Essay, Pages 4 (925 words)
The level of control a leader wishes to maintain over their team also influences their leadership style, as some may delegate work to others, but others feel the need to be involved in every aspect of day to day work therefore increasing their workload and often not utilizing their team to the best of its ability. Another factor which can influence leadership style is the organizational structure and operating methods, as they may dictate the leadership style that the managers must adopt as their own.
A leaders experience also affects their choice of leadership style because managers without a lot of experience may feel the need to lead ‘by the book’ as it where rather than use their own style for fear of making mistakes. Other factors that will affect choice of leadership styles or behaviours in workplace situations are new teams entering the workplace as this changes the dynamics of the already established teams, meaning that new personalities may need to be managed in a different way to already established teams.
Changes to health and safety laws and data protection aws may affect leadership style as a manager should always be aware of new legislations and how it affects them and their team. Personal influences and team experiences also affect choice of leadership styles as team dynamics are always changing and a good manager will always utilise their team members so that each person is working to the best of their ability. There are four main leadership styles, the first being Autocratic style which the manager retains as much control and decision making authority as possible, the manager does not give employees any input or consultation.
The next is Bureaucratic which is where the manager manages ‘by the book’ which is where everything must be completed according to procedure and protocol. Mangers using this style will only consult with those above them in the chain of command. They simple enforce the rules of the workplace. The next style of leadership is Laissez-Faire which is also known as the ‘hands off’ approach to management. The manager usually provides little or no direction and give employees as much freedom as possible. All power is given to employees and they are to dictate their own work ethics.
The last leadership style is the Democratic style which is also known as the participative style and this is where employees are encouraged to be a part of the decision making process. The democratic manager keeps their employees informed about everything that affects their work and responsibilities. This style requires the manager to have the final say in decisions but gathers information from staff members before making final said decision. 1. 2 Explain why these leadership styles or behaviours are likely to have a positive or negative effect on individual and group behaviour (24 marks)
The Autocratic leadership style is effective when there are new untrained members of staff who are unaware of policies and procedures, there is a limited time in which to make a decision, a managers power is challenged by an employee and employees do not respond to any other leadership style. It is not effective when employees become emotional, employees expect to have say in decisions, when employees become dependant on mangers for all decision making in the workplace, this style is also ineffective when there low employee moral, a high turnover of staff and absenteeism.
The Bureaucratic leadership style is effective when employees need to understand policies and procedures, also when employees are working with dangerous or delicate equipment such as medication and hoisting equipment which require a definite set of procedures and training. It is also effective when safety and security training is being conducted. It is not effective when employees establish work habits that are not beneficial to their clients, also when employees lose interest in their jobs and fellow works.
It is also ineffective when employees become stagnated in their work and feel that they only need to do what is expected of them and nothing more. The next leadership style Laissez-Faire which is effective when employees are highly skilled and educated, when employees have a strong work ethic and drive to be successful on their own. It is also effective when team members are utilizing their skills in the workplace and also when employees are trustworthy and experience. It is not effective when employees do not feel that the management is dependable, when the employees have no feedback on their work and how well they are undertaking tasks.
It also ineffective when the manager does not understand the requires of their role and depends on employees to intervene and undertake the mangers responsibilities. The last leadership style is Democratic which is effective when employees are informed of all matters that effect their work, the leader wants employees involved in decision making and problem solving, changes must be made to the dynamics of a team and when team building and participation are encouraged. It is least effective when time constraints effect employees input, when it is cost effective for the manager to make all the decisions.
It is also least effective when the employees safety is a critical concern. UNDERSTAND LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AND REVIEW OWN LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AND POTENTIAL 2. 1 Assess own leadership behaviours and potential in the context of a particular leadership model and own organisation’s working practice and culture using feedback from others (State your findings below) (28 marks) 2. 2 Describe appropriate actions to enhance own leadership behaviour in the context or the particular leadership model (24 marks)