What do children learn from observing behavior Essay
What do children learn from observing behavior
Many of us have seen an angry person. Anger is a form of depression where the person focuses negatively on the outside world, thinking they have been treated unfairly. Therefore one state of anger could be Road Rage, which is the aggressive behavior by a driver of a car or any vehicle. We ride in the car since we are children. Moreover, we learned how to drive by watching our parents and other drivers’ aggressive aspects of road etiquette. As a result, you can watch the behavior and actions of others and learn from their experiences. “Observational learning; a form of cognitive learning in which new responses are acquired after watching others behavior and the consequences of their behavior”(Zimbardo, Johnson, Vivian McCann 2012,p.160). Anger manifests in many kinds and situations that happen every day, so in this time I want to focus my attention on Road Rage behavior, which brings rude gestures, verbal insults, inattentive driving, altercations and assaults. Accordingly, some aspects of road rage behavior may be considered as biological or organic, but I consider this kind of behavior as learned behavior by imitation because “Children will imitate aggressive behaviors they have seen on television or in video games, exhibiting up to seven times more aggressive acts than children in a control condition-even when the models are merely cartoon characters (Anderson et al., 2007; Boyatzis et al., 1995).
Even though the TV is a source of information and entertainment, if it’s uncontrolled and unregulated the learning that results can be positive and negative. For example when kids watch sporting events on television and the professional athletes are getting into a fistfight on the field, then they have learned that this kind of aggression is the way to resolve problems. Not only by watching TV children imitate behavior of others, but also by watching their parents when they exhibit it. In an instance of driving, a woman with her daughter were waiting for a parking space in a parking lot when the car when were waiting for pulled out, another car from the other direction pulled in. In response, she ran her car into the rear end of the other car, and then she backed up and repeated it until she pushed the car out the parking space. Finally she and her daughter got out of the car and walk away. Consequently, the daughter was watching her mother’s response to a frustrating situation. This was in full view of cameras, which didn’t show any remorse, fear or regret and no indication that the behavior was anything but acceptable. In conclusion, some behaviors don’t require reinforcement or instruction but will be picked by observation and imitation. Driving is skill that has to be taught and learned but etiquette and the attitude don’t have to be taught but will be learn through observation and imitation.
Psychology: core concepts, Seventh edition by Philip G. Zimbardo, Robert L. Johnson, and Vivian McCann.