Unit 4 literary heritage pre 1914 poetry

I have been assigned a coursework to compare and contrast three poems which are ‘The Ruined Maid’, To His Coy Mistress’ and ‘Remember’ all these poems have got points and I am going to make similarities and dissimilarities about the poems in comparison to each other. Most poems have aspects of a pace, a point, a structure and also different types of language, all of the above poems have these and express them well. Then again all the above have the aspects but the aspects are shown in different ways e.

g. a fast pace following on to a slower pace but another poem could have a slow pace moving on to a fast pace.

Firstly, all the poems have points and they are all different but have aspects in of that point that are same. ‘To His Coy Mistress’ has a metaphysical side to it and Marvell’s entanglements of sex and arrogance are in his metaphysical poem. He achieves this by using tense similes and outsized metaphors for example, ‘an hundred years’, ‘like amorous birds of prey’ and ‘vegetable love.

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’ He uses these techniques to enrich meanings and to express how strong his sexual feelings are for his mistress. To His Coy Mistress’ is also about an existing relationship, but this poem is designed to persuade his mistress to sleep with him. To His Coy Mistress” follows a classical argument and a form of persuasion. He begins by outlining how things would be if everything were perfect, then moves on to pointing out the stark reality of the situation before drawing a logical conclusion to persuade her over to his point of view.

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In contrast to ‘Remember’, ‘Remember’ has a structure of love and she wants to be remembered and not forgotten but with sad side to the poem.

The poem is based on the theme of love, loss and remembrance. From the first introductory line it outlines that she has gone far away and is reminding him of what they both once had shared. When the poet stresses the term “gone away”, it does suggest that she may return but, it defiantly does not stress that she has gone forever. However, whilst the poem enfolds the words used create the idea of emotions involved in the relationship, the couple once were together at the beginning and they will eventually separate at the end. ‘The Ruined Maid’ is a contrast to these two poems and has a point of how women are treated after they had had sex before marriage ant the term ‘Ruined’ was used for this in the 19th century and that it isn’t that bad now that she has had sex before marriage and that she is better of with ‘such fair garments’ and ‘such prosperi-ty’ but this also stresses the point of how society makes rules about sex before marriage and Thomas Hardy makes this a serious point about how women are treated in most of his writing for example ‘Far From the Madding Crowd’ so this poem could be called ‘typical Hardy’ to resemble that it is like the rest of his writing.

‘Remember’ and ‘To his Coy Mistress’ share a comparison of arguing there point. In ‘To his Coy Mistress’ it argues the point that they don’t have enough time to just stand around and that the two lovers should just have sex this is shown with the verses like ‘Time’s winged chariot hurrying near’ and in comparison to ‘Remember’ which also stresses the argument (point) of the lover not forgetting her or him with the verse ‘Only remember me; you understand’. These two poems all so have love in common with the point and is exposed with words like ‘love’s’ in ‘To his Coy Mistress’ and in ‘Remember’ words like ‘grieve’ which is what you would do for someone you love and ‘remember’. The two poems ‘To his Coy Mistress’ and ‘Remember’ have the point of they don’t have enough time in the world this is expressed in ‘To his Coy Mistress’ with ‘an hundred years’ and in ‘Remember’ with words like ‘future’ and ‘late’ and the poets have used this to express there emotions in the poems and that they haven’t go enough time in the world to just stand around and stare.

Secondly, the poems all have different paces and this varies within the poems which then changes from time to time. In ‘Remember’ it has the same pace in the poem all the way through and the poet has made this to go in with the felling of death, with a slow drowsy pace all the way through to the end to show how slow and drowsy death is but in contrast with ‘The Ruined Made’ its entirely different because ‘The Ruined Maid’ has a happy pace which is fast moving but gets fast when the ruined maid talks and it seems to speed up within the poem, the poet has included this faster pace to show that the ruined maid is more happy than the other women, with the pace speeding up just a little. Also in ‘The Ruined Maid’ it slows down the pace when the first women is talking about when the ruined maid wasn’t ‘Ruined’ and then speeds up when she is talking about the present ruined maid, the poet has included this to show the point of that the ruined maid is more happy (with the pace speeding up) now she is ruined.

In contrast to these two poems ‘To his Coy Mistress’ has an absolutely different pace through out the poem and even when it is changing it is different to the other two in the way the poet Marvell has made the three sections different in the way the first one is quite slow but then in the second one he is contradicting his argument so he speeds the pace up a little bit but then in the third section he speeds it up even faster with him including longer verses to support what he express which is that they haven’t got enough time to just flirt instead they should just have sex, so he speeds up the verse. The only comparison between these poems I can make is that in ‘The Ruined Maid’ and ‘To his Coy Mistress’ have changes of rhythms or pace through there poems to resemble time and that there isn’t much left and that the opposite lover should take this time as an advantage because it is running out.

Thirdly, all the poems have there own individual structures and rhythms but they are similar in ways. Rossetti uses rhyme but it is not as obvious as Hardy’s. She uses couplets in the poem. Lines one, four, five and eight end with the same syllable – ‘ay’. Where the mood becomes more comforting at line nine, she changes the rhyme scheme. Rossetti has written the whole poem in a single stanza of fourteen lines with one flowing train of thought. She uses ten syllables in each line except for line eleven where she only uses nine. I think this is because it is an enjambment. It has a smooth, flowing rhythm. Although the rhyme in each poem is different to the others. The rhyme in “the ruined maid” is A, A, B, B, and this is repeated through each of the 6 verses, an example of this rhyme are the words ‘crown’ and ‘town’ which are at the end of the first 2 lines of the poem. The structure in “The ruined maid” is basically six verses and each verse is another part in their conversation. Also “The ruined maid”, has a few words or variations of words that are repeated at the end or start of a line.

Examples of this are the words that are repeated at the start of one line in each verse. “Said she” is repeated at the end of every verse and the last word that is repeated is ruined or another variation of the word, which is repeated before “said she”. When comparing these three poems I can see that ‘To his Coy Mistress’ has the most rhythm but has a classical structure. Marvell uses a classical structure of rhyming couplets to match his style of argument. Marvell doesn’t use repetition, but he does use a rise in quantity to exaggerate his point in the first verse where he is outlining how long he would adore each part of her body if he had all the time in the world, which he hasn’t got and he stresses this. Marvell uses techniques such as flattery to persuade his mistress to have sex with him as a third person. The comparison between these three poems is they all have couplets somewhere in the poems but have different rhythms.

The only poem to have any dialogue in it, out of the three that I have studied is “The ruined maid”. The dialogue in this poem is between two friends that have met up and are discussing that one of them has changed after becoming ruined.

The poems I have chosen all have different type’s language. In ‘To His Coy Mistress’ Marvell uses language like ‘thy’ and ‘Nor’ which shows Andrew Marvell to be an early 19th century man. This is in contrast with Rossetti’s poem which has language like ‘yet’ and ‘darkness’ this not only shows her to be a late 19th century women because this type of language of the early part of century isn’t as frequent but also shows her to be a pessimist and to have a sad way of life. To compare ‘The Ruined Maid’ to the other two I can see that Hardy is a comparison to Marvell from the language he uses like ‘thee’ and ‘thou’. To compare the language used in the three poems I would have to say that all poets are from the same time so they use the same language but they don’t use the same emotional words. Marvell uses words like ‘sweetness’ and ‘love’ to express the emotion of the poem and that he loves ‘his’ ‘mistress’. Although in Hardy’s poem he use words such as ‘la-dy’ to express that when a women has had sex before marriage (ruined) and that she is still a lady but Rossetti has a disparity to this and uses language like ‘no more’ and ‘remember’ to express that the person is dying and should be remembered. The only poem to have any dialogue in it, out of the three that I have studied is “The ruined maid”. The dialogue in this poem is between two friends that have met up and are discussing that one of them has changed after becoming ruined.

To some up the comparison and the contrasting of these three poems I can say that there is a big difference between the three poems but again there are some comparisons between the three poems. I can see now that the poets where all trying to put across a point and do this in different ways, for example in difference of structure.

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Unit 4 literary heritage pre 1914 poetry. (2020, Jun 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/unit-4-literary-heritage-pre-1914-poetry-new-essay

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