Utilization Of Used Plastic Cups
Utilization Of Used Plastic Cups
Filipinos are fond of eating bin fast-food counters where Styrofoam, plastic cups, they become disposable, thus becoming the bulk of our garbage. They are also considered as non-biodegradable, hence, cannot be used again by other living things. The only way is to convert them to another usable form.
Moreover, due to large production of plastics, they bring pollution and deterioration in the environment. Destruction of the present surroundings results when disposing plastic continuously are not controlled.
Plastic is a synthetic material that is made by polymerizing molecules of monomer materials that are derived from coal, petroleum, or natural gas. It is a preferred material because it is lightweight, flexible, durable, versatile, and mostly affordable. It is used for manufacturing a wide range of products, including packaging for food and beverages, dishes, cooking utensils, containers, eyeglasses, computers, phones, toys, furniture, and many others. History of Plastic
The first known manmade plastic was introduced in 1862 at the Great
International Exhibition in London by a man named Alexander Parkes. Called Parkesine at that time, it was an organic material from cellulose that could be molded after it was heated, and it could retain its shape when it was cooled. During the late 19th century, an American by the name of John Wesley Hyatt used celluloid to produce billiard balls, and this celluloid became known as the first thermoplastic. Further improvements were made to plastics at the turn of the 20th century. Another form of plastic called cellophane was created by Dr Jacques Brandenberger from Switzerland. This material was the first transparent fully-flexible and water-proof plastic wrap. In 1907, Leo Baekeland, a chemist from New York, invented a liquid resin called Bakelite, a thermoset plastic that was capable of retaining its shape under any condition.
Bakelite was used in the manufacturing of military weapons and machines as well as electrical insulators. By the 1920s, cellophane became a very popular material around the world. Later on, a young Harvard chemist called Wallace Hume Carothers succeeded in developing nylon, which was known as Fiber 66 at that time. By the 1940s, many other polymers were introduced to the world, and these included acrylic, PVC, neoprene, polyethylene, Teflon, SaranTM, and others. In the following decade, plastic began to be used in numerous products, ranging from packaging to new textiles, and it also paved the way for the invention of innovative products such as televisions and computers. In 2007, the total consumption of plastic had reached close to 100 million tones, and this has caused significant depletion of natural resources such as petroleum and natural gas.
Throughout recorded history, humans have had the desire to decorate their living space. While our mediums and techniques were crude during prehistory, both paint and painting methods evolved tremendously in the millennia that followed. Today, the environmental impact of our paint is as important to us as its aesthetic appeal. What may seem like a simple product has, in fact, undergone many transformations over the years. Below, we recount a few of the major ones. As long ago as 38,000 B.C., people used paint made from soot, earth, and animal fat to adorn the walls of their caves. In ancient Egyptian society (3150-31 B.C.), painters mixed ground glass or semiprecious stones, lead, earth, or animal blood with oil or fat. At the end of the 1200s, English house painters formed guilds to protect trade secrets and standardize their craft.
A few centuries later, in the 1600s, new processes and technology revolutionized house paint. In modern times, we don’t think twice about painting the interior or exterior of a house. In the days of the American colonies, however, such an act opened a person up to serious social disapproval. The Pilgrims, in accordance with their puritanical belief system, thought a colorful home expressed vanity and an excess of happiness. This idea wasn’t just bandied about; it was made law. A preacher in the Charlestown colony painted the inside of his house in 1630 and was subsequently accused of sacrilege, an actual crime in colonial society.
Statement of the problem
Since all of us are affected by the increasing problem on garbage disposal, this project aims to lessen the problem in garbage as well as in making cheap paint by converting plastic cups into paint.
There’s no significant difference between the paint made by the investigators and to the commercial one.
There is significant difference between the paint made by the investigators and to the commercial one.
Significance of the study
Whether you are aware of it or not, plastics play an important part in your life. Plastics’ versatility allows it to be used in everything from car parts to doll parts, from soft drink bottles to the refrigerators they are stored in. From the car you drive to work in to the television you watch when you get home, plastics help make your life easier and better. So how is it that plastics have become so widely used? How did plastics become the material of choice for so many varied applications? The simple answer is that plastics are the material that can provide the things consumers want and need. Plastics have the unique capability to be manufactured to meet very specific functional needs for consumers. So maybe there’s another question that’s relevant: What do I want? Regardless of how you answer this question, plastics can probably satisfy your needs.
If a product is made of plastic, there’s a reason. And chances are the reason has everything to do with helping you, the consumer, get what you want: Health. Safety.Performance.Value. Plastics help make these things possible. Paint was applied to exterior wood must withstand yearly extremes of both temperature and humidity. While never expected to be more than a temporary physical shield–requiring reapplication every 58 years–its importance should not be minimized. Because one of the main causes of wood deterioration is moisture penetration, a primary purpose for painting wood is to exclude such moisture, thereby slowing deterioration not only of a building’s exterior siding and decorative features but, ultimately, its underlying structural members. Another important purpose for painting wood is, of course, to define and accent architectural features and to improve appearance.
Scope and limitations
The qualities of produced paint, specifically its drying time, were covered by this project. The chemical properties of the produced paint and its withstanding period were beyond the researchers limitations. Chemical analysis between the commercial paint and the produced paint were not studied.
Review of Related Literature
Paint is a substance that colors and protects as s large variety of surface. It was formed by mixing a pigment (a substance that provides color) and a binder, a fluid vehicle that solidifies when exposed to air. The vehicle forms the adherent, kinky coating. It is where the pigments arer dispersed and gives the final film to its color power. It can be unsaturated or a polymer. A paint pigment is a fine powder that strongly scatters light and yields a white effect or absorbs certain wavelengths of light producing a coloredeffect .
Pigments commonly used for their color include titanium oxides (white) iron oxides (yellow or red) ;phtalocyanin (green) and toluidine (bright red). The solvent or thinner for drying oil is generally turpentine, which is a mixture of cylic hydrocarbons containing ten carbon atoms, or thinner may be a mixture of suitably volatile hydrocarbons derived from petroleum distillates. Another solvent is a colorless hydrocarbon called toluene; it has a specific gravity of 0.86 and boiling point of 110.6o C(231.1 F). It is also used as a source of synthetic compounds.
Plastics of three different colors were gathered and washed to removed foreign materials such as dirt, sands etc. They were plastic cups colored red, yellow, white and blue. Each of plastic cups was measured in three different mass preparations 20 g, 15 g and 10 g. The plastic cups were then dissolve in 50 ml of toluene. The time of making paint is faster; it only covers one hour or less. There’s no chemical reaction that occurred only physical reaction (mixture), when the small pieces of plastic cups are dissolved in 50 ml of toluene.
The viscosity of the paint depended on the amount of plastic cups. This paint when applied and dried in medium, became hard like like a cement but exposure to air must be prevented even if it is placed in a container because it dries fast. The paint were applied into three different surfaces: wood, concrete and metal. In those three different applications, three trials were obtained and measured each drying time. The average time was calculated . It was found out that both of the paints dry faster on woods and least on concrete and metals. Of all the colored paints, blue dry fastest.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 26 November 2016
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