This is the political concept the individual states have actually political powers associated with the federal government.
It was a significant cause of the Civil War.
This was the principle that a state government can declare a law of the national government invalid within the borders of the state
This was the forced migration of the Cherokee Indians to Oklahoma in 1838-39.
trail of tears
This is the belief that the ultimate power of the government rests on the will of the people themselves.
Southerners complained that their economy was crippled by the __________.
tariff of 1828
Which South Carolina politician became known as the “Father of Nullification”?
John C. Calhoun
The Nullification Crisis ended when ___ passed a bill to ___ the tariff.
Because he was a __________, Jefferson initially worried that the Constitution did not grant the president the right to make such a deal with a foreign nation.
__________ refers to the belief that the U.S. had a divine mission, a God-given right to extend civilization across the continent.
The idea of territorial expansion and Manifest Destiny brought the U.S. into armed conflict with ___ in 1846.
What three types of progress are illustrated in American Progress by John Gast?
industrial, intellectual, technical
Per the Indian Removal Act, Native Americans were to be relocated west of the __________.
What was Andrew Jackson’s reaction to the Supreme Court decision in Worcester v. Georgia?
He ignored it.
This was the first permanent English colony in the New World.
This was a religious revival that promised the grace of God to all who could experience a desire for it.
This was a territory in the western U.S. purchased from France for $15 million in 1803.
This was the war between the North and South in the United States (1861-1865), also known as the War Between the States.
This was the first successful colonial independence movement against a European power, 1775-1783.
Period used to describe Pre-Civil War in the United States.
This is the name given to the early-19th century religious movement in the United States, exemplified by energetic revivals and dynamic preachers.
Second Great Awakening
This was a rapid influx of fortune seekers to Sutters Mill in California in 1849.
This granted tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for their territories within state borders, mainly in the Southeast.
Indian Removal Act
This was a 1200 mile route from Illinois to Salt Lake City Utah.
This was an Act of Continental Congress which initially organized the first United States territory and was to be the basis for governing how the United States would expand westward.
This was a major U.S. route from Missouri to the Northwest in the 19th century.
These explorers ventured into the Louisiana Territory in 1803 and became the first U.S. citizens to navigate their way westward to the Pacific Ocean.
Lewis and Clark
This Shoshone Indian girl was an invaluable guide to Lewis and Clark on their trek West.
Construction on this began in 1811 and was the first federally funded turnpike in the United States.
This is the name given to the purchase of the Alaska territory from Russia in 1867, for which the U.S. paid $7 million.
This controversial tariff was passed in 1828 to protect northern manufacturing and trade but soon became a major source of conflict between northern and southern states
tariff of abominations
A term used to describe unsettled land or territory west of the existing colonies. People that traveled to settle these areas were called pioneers
Whitney’s production of muskets led to the utilization of __________.
Who attempted to begin a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859?
Under the compromise, __________ became the northern boundary for future slave states.
Missouri’s southern boundary
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a national meeting at Seneca Falls in 1848. The primary purpose of this convention was to organize the
women’s suffrage movement
The efforts of Nat Turner in 1831 caused
southern states to take harsher measures to prevent slave uprisings
Which religious group is credited with being the first American abolitionist group?
What best describes the efforts of William Lloyd Garrison?
urged immediate emancipation of slaves in the United States.
He attempted to lead a slave revolt in Virginia in 1831, and though it was unsuccessful (he was executed for his violence), his actions represented a change in tone in the abolition movement
This was crafted during a rally for women’s rights in upstate New York in 1848, and asserted that women deserved the same rights as men, rights which were guaranteed in both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
Seneca Falls Declaration
This abolitionist was executed in 1859 after leading a failed attempt at armed slave insurrection at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.
This was a system of secret “safe-houses” and hiding places to aid runaway slaves escape.
This term describes the movement to end the slave trade and emancipate American slaves during the 1800s.
In which movement was Elizabeth Cady Stanton MOST involved with in 1840?
What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848?
Which amendment eventually achieved what Stanton had worked for most of her life?
The successfully executed slave rebellion involving the greatest number of enslaved people was __________.
1811 New Orleans Rebellion
This was a U.S. abolitionist who founded the North Star.
This was a belief that alcohol consumption should be controlled through moderation and abstinence.
She was a member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol in pre-Prohibition America, and was particularly known for promoting her viewpoint through vandalism. On many occasions, she would enter an alcohol-serving establishment and attack the bar with a hatchet. She has been the topic of numerous books, articles and even a 1966 opera by Douglas Moore, first performed at the University of Kansas. She died in 1911.
This community was at one time an experiment in Utopian communities. Founded by Germans who were persecuted by the Lutheran Church, this community believed in communal living.
Denmark Vesey Revolt
Harriet Tubman begins guiding on the Underground Railroad
Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published
Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Which Supreme Court case would have had the BIGGEST impact on slaves in the United States?
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Which Supreme Court case raised the issue of a black slave who lived in a free state and questioned whether slaves were free once they set foot upon Northern soil?
Dred Scott v. Sandford
How did many free African Americans living in Northeastern United States become slaves during the Federalist period?
They were kidnapped and sold back into slavery
This is the name of the work of fiction, published in 1852, that dramatically portrayed the lives of slaves in the American South, serving as not only a spark in the abolition movement but as a motivating factor of the Civil War.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
This is the political loyalty to one’s own region of the country over the entire country. This was a major factor leading up to the Civil War.
In 1863, Lincoln changed the course of the war when he issued the __________.
The process that would let Kansas and Nebraska decide for themselves whether to be free or slave states was known as __________.
The violent conflict between the “Free Staters” and “Border Ruffians” is commonly called “__________.”
An important result of the dissolution of the Whig Party was the birth of the __________.
Which party was split in two over the issue of slavery?
Which candidate was, at the time of the election, the Vice President of the United States?
What percentage of the electoral vote did Lincoln receive?
Battle of Ft. Sumter
Confederate soldiers during the Civil War enjoyed a geographic advantage over Union soldiers because
most of the battlefields were located in Confederate states.
In the American Civil War, General Robert E. Lee’s military skills were instrumental in leading Confederate forces in
During the American Civil War, the 54th Massachusetts regiment is most noteworthy for
Being the first all black regiment in the army
Ulysses S. Grant’s early success came in the western theater of war, particularly in the successful 1863 siege of
The Election of 1864 was
the South’s last hope to gain independence from the North.
Which Civil War battle resulted in the Union gaining strategic control of the Mississippi River?
During the American Civil War, the Confederacy hoped to receive assistance from France and Great Britain. What was a reason the South expected foreign assistance?
they sold cotton to them
This politician from Mississippi was once Secretary of War for President Franklin Pierce, thought he is more known for being the first and only President of the Confederate States of America.
This is the city in Virginia where General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate forces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War.
Appomattox Court House
This infantry regiment was formed during the Civil War in 1863 and it bears the distinction of being the first all African-American unit in U.S. military history.
This was a war strategy of the Union in the late stages of the Civil War. Armies would use all available resources to destroy the Confederate’s ability to resist
This Union General made a name for himself at the siege at Vicksburg, though he later defeated Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to end the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant
This was one of the bloodiest battles during the American Civil War. Set in Pennsylvania, it is also credited as a major turning point for the Union in the war against the Confederacy.
battle of gettysburg
General Sherman seized Savannah, GA, just prior to what holiday?
Jackson gained his famous nickname at the __________.
First Bull Run
A West Point graduate and Mexican War veteran, Jackson was serving as an instructor at __________ when the war began.
Virginia Military Institute
During the __________ Sherman led approximately 100,000 troops on a quest to take the economic center of the South and destroy all property that could be used to make war and commerce.
The Battle of ___ caused Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln cited his Presidential role as __________ to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
The ___ made slavery illegal in the United States.
Battle of Gettysburg
Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Antietam
Sherman’s March to the Sea
Union blockade of Savannah, Georgia
Which amendment was affected MOST by the Civil War?
A major area of disagreement between Abraham Lincoln and the Radical Republicans was that
Lincoln felt that Reconstruction was primarily the pardoning of individuals, a presidential power.
What best describes the effect that the Thirteenth Amendment had on American society?
Slavery was made illegal in the United States.
Following the American Civil War, northern cities saw an increase in population thanks in part to
the fight of former slaves from the south
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified following which war?
What role did Oliver O. Howard play in the Reconstruction Era?
He was the head of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
The era of Radical Reconstruction can be seen as a failure because
it did not adequately protect former slaves from having their rights violated.
Regardless of which state a person lives in, all American citizens enjoy the rights contained in the Constitution and the Amendments thanks to the
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were all important additions to the Constitution because they
addressed issues that contributed to the Civil War.
Following the Civil War, the Radical Republicans in Congress
regarded the southern states as conquered territory.
According the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, citizens of the United States are BOTH
people who are born here and people who are naturalized here.
The Freedmen’s Bureau is MOST associated with which time period?
What was the MAIN purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau?
to help slaves adjust to their newfound freedom
The first ten amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, protect individual freedoms and limit the power of the federal government. What amendment limits the powers of the state government and extends Bill of Rights’ protections to citizens of a state?
Which of these groups was promised “Forty Acres and a Mule” after the Civil War?
This is the term used to describe politicians after the Civil War who opposed Lincoln’s conciliatory attitudes towards the south, opting to punish the region and those responsible for the war.
Amendment to the United States Constitution abolishing and prohibiting slavery. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
Many southerners saw Reconstruction as a violation of __________.
their states’ rights
Southern whites who cooperated with the Reconstruction governments were known as ___.
Reconstruction ended with the election of ___ as President.
Rutherford b. Hayes
The members of Congress who sought to punish the south after the Civil War were known as __________.
Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment granted ___ rights to the newly freed slaves.
Which clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment gurantee that a government will abide by the rule of law and that citizens’ rights will always be upheld?
due process and equal protection
Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment sought to keep former __________ from political office.
The Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed _______________ for all US citizens, regardless of “Previous condition of servitude.”
Which group was still not allowed to vote following passage of this amendment?
The Fifteenth Amendment was the last of the ___________________ amendments.
The _________ was founded in Pulaski, TN, immediately after the Civil War.
Ku Klux Klan
The _____ Amendment gave people the right to vote, regardless of race.
___ ___ refers to the series of laws in Southern states immediately after the Civil War that were designed to keep former slaves in a condition of servitude.
Approximately ____ years passed between the ratification of the 13th and 15th Amendments.
reconstruction acts passed
thirteenth amendment ratified
president Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated
Emancipation Proclamation issued
The “Redeemers” in the late-19th century South would have been MOST likely to support
a return to Democratic rule and an end to Reconstruction.
What was the Jim Crow system?
a system of racial casting in the South after the Civil War
Which group was created in late 1865 to resist Reconstruction efforts in the South?
Ku Klux Klan
The Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) basically legalized
the segregation of people according to race.
His election as the 19th President of the United States- thanks to the Compromise of 1877- brought an end to the Reconstruction Era.
Rutherford b. Hayes
This was the solution to the contested Presidential election of 1876 and furthermore brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War.
compromise of 1877
This politician from Tennessee became President following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, later becoming the first President to be impeached (he was found not guilty).
This is the name of the legal doctrine of discrimination of the races that was adopted in much of the United States after 1896.
separate but equal
This means segregation that comes from personal choice or choices, such as living in certain areas or attending certain places of worship. Courts have not become involved in this kind of segregation.
This means segregation that is mandated by law. This kind of segregation is unconstitutional.
This term refers to the process of taking away the right to vote from people who would normally enjoy that right.
This is the oldest and largest U.S. civil rights organization. Members of this have referred to it as The National Association.
This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.
Booker T. Washington
Founded in 1911, this organization worked to improve job opportunities and housing for blacks.
National Urban League
He was a major African American civil rights leader in the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century. He was an author, historian, and a co-founder of the NAACP in 1909.
A mob’s illegal seizure and execution of a person.
Booker T. Washington was most known for being
the founder of Tuskegee Institute.
Which of these BEST describes the differences between W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington?
Washington was an accommodationist and DuBois believed that blacks should have the same rights as whites.
This was the term given to the southern states after the end of the Reconstruction era.
This Georgian was a leader in the early civil rights movement; he became the first African-American president of Morehouse College in 1906 and was a prominent leader in the NAACP.
This social activist and reformer worked to improve Atlanta’s African-American communities through education, improved health care, and other social projects.
Lugenia Burns Hope
Born a slave just prior to the Civil War, he later became one of the most successful African American businessmen of the early 1900s, founding the Atlanta Life Insurance Company.
This movement began in the late nineteenth century by prominent African-American activists and urged former slaves and descendants of slaves to return to their native homeland.
Back to Africa
He was a Jamaican-American Civil Rights activist who was part of the “Back to Africa” movement of the early 20th century and founded the “Black Star Steamship Company” for this purpose.