Science in the period of the later half of the 19th century to the early years of 20th provides a rather busy picture for the scientific community in identifying the extent of the universe. In the previous generations, the universe was perceived to be an only small patch of space occupied by some considerable amount of celestial bodies. However, due to the expansion of industrialism and technology in the West, more and more aspects of the true beginnings and characteristics of the universe were uncovered.
With the use of instruments, science was able to reveal that the actual composition of the universe is not merely influenced by planets and stars. There are other materials in various elemental forms which can be found in the vast space. Also, theories were formulated about the true nature of the start of the universe itself which is in direct contrast to the previous generations of “materialism” which asserts that the universe has “always” existed (Koestler, 2003). The materialism approach was definitely put into fiction in this era.
The more modern approach of science about the universe was deeply presented by the Big Bang and Relativity theories in the early 20th century. In terms of the philosophy about humanity’s true significance in the universe, many scientists believed that human existence is just another segment of the evolutionary line of events. The philosophy of the same scientific community between late 1800 and early 1900 provided a rather radical approach in presenting that there is a certain design pattern which allowed humans and other biological entities to exist.
The design is not a correspondence to the true goal of the creation of the universe rather; it is a design which would permit life to exist. The previously accepted Darwinian approach was considered as just the supporting fact to this philosophy.
Koesteler, A. 2003. A Century of Discoveries in Physics. Retrieved November 8 2007 from http://www. creationofuniverse. com/html/materialism. html.