What are the Big Five Personality Test Traits?

What Are the Big Five Dimensions of Personality?

Today, many researchers believe that they have five basic personality traits. (1) Evidence for this theory has grown for many years, beginning with research by DW Fiske (1949) and subsequently expanded by other researchers including Norman (1967), Smith (1967)), Goldberg (1981), Macri and Costa (1987) . ). The “Big Five” are broad categories of personality traits. While there is a large body of literature supporting the five-factor personality model, researchers do not always agree on the exact designations of each dimension.

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You may find it helpful to use the abbreviation OCEAN (openness, pronoun, openness, acceptance, and nervousness) when trying to remember the five main characteristics. CANOE (for conscience, complacency, nervousness, openness and reflection) is another commonly used acronym.

It is important to note that each of the five personality factors represents a range between two parties. For example, diastole is a continuum between intense extroversion and introversion. In the real world, most people fall somewhere between the polar ends of each dimension.
These five categories are usually described as follows.


This feature has properties such as imagination and insight. People with a high profile in this feature tend to have a wide range of interests. They are curious about the world and other people and are eager to learn new things and enjoy new experiences.
People who are high in this feature tend to be more adventurous and creative. People who are low on this feature are often much more traditional and May struggle with abstract thinking.

  • High
  • Very creative
  • Open to trying new things
  • Focused on tackling new challenges
  • Happy to think about abstract concepts
  • Low
  • Dislikes change
  • Does not enjoy new things
  • Resists new ideas
  • Not very imaginative
  • Dislikes abstract or theoretical concepts


Standard features of this dimension include high levels of thinking, good impulse control, and goal-oriented behaviors.

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People with a clear conscience tend to be organized and attentive to detail. They plan for the future, think about how their behavior will affect others, and realize deadlines.


  • Spends time preparing
  • Finishes important tasks right away
  • Pays attention to detail
  • Enjoys having a set schedule


  • Dislikes structure and schedules
  • Makes messes and doesn’t take care of things
  • Fails to return things or put them back where they belong
  • Procrastinates important tasks
  • Fails to complete necessary or assigned tasks
  • Extraversion

Flatness (or flatness) is characterized by excitement, social contact, speaking, firmness and high amounts of emotional expression. People with a high rate of extroversion are open and tend to gain energy in social situations. Being with others helps them feel energized and excited.
Low-rise (or introverted) people tend to be more conservative and have less energy to spend in social environments. Social events may feel draining, and introverts often require a period of isolation and calm to ” recharge”.


  • Enjoy being the center of attention
  • He loves to start conversations
  • Enjoy meeting new people
  • He has a wide social circle of friends and acquaintances
  • You find it easy to make new friends
  • Feel the energy when other people are there
  • Say things before thinking about them


  • Prefer isolation
  • He feels exhausted when having to mix with a lot
  • He finds it difficult to start conversations
  • He hates making little talk
  • Think carefully about things before you talk
  • He hates being the center of attention


This personal dimension includes features such as trust, altruism, kindness, emotion and other realistic behaviors. People with a high degree of acceptability tend to be more cooperative while people who are low in this trait tend to be more competitive and sometimes manipulative.


  • He has a great deal of attention to others
  • Cares about others
  • Feel sympathy and concern for others
  • Enjoys helping and contributing to the happiness of others
  • Help others who need help.


  • Takes little interest in others
  • Doesn’t care about how other people feel
  • Has little interest in other people’s problems
  • Insults and belittles others
  • Manipulates others to get what they want


Neuroticism is a characteristic of sadness, mood, and emotional instability.
Individuals with a high incidence in this feature tend to experience mood swings, anxiety, irritability and sadness. Those with a decrease in this feature tend to be more stable and emotionally resilient.


  • Experiences a lot of stress
  • Worries about many different things
  • Gets upset easily
  • Experiences dramatic shifts in mood
  • Feels anxious
  • Struggles to bounce back after stressful events


  • Emotionally stable
  • Copes well with stress
  • He rarely feels sad or depressed
  • Do not worry too much
  • Very satisfied

Are the Big Five Traits Universal?

Macri and his colleagues also found that the Big Five features were remarkably global. One study that looked at people from more than 50 different cultures found that the five dimensions can be used accurately to describe a character.

Based on this research, many psychologists now believe that the five personality dimensions are not only universal; they also have biological origins. Psychologist David Boss suggested that the evolutionary interpretation of these five basic personality traits indicates that these personality traits represent the most important traits that shape our social landscape.

What Factors Influence the Big Five Traits?

Research indicates that biological and environmental influences play a role in shaping our characters. Twin studies indicate that nature and nutrition play a role in the development of each of the five personality factors.

The study of the genetic and environmental bases of the five traits looked at 123 pairs of identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins. The results indicate that inheriting each trait was 53% for extroversion, 41% for satisfaction, 44% for conscience, 41% for nervousness, and 61% for openness.

Longitudinal studies also indicate that these five major personality traits tend to be relatively stable during puberty. A study of working-age adults found that personality tended to settle down over four years and showed little change as a result of adverse life events.
Studies have shown that maturity may have an effect on the five characteristics. As people age, they tend to become less skewed, less nervous, and less open to the experience. On the other hand, harmony and conscience tend to increase as people get older.


Always remember that behavior involves an interaction between a person’s primary personality and condition variables. The situation in which a person finds himself plays a major role in how he interacts. However, in most cases, people provide responses that correspond to the personality traits of the underlying.

These dimensions represent broad areas of personality. Research has shown that these groupings of properties tend to occur together in many people. For example, social individuals tend to be talkative. However, these features do not always occur together. The personality is complex and varied and each person may exhibit behaviors across many of these dimensions.

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What are the Big Five Personality Test Traits?. (2020, Sep 04). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/what-are-the-big-five-personality-test-traits-essay

What are the Big Five Personality Test Traits?

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