P,C,A, is about how we work with the individual how we give them and show them their rights, rights that they have in life about the choices they can make and how to maintain their privacy and dignity. Looking at the person as a whole not just meeting one of their personal needs but all of their needs by listening and helping the individual to make choices.
1.2 & 1.3 Explain why person-centred values must and should influence all social care work… The influence meets the needs of individuals by providing the best quality care and by insuring you give best care you are influencing a good quality life by treating the individual the way you would want a member of your family to b treated.
305.2 Understand how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting… 2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan… Care plans are about the individuals and their preferences, needs and wishes.
If done with the correct information then it gives information to others about the individual, their needs, preference’s, needs and wishes it enables the care plan to be completed accurately and reflect about the individual and their preferences, needs and wishes.
2.2 Describe ways to put person-centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation… Person-centred value in practice would be when an individual is showing distress or being threatening behaviour because of things distressing them, you would ask them what is distressing them, if the individual cannot talk but you know their triggers which could be being asked to much in one sentence or talking to quick to them, once you have found out what s wrong you would then implement practice that has been agreed by staff and other professionals to prevent the risk of serious implications which would be self harm or harming others around them.
305.2 Understand how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting cont… 2.3 Evaluate the use of care plans in applying person-centred values… Care Plans are the primary source of individual’s information. Every specialty, Physical Therapist Occupational Therapist G,P, dentist etc, do an evaluation of the individual and formulate a program of goals for the individual to complete, therapies needed, schedule of goal levels, etc. Each person interacting with the patient can refer to the care plan for any information needed. Done properly the care plan reflects a total person and how to best help them fulfil their goals.
2.4 Explain the importance of monitoring an individual’s changing needs or preferences… The importance monitoring changes in an individual is to help us see when or f the individual health is deterioration i.e. their mobility/ability if they seem to be walking worse or f they find it hard to stand p to transfer from chair to chair or if you notice that they are not doing their personal care as good as they normally do, also if they need a change in help with their environment if they need extra help with walking aids or even hearing aid.
305.3 Understand the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support… 3.1 Describe factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent… To consider the influences of the capacity of an individual we would take into account their age if they are able to participate in making options for their self, if they are actually aware of choices that have to be made i.e. doctor appointments or any form of surgery and if they have the mental capacity to consent to surgery or even being seen by opposite sex professional.
3.2 Explain how to establish consent for an activity to action… To be able give consent the individual is to be able to verbally consent or even write it down and sign for it or ask their representative or advocate.
305.3 Understand the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support cont… 3.3 Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established… If it’s possible not to continue with the task until we have spoken to the C, S, L, or T, C, but write down any information relevant to the task maybe if needed to arrange a best interest meeting with advocates or next of kin to be able to continue the task.
305.4 Understand how to implement and promote active participation… 4.1 Explain the principles of active participation… Active participation is a way of working that recognises an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible; the individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or support, rather than a passive recipient.
4.2 Explain how the holistic needs of an individual can be addressed by active participation… Holistic covers all aspect of the individual’s health and well-being and base on their needs and not others as each person has their own needs and specification of care.
4.3 Explain how to work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented… Whilst you are having discussions with the individual we provide encouragement from family or advocates also whilst discussing we would provide useful information that they would be able to understand and ensuring that we are using the appropriate persuasion techniques.
4.4 Explain how to promote the understanding and use of active participation… It is important to engage the individual and maybe appropriate to use physical as well as visual communication aids. Enabling and support individual’s to access community resources and facilities; perhaps by way of design of suitable events. Inclusion of family members as well as friends would also encourage active participation.
305.5 Understand how to support an individual’s right to make choices… 5.1 Describe different approaches to support an individual to make informed choices… The different approaches we could use to help make informed choice would be discussions with providing relevant information with guidance from friends and family also with advocates and other support services.
5.2 Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others… I would use and follow the complaint procedure by speaking to my senior member of staff also write up a list of what is of concern on behalf of our people and insist on having a second opinion.
5.3 Explain the consequences of allowing the personal views of others to influence an individual’s choices… The possible consequence would be lack of motivation of doing anything for you or other people, low self esteem and showing signs of stress because of lack of choice which could lead to the individuals needs not being met which in turn could mean the person is being abused.
305.6 Understand how to promote an individual’s well being… 6.1 Explain the links between identity, self-image and self esteem… The link between the three is if you are confident with you identity with the way you look and are then yourself image is projected throw it and you have high self esteem of yourself. If you not confident with you identity then you more than likely to lean on others and have lower self esteem.
6.2 Explain factors that contribute to the well-being of an individual… The factors that contribute would be Spiritual factors that enrich lives and touch people and are uplifting on a deep level such as religion, music and art. Religious- factors such as attending church or a mosque or visits from their local religious leaders, being able to celebrate religious celebrations also having a quiet place to prey. 305.6 Understand how to promote an individual’s well being cont… 6.2 Explain factors that contribute to the well-being of an individual cont… Cultural- factors that respect the individual’s likes choices and preferences and that give them a sense of what is normal to them. Social- factors such as opportunities to be with others, to communicate with others, to share in group activities.
6.3 Explain the importance of supporting an individual in a way that promotes their sense of identity self image and self esteem… There are multitudes of approaches for supporting an individual in a manner that promotes their sense of identity and self esteem. It is best to allow them to suggest what they want to do or to attempt to do things their own way and provide gentle coaching to steer them along.
6.4 Describe ways to contribute to an environment that promotes well-being… To promote well-being in the individual’s house/ their bedroom you would put in their room things that identity them with things that they like or are into be it their favourite ornaments or pictures to make it their
305.7 Understand the role of risk assessment in enabling a person-centred approach… 7.1 Compare different uses of risk assessment in adult social care settings… Types of risk assessment we follow are about mobility on what we do on outings. The different use of a risk assessment would depend on the reason of use it would evaluate the difference of preventing accidents which would lead to injuries to individuals, workers and others, it would describe the procedure and steps we would follow to help prevent accidents. Risk assessments are also to make sure we meet legal requirements.
7.2 Explain how risk assessment relates to rights and responsibilities… Risk assessment is legal right to protect people from danger or harm of the surrounding area of the person. There has to be a clear guidance in what is dangerous for the person or harmful.
305.7 Understand the role of risk assessment in enabling a person-centred approach cont… 7.3 Explain how risk-taking relates to rights and responsibilities Risk taking relates to rights and responsibilities in the following ways Freedom of choice, Maintaining independence, Maintaining dignity and respect of each other
7.4 Explain why risk assessment need to be regularly revised… They are revised annually or if circumstances changes in people or person also in if the surroundings or equipment have changed it also ensures that we are up-to-date on what’s happening.
7.5 Explain the importance of using agreed risk assessment processes to support choice… Each individual supported also staff has risk assessment’s as part of their support plan. The risk assessment contains information about the person and type of care and support they need. It tells you how to do tasks that may need risk assessment and best option has been established, be it moving and handling has changed due to health issues or that the individual don’t like that way.