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Unit 2: US History H

Which of these statements BEST explains” Jacksonian Democracy “? The presidency of Andrew Jackson is frequently referred to as” Jacksonian Democracy.” You can describe it as a federal government led by a strong president and that challenged the other Branches. You may likewise hear it called “democracy for the commoner,” considering that Jackson- a man of humble background- attempted to spread the right to vote to more people than ever previously, despite their wealth. “Jeffersonian Democracy,” connected with Thomas Jefferson, is in some cases explained as a time in which the middle- and upper-classes held most of the power and impact.

Which of these would have been PROBABLY to take the Oregon Trail? (A) Native Americans moving from the east (B) Americans attempting to decide on the west coast (C) individuals riding on the Transcontinental Railroads (D) got away servants trying to reach flexibility in the North
( B) Americans trying to settle on the west coast
This is the political concept the individual states have actually political powers associated with the federal government.

It was a significant cause of the Civil War.

States Rights

This was the principle that a state government can declare a law of the national government invalid within the borders of the state
nullification

This was the forced migration of the Cherokee Indians to Oklahoma in 1838-39.
trail of tears

This is the belief that the ultimate power of the government rests on the will of the people themselves.
Popular Sovereignty

Southerners complained that their economy was crippled by the __________.

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tariff of 1828

Which South Carolina politician became known as the “Father of Nullification”?
John C. Calhoun

The Nullification Crisis ended when ___ passed a bill to ___ the tariff.
Congress, reduce

Because he was a __________, Jefferson initially worried that the Constitution did not grant the president the right to make such a deal with a foreign nation.
strict constructionist

__________ refers to the belief that the U.S. had a divine mission, a God-given right to extend civilization across the continent.
Manifest Destiny

The idea of territorial expansion and Manifest Destiny brought the U.S. into armed conflict with ___ in 1846.
Mexico

What three types of progress are illustrated in American Progress by John Gast?
industrial, intellectual, technical

Per the Indian Removal Act, Native Americans were to be relocated west of the __________.
Mississippi River

What was Andrew Jackson’s reaction to the Supreme Court decision in Worcester v. Georgia?
He ignored it.

This was the first permanent English colony in the New World.
Jamestown

This was a religious revival that promised the grace of God to all who could experience a desire for it.
Great Awakening

This was a territory in the western U.S. purchased from France for $15 million in 1803.
Louisiana Purchase

This was the war between the North and South in the United States (1861-1865), also known as the War Between the States.
Civil War

This was the first successful colonial independence movement against a European power, 1775-1783.
American Revolution

Period used to describe Pre-Civil War in the United States.
Antebellum

This is the name given to the early-19th century religious movement in the United States, exemplified by energetic revivals and dynamic preachers.
Second Great Awakening

This was a rapid influx of fortune seekers to Sutters Mill in California in 1849.
Gold Rush

This granted tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for their territories within state borders, mainly in the Southeast.
Indian Removal Act

This was a 1200 mile route from Illinois to Salt Lake City Utah.
Mormon Trail

This was an Act of Continental Congress which initially organized the first United States territory and was to be the basis for governing how the United States would expand westward.
Northwest Ordinance

This was a major U.S. route from Missouri to the Northwest in the 19th century.
Oregon Trail

These explorers ventured into the Louisiana Territory in 1803 and became the first U.S. citizens to navigate their way westward to the Pacific Ocean.
Lewis and Clark

This Shoshone Indian girl was an invaluable guide to Lewis and Clark on their trek West.
Sacajawea

Construction on this began in 1811 and was the first federally funded turnpike in the United States.
National Road

This is the name given to the purchase of the Alaska territory from Russia in 1867, for which the U.S. paid $7 million.
Seward’s Folly

This controversial tariff was passed in 1828 to protect northern manufacturing and trade but soon became a major source of conflict between northern and southern states
tariff of abominations

A term used to describe unsettled land or territory west of the existing colonies. People that traveled to settle these areas were called pioneers
frontier

Whitney’s production of muskets led to the utilization of __________.
interchangeable parts

Who attempted to begin a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859?
John Brown

Under the compromise, __________ became the northern boundary for future slave states.
Missouri’s southern boundary

Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a national meeting at Seneca Falls in 1848. The primary purpose of this convention was to organize the
women’s suffrage movement

The efforts of Nat Turner in 1831 caused
southern states to take harsher measures to prevent slave uprisings

Which religious group is credited with being the first American abolitionist group?
The Quakers

What best describes the efforts of William Lloyd Garrison?
urged immediate emancipation of slaves in the United States.

He attempted to lead a slave revolt in Virginia in 1831, and though it was unsuccessful (he was executed for his violence), his actions represented a change in tone in the abolition movement
Nat Turner

This was crafted during a rally for women’s rights in upstate New York in 1848, and asserted that women deserved the same rights as men, rights which were guaranteed in both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
Seneca Falls Declaration

This abolitionist was executed in 1859 after leading a failed attempt at armed slave insurrection at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.
John Brown

This was a system of secret “safe-houses” and hiding places to aid runaway slaves escape.
Underground Railroad

This term describes the movement to end the slave trade and emancipate American slaves during the 1800s.
abolition

In which movement was Elizabeth Cady Stanton MOST involved with in 1840?
abolition

What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848?
women’s suffrage

Which amendment eventually achieved what Stanton had worked for most of her life?
19th amendment

The successfully executed slave rebellion involving the greatest number of enslaved people was __________.
1811 New Orleans Rebellion

This was a U.S. abolitionist who founded the North Star.
Frederick Douglass

This was a belief that alcohol consumption should be controlled through moderation and abstinence.
Temperance

She was a member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol in pre-Prohibition America, and was particularly known for promoting her viewpoint through vandalism. On many occasions, she would enter an alcohol-serving establishment and attack the bar with a hatchet. She has been the topic of numerous books, articles and even a 1966 opera by Douglas Moore, first performed at the University of Kansas. She died in 1911.
Carrie Nation

This community was at one time an experiment in Utopian communities. Founded by Germans who were persecuted by the Lutheran Church, this community believed in communal living.
New Harmony

Denmark Vesey Revolt
1822

Dred Scott Decision
1857

Harriet Tubman begins guiding on the Underground Railroad
1851

Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published
1852

Nat Turner’s Rebellion
1831

Which Supreme Court case would have had the BIGGEST impact on slaves in the United States?
Dred Scott v. Sandford

Which Supreme Court case raised the issue of a black slave who lived in a free state and questioned whether slaves were free once they set foot upon Northern soil?
Dred Scott v. Sandford

How did many free African Americans living in Northeastern United States become slaves during the Federalist period?
They were kidnapped and sold back into slavery

This is the name of the work of fiction, published in 1852, that dramatically portrayed the lives of slaves in the American South, serving as not only a spark in the abolition movement but as a motivating factor of the Civil War.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin

This is the political loyalty to one’s own region of the country over the entire country. This was a major factor leading up to the Civil War.
Sectionalism

In 1863, Lincoln changed the course of the war when he issued the __________.
Gettysburg Address

The process that would let Kansas and Nebraska decide for themselves whether to be free or slave states was known as __________.
Popular sovereignty

The violent conflict between the “Free Staters” and “Border Ruffians” is commonly called “__________.”
Bleeding Kansas

An important result of the dissolution of the Whig Party was the birth of the __________.
Republican Party

Which party was split in two over the issue of slavery?
democrats

Which candidate was, at the time of the election, the Vice President of the United States?
Breckenridge

What percentage of the electoral vote did Lincoln receive?
59%

Battle of Ft. Sumter
1861

Kansas Nebraska Act
1854

Confederate soldiers during the Civil War enjoyed a geographic advantage over Union soldiers because
most of the battlefields were located in Confederate states.

In the American Civil War, General Robert E. Lee’s military skills were instrumental in leading Confederate forces in
Virginia

During the American Civil War, the 54th Massachusetts regiment is most noteworthy for
Being the first all black regiment in the army

Ulysses S. Grant’s early success came in the western theater of war, particularly in the successful 1863 siege of
Vicksburg

The Election of 1864 was
the South’s last hope to gain independence from the North.

Which Civil War battle resulted in the Union gaining strategic control of the Mississippi River?
Vicksburg

During the American Civil War, the Confederacy hoped to receive assistance from France and Great Britain. What was a reason the South expected foreign assistance?
they sold cotton to them

This politician from Mississippi was once Secretary of War for President Franklin Pierce, thought he is more known for being the first and only President of the Confederate States of America.
Jefferson Davis

This is the city in Virginia where General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate forces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War.
Appomattox Court House

This infantry regiment was formed during the Civil War in 1863 and it bears the distinction of being the first all African-American unit in U.S. military history.
54th Massachusetts

This was a war strategy of the Union in the late stages of the Civil War. Armies would use all available resources to destroy the Confederate’s ability to resist
total war

This Union General made a name for himself at the siege at Vicksburg, though he later defeated Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to end the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant

This was one of the bloodiest battles during the American Civil War. Set in Pennsylvania, it is also credited as a major turning point for the Union in the war against the Confederacy.
battle of gettysburg

General Sherman seized Savannah, GA, just prior to what holiday?
Christmas

Jackson gained his famous nickname at the __________.
First Bull Run

A West Point graduate and Mexican War veteran, Jackson was serving as an instructor at __________ when the war began.
Virginia Military Institute

During the __________ Sherman led approximately 100,000 troops on a quest to take the economic center of the South and destroy all property that could be used to make war and commerce.
Atlanta Campaign

The Battle of ___ caused Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
Antietam

Lincoln cited his Presidential role as __________ to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
chief commander

The ___ made slavery illegal in the United States.
13th amendment

Battle of Gettysburg
July 1863

Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign
May 1864

Chickamauga
September 1863

Battle of Antietam
September 1862

Emancipation Proclamation
January 1863

Sherman’s March to the Sea
December 1864

Union blockade of Savannah, Georgia
April 1861

Which amendment was affected MOST by the Civil War?
15th amendment

A major area of disagreement between Abraham Lincoln and the Radical Republicans was that
Lincoln felt that Reconstruction was primarily the pardoning of individuals, a presidential power.

What best describes the effect that the Thirteenth Amendment had on American society?
Slavery was made illegal in the United States.

Following the American Civil War, northern cities saw an increase in population thanks in part to
the fight of former slaves from the south

The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified following which war?
Civil War

What role did Oliver O. Howard play in the Reconstruction Era?
He was the head of the Freedmen’s Bureau.

The era of Radical Reconstruction can be seen as a failure because
it did not adequately protect former slaves from having their rights violated.

Regardless of which state a person lives in, all American citizens enjoy the rights contained in the Constitution and the Amendments thanks to the
14th amendment

The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were all important additions to the Constitution because they
addressed issues that contributed to the Civil War.

Following the Civil War, the Radical Republicans in Congress
regarded the southern states as conquered territory.

According the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, citizens of the United States are BOTH
people who are born here and people who are naturalized here.

The Freedmen’s Bureau is MOST associated with which time period?
Reconstruction

What was the MAIN purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau?
to help slaves adjust to their newfound freedom

The first ten amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, protect individual freedoms and limit the power of the federal government. What amendment limits the powers of the state government and extends Bill of Rights’ protections to citizens of a state?
14th amendment

Which of these groups was promised “Forty Acres and a Mule” after the Civil War?
former slaves

This is the term used to describe politicians after the Civil War who opposed Lincoln’s conciliatory attitudes towards the south, opting to punish the region and those responsible for the war.
radical republicans

Amendment to the United States Constitution abolishing and prohibiting slavery. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
13th amendment

Many southerners saw Reconstruction as a violation of __________.
their states’ rights

Southern whites who cooperated with the Reconstruction governments were known as ___.
scalawags

Reconstruction ended with the election of ___ as President.
Rutherford b. Hayes

The members of Congress who sought to punish the south after the Civil War were known as __________.
Radical Republicans

Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment granted ___ rights to the newly freed slaves.
citizenship

Which clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment gurantee that a government will abide by the rule of law and that citizens’ rights will always be upheld?
due process and equal protection

Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment sought to keep former __________ from political office.
Confederates

The Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed _______________ for all US citizens, regardless of “Previous condition of servitude.”
voting rights

Which group was still not allowed to vote following passage of this amendment?
women

The Fifteenth Amendment was the last of the ___________________ amendments.
reconstruction

The _________ was founded in Pulaski, TN, immediately after the Civil War.
Ku Klux Klan

The _____ Amendment gave people the right to vote, regardless of race.
15th

___ ___ refers to the series of laws in Southern states immediately after the Civil War that were designed to keep former slaves in a condition of servitude.
black codes

Approximately ____ years passed between the ratification of the 13th and 15th Amendments.
5

reconstruction acts passed
1867

thirteenth amendment ratified
1865

president Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated
1868

Emancipation Proclamation issued
1863

The “Redeemers” in the late-19th century South would have been MOST likely to support
a return to Democratic rule and an end to Reconstruction.

What was the Jim Crow system?
a system of racial casting in the South after the Civil War

Which group was created in late 1865 to resist Reconstruction efforts in the South?
Ku Klux Klan

The Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) basically legalized
the segregation of people according to race.

His election as the 19th President of the United States- thanks to the Compromise of 1877- brought an end to the Reconstruction Era.
Rutherford b. Hayes

This was the solution to the contested Presidential election of 1876 and furthermore brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War.
compromise of 1877

This politician from Tennessee became President following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, later becoming the first President to be impeached (he was found not guilty).
Andrew Johnson

This is the name of the legal doctrine of discrimination of the races that was adopted in much of the United States after 1896.
separate but equal

This means segregation that comes from personal choice or choices, such as living in certain areas or attending certain places of worship. Courts have not become involved in this kind of segregation.
de facto

This means segregation that is mandated by law. This kind of segregation is unconstitutional.
de jure

This term refers to the process of taking away the right to vote from people who would normally enjoy that right.
disfranchisement

This is the oldest and largest U.S. civil rights organization. Members of this have referred to it as The National Association.
NAACP

This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.
Booker T. Washington

Founded in 1911, this organization worked to improve job opportunities and housing for blacks.
National Urban League

He was a major African American civil rights leader in the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century. He was an author, historian, and a co-founder of the NAACP in 1909.
WEB DuBois

A mob’s illegal seizure and execution of a person.
lynching

Booker T. Washington was most known for being
the founder of Tuskegee Institute.

Which of these BEST describes the differences between W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington?
Washington was an accommodationist and DuBois believed that blacks should have the same rights as whites.

This was the term given to the southern states after the end of the Reconstruction era.
New South

This Georgian was a leader in the early civil rights movement; he became the first African-American president of Morehouse College in 1906 and was a prominent leader in the NAACP.
John Hope

This social activist and reformer worked to improve Atlanta’s African-American communities through education, improved health care, and other social projects.
Lugenia Burns Hope

Born a slave just prior to the Civil War, he later became one of the most successful African American businessmen of the early 1900s, founding the Atlanta Life Insurance Company.
Alonzo Herndon

This movement began in the late nineteenth century by prominent African-American activists and urged former slaves and descendants of slaves to return to their native homeland.
Back to Africa

He was a Jamaican-American Civil Rights activist who was part of the “Back to Africa” movement of the early 20th century and founded the “Black Star Steamship Company” for this purpose.
Marcus Garvey

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Unit 2: US History H. (2018, Jan 02). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/unit-2-us-history-h-essay

Unit 2: US History H
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