UNIT 6 WH TOPIC TEST

In what year did the February and October revolutions occur in Russia?
1917
During World War I, the Russian army was
large but ill prepared to fight.
A tsar was a Russian leader in the early 1900s who was similar to a
king.
What do the symbols on the Communist Party flag represent?
the urban workers and peasants
Which is the best definition of communism?
Communism is an economic system in which the distribution of property and resources is primarily controlled by the government.

Introduced in Russia after 1917, the system in which a government controls the distribution of land and resources is known as .
Communism
In the early 1900s, after the Bolsheviks began to rule Russia,
the fight for power resulted in a three-year civil war.
How did Rasputin affect the relationship between the government and the people of Russia?
Rasputin was a faith healer who had undue influence over the tsarina and the government, which many Russian citizens resented.
In what year did the February and October revolutions occur in Russia?
1917
Who was Vladimir Lenin?
He was a leader of the Bolsheviks in Russia.

Who was the last tsar to rule Russia?
Nicholas II
Why did thousands of Russian citizens march on St. Petersburg in 1905?
They marched to demand better working conditions, more personal freedoms, and greater representation in government.
In the early 1920s, Lenin established the New Economic Policy, which
reversed earlier changes and gave the economy a boost.
What was one consequence of the October Revolution?
The Bolsheviks ended Russia’s involvement in World War I.

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Which term best describes government in Russia after the Communists took power?
single-party
How did most Russian citizens make a living in the early 1900s?
Most Russians were peasants who worked on farms for very little money.
In the early 1900s, the Bolsheviks of Russia worked to
bring about a new socialist government.
As the Bolsheviks took control of the Soviet economy, they
determined which jobs workers would hold and where workers would live.
In the early 1900s, after the Bolsheviks began to rule Russia,
the fight for power resulted in a three-year civil war.
During World War I, the Russian army was
large but ill prepared to fight.
Which is the best definition of communism?
Communism is an economic system in which the distribution of property and resources is primarily controlled by the government.
In the early 1900s, the Bolsheviks of Russia worked to
bring about a new socialist government.
A tsar was a Russian leader in the early 1900s who was similar to a
king.
While many Russian soldiers were on the front during World War I, most of those who remained behind responded to the February Revolution by
joining the riots instead of stopping them.
Why did thousands of Russian citizens march on St. Petersburg in 1905?
They marched to demand better working conditions, more personal freedoms, and greater representation in government.
Who was Vladimir Lenin?
He was a leader of the Bolsheviks in Russia.
In what year did the February and October revolutions occur in Russia?
1917
How did most Russian citizens make a living in the early 1900s?
Most Russians were peasants who worked on farms for very little money.
How did most Russian citizens make a living in the early 1900s?
Most Russians were peasants who worked on farms for very little money.
A tsar was a Russian leader in the early 1900s who was similar to a
King
Which is the best definition of communism?
Communism is an economic system in which the distribution of property and resources is primarily controlled by the government.
As the Bolsheviks took control of the Soviet economy, they
determined which jobs workers would hold and where workers would live.
In the early 1900s, after the Bolsheviks began to rule Russia,
the fight for power resulted in a three-year civil war.
While many Russian soldiers were on the front during World War I, most of those who remained behind responded to the February Revolution by
joining the riots instead of stopping them.
In what year did the February and October revolutions occur in Russia?
1917
During World War I, the Russian army was
NOT:small and ill prepared to fight.
In the early 1900s, the Bolsheviks of Russia worked to
NOT:return the tsar to his position as ruler.
Introduced in Russia after 1917, the system in which a government controls the distribution of land and resources is known as
?
After World War I, how did the US economy compare to that of Germany?
The US economy was stronger.
To pay reparations after World War I, Germany
printed more money.
The term “on margin” means
paying the down payment on an asset and borrowing the balance.
During the Great Depression, the United States demanded repayment of loans it made to European nations for
World War I expenses.
In which way did Great Britain’s leaders try to recover from the Great Depression?
by lowering interest rates to help business
In France, how did Socialists attempt to fight the effects of the Great Depression?
They passed worker reforms.
After the Great Depression, France could best be described as
politically unstable.
Immediately following World War I, the economy in the United States
prospered.
The US economy after World War I relied in large part on
construction.
The global economic crisis following World War I was caused by
unpaid WWI debts.
A factor leading to a weakening US economy, which followed its initial surge, was the unequal distribution of ______
wealth
What made Americans so willing to engage in stock market speculation in the 1920s?
People were in an optimistic mood, and they were willing to take a risk.
After World War I, how did the US economy compare to that of Germany?
The US economy was stronger.
Why did people demand not just banking and stock market reform but also new forms of government after the Great Depression?
The Depression shattered people’s confidence in the government.
Why did European nations face financial challenges after World War I? Check all that apply.
They needed to rebuild destroyed infrastructure.
They needed to repay money they had borrowed.
Following the Great Depression, in which country did economic recovery occur most quickly?
Great Britain
In what year did the US economic recovery begin?
1933
The US economy after World War I relied in large part on
construction.
After the Great Depression, France could best be described as
politically unstable.
Immediately following World War I, the economy in the United States
prospered.
this photo from 1923, a man is using the backs of one million German marks (money) as writing paper.
Use the drop-down menu to complete each statement.
This photo shows that money is worth less than a piece of paper.
When a country experiences inflation, prices for paper, pens, and other goods increase
Which factors led to a weakening economy in the United States? Check all that apply.
speculation in the stock market
unequal distribution of wealth
overproduction
Refer to the chart and use the drop-down menu to complete each statement.
According to the chart, the largest decline in foreign trade occurred in the united states.
The greatest increase in unemployment between 1929 and 1932 occurred in the united states.
According to the chart, Britain was least affected by the Great Depression.
After World War I, how did the US economy compare to that of Germany?
The US economy was stronger.
To pay reparations after World War I, Germany
printed more money.
During the Great Depression, the United States demanded repayment of loans it made to European nations for
World War I expenses.
In which way did Great Britain’s leaders try to recover from the Great Depression?
by lowering interest rates to help business
In France, how did Socialists attempt to fight the effects of the Great Depression?
They passed worker reforms.
After the Great Depression, France could best be described as
politically unstable.
Immediately following World War I, the economy in the United States
prospered.
The US economy after World War I relied in large part on
construction.
The global economic crisis following World War I was caused by
unpaid WWI debts.
In what year did the US economic recovery begin?
1933
Which best describes many of the postwar era’s writers and their works?
pessimistic
Which social changes occurred after World War I? Check all that apply.
-increased mobility through technology
-new roles for women
-Breaks with tradition
Between 1910 and 1930, what was the approximate increase in US homes with electricity?
55%
The term_________ was used by writer Gertrude Stein to describe those left deeply disillusioned by World War I.
Lost Generation
Which type of therapy did Sigmund Freud introduce?
psychoanalysis
Which statement best describes how this image reflects Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?
Perception of time is not universal.
What did Einstein believe regarding human perception?
What humans perceive with their senses is not always true.
What does Einstein’s theory of relatively, which posits that movement in space and time is relative to the person measuring them, mean? Check all that apply
-Each person perceives space and time differently.
-What people perceive is not necessarily accurate or true
In the postwar era, the increased availability and affordability of cars most facilitated which social change?
the growth of suburbs
Which aspect of the postwar era did jazz’s liveliness, looseness, and improvisation most reflect?
disillusionment
This is Salvador Dalí’s The Persistence of Memory.
Which statement best describes how this image reflects Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?
Perception of time is not universal.
What version of reality did Pablo Picasso and other cubists represent in their paintings?
a fragmented version
In the postwar era, the increased availability and affordability of cars most facilitated which social change?
the growth of suburbs
What did Einstein believe regarding human perception?
What humans perceive with their senses is not always true.
Which type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?
spirituals
How did the modern art movement, which emerged in the postwar period, reflect changes in scientific theory?
Both questioned the way people examined the world.
How did World War I change women’s roles in the United States?
Women replaced men in the workforce.
As proved by the transatlantic flights of Lindbergh and Earhart, postwar airplanes were engineered to fly greater
Distances
After World War I, how did new theories about science differ from past ideas?
New theories aimed to provide hope through science.
Which aspect of the postwar era did jazz’s liveliness, looseness, and improvisation most reflect?
disillusionment
This is Salvador Dalí’s The Persistence of Memory.
Which statement best describes how this image reflects Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?
Perception of time is not universal.
What version of reality did Pablo Picasso and other cubists represent in their paintings?
a fragmented version
In the postwar era, the increased availability and affordability of cars most facilitated which social change?
the growth of suburbs
What did Einstein believe regarding human perception?
What humans perceive with their senses is not always true.
Which type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?
spirituals
How did the modern art movement, which emerged in the postwar period, reflect changes in scientific theory?
Both questioned the way people examined the world.
How did World War I change women’s roles in the United States?
Women replaced men in the workforce.
As proved by the transatlantic flights of Lindbergh and Earhart, postwar airplanes were engineered to fly greater
Distances
After World War I, how did new theories about science differ from past ideas?
New theories aimed to provide hope through science.
What was Benito Mussolini’s attitude toward personal liberties?
The state should decide which personal liberties were needed.
How were the governments of Japan and Italy similar in the 1930s? Check all that apply.
Both used extreme nationalism to win support.
Both began programs of aggressive expansion.
What actions characterize authoritarian governments? Check all that apply.
Leaders often seize power by illegitimate means
All citizens prosper under the government.
Citizens support the government’s official ideology.
A single leader or a very powerful group rules.
Leaders refuse to tolerate dissenting views.
Who fought on the side of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
international volunteers
When did military rulers take control in Japan?
during the Great Depression
How does a totalitarian government differ from most authoritarian governments?
It is more extreme and rigid.
Why did Japanese soldiers kill so many civilians in Nanking, China?
Commanders encouraged their soldiers to be as brutal as possible.
When Benito Mussolini came into power, he promised to
solve Italy’s economic problems.
How did Benito Mussolini attempt to increase Italy’s power?
by seizing control of new land
Who was Francisco Franco?
the fascist dictator of Spain
Who fought on the side of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
international volunteers
How many political parties participate in a totalitarian government?
one
What happened when Spain’s government could not overcome social and economic problems during the Great Depression?
The army led a rebellion against the government.
What is the most likely reason that Italy and Germany supported the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War?
Italy and Germany wanted to promote the spread of fascism.
When Benito Mussolini came into power, he promised to
solve Italy’s economic problems.
How did the secret police in a totalitarian government most likely get their name?
The police investigated and punished people with no warning.
What actions characterize authoritarian governments? Check all that apply.
-Leaders often seize power by illegitimate means.
-A single leader or a very powerful group rules.
-Leaders refuse to tolerate dissenting views.
Why did Japanese soldiers kill so many civilians in Nanking, China?
Commanders encouraged their soldiers to be as brutal as possible.
How does a totalitarian government differ from most authoritarian governments?
It is more extreme and rigid.
Appeasement was a popular policy because European leaders
wanted to avoid another war.
Why were idealistic supporters of the Nazi party willing to endorse Hitler’s annexation of Austria?
They wanted a quick return to the former power and glory of Germany.
Read this quotation from Winston Churchill.
“You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You chose dishonor and you will have war.”
What does Churchill mean by his use of the word “dishonor”?
Reproach
When Hitler assumed control of the Nazi party, he immediately
began enforcing his personal nationalistic and racist views.
The Third Reich based its power primarily on
fear.
Six months after the Munich Conference, Hitler annexed
Czechoslovakia.
What issue caused German citizens to be willing to accept new leadership?
the lack of job availability
What was one aspect of Racial Purity laws?
Marriages between Germans and Jews were prohibited.
Hitler most likely forced Jews to wear a yellow star so that Jews could
be identified and arrested more easily.
Based upon an understanding of Nazi Germany and Hitler’s tactics, what is most likely to happen under totalitarian rule?
People lose their civil rights.
What was the original purpose of the SS?
to intimidate the German population
The Third Reich based its power primarily on
fear
Hitler most likely forced Jews to wear a yellow star so that Jews could
be identified and arrested more easily.
When Hitler assumed control of the Nazi party, he immediately
began enforcing his personal nationalistic and racist views.
Appeasement was a popular policy because European leaders
wanted to avoid another war.
Hitler can be described as a fanatical despot because he
worshiped force and despised persuasion.
Under Nazi rule, the university curriculum was changed to place the most emphasis on
history
Why were idealistic supporters of the Nazi party willing to endorse Hitler’s annexation of Austria?
They wanted a quick return to the former power and glory of Germany.
Six months after the Munich Conference, Hitler annexed
Czechoslovakia.

France eventually surrendered to Hitler in June of 1940.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided

T
____ causing Britain and France to declare war on Germany.
a.Germany invaded Poland
b.Germany joined with Italy
c.Italy invaded Ethiopia
d.Hitler and Stalin signed a treatyPlease select the best answer from the choices provided

a.

The United States remained neutral during the early years of WWII, however they did make weapons and uniforms for the British in American factories.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided

T
World War II began when ___________ invaded _____________.
a.Germany, Italy
b.Poland, France
c.Germany, Poland
d.Germany, FrancePlease select the best answer from the choices provided

c.

Please select the word from the list that best fits the definition

attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor

Japan seized Nanjing and took control of Indochina, but not before it bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided

F
The ____ caused the United States to enter World War II.
a.bombing of Pearl Harbor
b.sinking of U.S. ships
c.Battle of Britain
d.German invasion of the U.S.S.R.Please select the best answer from the choices provided

a.
Exhausted from the First World War, European countries stood by while Hitler gained power for all of the following reasons except
a.they did not see Hitler as a major threat
b.religious tensions were high throughout Europe and few countries had regard for Jewish people
c.they believed Hitler would stop expanding once he was appeased by the Sudentenland
d.the British Prime Minister returned from Munich Conference convinced of peacePlease select the best answer from the choices provided

not d.

Hitler looked to expand his territory in Italy first, then he moved on to Czechoslovakia and later Austria.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided

F
Hitler and ____ signed a non-aggression pact in 1939 that included dividing Poland between their two countries.
a.Mussolini
b.Stalin
c.Hitler
d.none of the abovePlease select the best answer from the choices provided

b.

Please select the word from the list that best fits the definition

Chinese capital seized by the Japanese in 1937

Nanjing

Please select the word from the list that best fits the definition

site of a surprise attack on the American fleet by the Japanese

Pearl Harbor
The US joined WWII because _______________ .
a.Hitler began killing Jews
b.Germany attacked Poland
c.Germany attacked Russia
d.Japan attacked Pearl HarborPlease select the best answer from the choices provided

d.
In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact in which they agreed to divide up .
Poland
Which best describes the policy of appeasement followed by Great Britain and France in the 1930s?
allowing Germany to take aggressive steps in hopes of maintaining peace
A “blitz” is different from a “blitzkrieg” because only a “blitz”
relies exclusively on air power.
What caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939?
the invasion of Poland
What is the best definition of a “blitzkrieg”?
rapid invasion by air and land
How were Soviet troops different from French and Polish troops?
Soviet troops refused to retreat or surrender.
Why did Hitler most likely assume he could annex Austria and Czechoslovakia?
He believed that Great Britain and France would choose not to respond to his actions.
Which country was a member of the Axis powers?
Japan
Which aggressive action did Germany take in the 1930s?
annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia
Hitler was confident about invading Russia because he had recently captured
France.
In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact in which they agreed to divide up .
Poland
Which best describes the policy of appeasement followed by Great Britain and France in the 1930s?
allowing Germany to take aggressive steps in hopes of maintaining peace
A “blitz” is different from a “blitzkrieg” because only a “blitz”
relies exclusively on air power.
What caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939?
the invasion of Poland
What is the best definition of a “blitzkrieg”?
rapid invasion by air and land
How were Soviet troops different from French and Polish troops?
Soviet troops refused to retreat or surrender.
Why did Hitler most likely assume he could annex Austria and Czechoslovakia?
He believed that Great Britain and France would choose not to respond to his actions.
Which country was a member of the Axis powers?
Japan
Which aggressive action did Germany take in the 1930s?
annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia
Hitler was confident about invading Russia because he had recently captured
France.
Which statements describe actions taken by Japan before the Pearl Harbor attack that resulted in strained relations with the United States? Check all that apply.
It entered into an alliance with Germany and Italy.
It occupied French Indochina.
It invaded China to gain control.
After Pearl Harbor, which of these statements most likely describes the attitude of most Americans concerning Japan?
“I want our country to avenge its losses and defeat Japan.”
Who was president of the United States when World War II started in Europe?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Which statements accurately describe the Battle of Guadalcanal? Check all that apply.
It was the first major Allied offensive in the Pacific.
It lasted six months.
It ended with Japan’s defeat.
Which of these terms best describes the official foreign policy of the United States at the start of World War II in 1939?
isolationist
Which of these actions did the United States take immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Congress declared war on Japan the next day.
President Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, “a date which will live in infamy.” Which of these definitions is the best meaning of the word “infamy”?
dishonor
To continue expanding its empire, Japan needed large supplies of
oil.
An official government order that limits trade with another nation to punish or pressure that nation in some way is known as
an embargo.
Read these sentences from a famous speech made by President Roosevelt in 1941.
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
-President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941
To which event was the president referring?
the attack on Pearl Harbor
Where did the Bataan Death March take place?
the Philippines
An official government order that limits trade with another nation to punish or pressure that nation in some way is known as
an embargo.
In response to Japan’s aggressive actions in the Pacific in the 1930s, the United States
imposed an embargo on shipping war goods and petroleum products to Japan.
To win the war in the Pacific, the United States adopted a strategy called
island-hopping.
President Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, “a date which will live in infamy.” Which of these definitions is the best meaning of the word “infamy”?
dishonor
Which of these actions did the United States take immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Congress declared war on Japan the next day.
After their attack on Pearl Harbor, what did Japanese leaders do next?
They tried to gain as much territory in the Pacific as possible.
Which statements accurately describe the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor? Check all that apply.
-The Americans were unprepared for the attack.
-The American Navy was severely weakened.
Which of these terms best describes the official foreign policy of the United States at the start of World War II in 1939?
isolationist
In a major blow to Japan, Allied troops returned to free which of these areas from Japanese control in 1944?
the Philippines
The mass murder of Jews and other groups of people by the German Nazis during World War II is known as
the Holocaust.
What were the Nuremberg Trials?
trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with “crimes against humanity”
To isolate them from the general population, Jews in Hitler’s Germany were required to
wear yellow stars.
Which of the following happened in Germany during Kristallnacht? Check all that apply.
War with Britain was declared.
Synagogues across Germany were burned.
Jews were placed in concentration camps.
Citizenship was restored to Jews.
Jewish businesses were destroyed.
Which of the following was the actual result of the Final Solution?
the extermination of two-thirds of Europe’s Jewish population

Look at this famous photograph, taken in 1943.

This photograph shows German forces

sending Polish Jews to a concentration camp.
Which of the following is the most accurate description of the Nazi camp built at Auschwitz, Poland?
death camp
When it came to racial beliefs, Hitler believed that Germans were
superior to other peoples, especially Jews.
The Nazis’ plan for mass murder was aimed at which of the following groups of people? Check all that apply.
Jews
homosexuals
{WRONG} NEED MORE
Mein Kampf was a book that described Hitler’s
{WRONG}
Which best describes why the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan?
Japan refused to surrender after the first bomb was dropped.
Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a significant event in World War II?
The battle stopped the Germans from advancing further east.
Which is true about the battle of Iwo Jima?
Allies killed almost all of the Japanese soldiers.
Which strategies did the United States employ in order to achieve victory in the Pacific? Check all that apply.
island-hopping
bombing
How did the Soviet’s win at Stalingrad help advance the Allies’ Europe First strategy?
It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany.
What is the best illustration of the long-term effects of America’s use of the atomic bomb in Japan?
More nations in the world began experimenting with atomic weapons.
Why was the battle of El Alamein significant?
It served as the turning point of World War II.{WRONG}
Which best explains why the Allies employed the Europe First strategy during World War II?
The Allies wanted to ensure that Germany did not continue to conquer European territory.
Did D-Day ultimately end German ambitions in Europe?
No, the Germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures.
What does the movement of Allied troops reveal about their strategy?
The Allies overtook outlying islands to make access to Japan easier.

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UNIT 6 WH TOPIC TEST
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