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What is Diabetes?

Categories: Diabetes

Purpose: To inform my audience members about diabetes, the complications of diabetes, and what they can do to prevent diabetes from happening or how they can manage and maintain a healthy lifestyle if they are currently living with diabetes.


  1. Show of hands, how many of you know someone who has diabetes? Need/Connection
  2. According to the National Diabetes Report, 2014 from the centers for disease control and prevention, nearly 29.1 million people in the United States have Diabetes Speaker Credibility
  3. Almost all of my family are now currently living with diabetes, and one of them is my mom, she has type 2 Diabetes and having to see her inject herself with insulin every day and have to watch her not being able to eat all the food she wants is tough since she always has to watch how much sugar she intakes.

    Topic and Main Points

  4. Now, although some of us may not all have diabetes, diabetes is the fastest growing disease in the country, and is also one of the top ten leading causes of death.

    Today I will speak to you about the types of diabetes, complications of diabetes, and steps you can do to prevent yourself from this disease or ways to keep your diabetes under control. Transition Statement

  5. I will begin by informing you all on what exactly diabetes is, and the types of


What is diabetes?

According to the Joslin Diabetes Center; diabetes is defined as a disease in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose.

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Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. And a person with diabetes cannot absorb glucose properly, and glucose stays circulating in the blood damaging tissues over time.

Types of diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: Formally known as juvenile diabetes, which is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes is where the body does not produce any insulin, and people who have type 1 diabetes must take daily injections or pumps to be able to survive on a day to day basis. II. Type 2 diabetes: Formally known as adult-onset or non- insulin dependent diabetes, type 2 is much more common than type 1. Type 2 diabetes is where not enough insulin is produced, and people with type 2 diabetes will need to take either medication or insulin to help regulate the insulin in their body.

Gestational Diabetes: According to the Baby Center Medical Advisory Board when the body needs additional insulin, the pancreas dutifully secrets more of it, but if your pancreas can’t keep up with the increased insulin demand during pregnancy, your blood levels rise, eventually resulting to gestational diabetes. Most woman with gestational diabetes don’t remain diabetic after the baby is born, but the women are at higher risk for getting it again during a future pregnancy and for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Transition Statement

Keeping diabetes under control can reduce the risk of having future complications

Complication of Diabetes

I. There are many risks and complications with diabetes that are serious, and can sometimes even result to death. Just to give a couple examples: heart disease, nerve damage, amputations, and vision problems. II. According to the World Health Organization diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. 50% of people with diabetes die of cardiovascular disease.

Transition Statement

There are many complications associated with diabetes that can be very scary, and life threating. But there are many steps you can do to keep your diabetes under control or prevent diabetes from entering your lifestyle. D. What we can do to maintain/prevent normal blood sugar levels. I. For those who are currently living with diabetes you can take some measures to keep your condition in line by exercising regularly, eating healthy, and taking medications instructed by your doctors. II. For those who don’t have diabetes we can take preventative measures to stop diabetes from happening to us. Although it may tough to stay away from all those sweets, once in a while we can make some healthy eating choices and increase our physical activity.

Transition Statement

By better understanding of what diabetes is, and becoming knowledgeable on the consequences of diabetes we can prevent it or still maintain a healthy lifestyle while living with diabetes.


Diabetes is an incurable disease that affects a large amount of people today, but if we are well informed we can make smart decisions. There is no real cure for diabetes, but those who are diagnosed with it can still live a long healthy life if they take care of themselves. To better understand diabetes we need to recognize the types of diabetes, and realize the steps we can take to prevent and maintain this disease.

Works Cited

  1. “Gestational Diabetes: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment.” BabyCenter. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2014.
  2. “What Is Gestational Diabetes?” American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2014.
  3. Translation, Division Of Diabetes. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014(n.d.): n. pag. Web.
  4. “National Diabetes InformationClearinghouse (NDIC).” Diabetes Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2014. Large squirrel 556

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What is Diabetes?. (2016, Sep 02). Retrieved from

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