the government. This shows that the audience that there are people out there in Australia who do support voluntary euthanasia and it influences you in different ways. It influences you to think that this cause should be taken into more consideration, as voluntary euthanasia is a worldwide controversial topic, and it is important. It makes you feel for this person and for people who suffer from pain and being terminally ill and not being able to have the right t choose your own death. The government is to be blamed for this. The use of statics provides a quantitative, objective and persuasive platform on which to base an argument, prove a claim or support an idea. And in this case is prove a claim and support an idea. It gives the audience a feel of sadness and remorse and gets them thinking about how they can help support. We’ve made our decisions, it’s time for the government to choose. ConclusionWe need to put ourselves into the shoes of those who are suffering. When attempts to treat and cure people are no longer an option, shouldn’t euthanasia be a right that every human being should have regarding their own body and to have their decision respected? It would give great peace of mind to someone who has found out that they are terminally ill, knowing that they had a choice that is compassionate and dignified. Was this campaign effective? The euthanasia campaign in Australia shows disconnection between opinion polls, which report strong public support for a change in the law on the issue, and legislative outcomes. There has been strong opposition to law reform on voluntary euthanasia. However,the campaign to legalise the practice of voluntary euthanasia still continues and has gain momentum as seen in the State of Victoria has pass the law to legalise euthanasia effective in June 2019. This shows that the campaign has been successful and hopefully other states would follow and reform the law in the new future. The campaign for legalising voluntary euthanasia is gaining momentum in the rest of the world especially in European countries as Netherlands, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium and America where people are increasing have access to legal assisted dying. Euthanasia will always be in existence, now it is merely a choice of making it acceptable or unacceptable as far as the government is concerned.