Types of Intelligence
Types of Intelligence
Throughout centuries, people have wondered what makes some people highly intelligent, moderately intelligent, and some with low intelligence. In order to determine intelligence one must first know what intelligence is. Intelligence by definition means to learn, understand, and or deal with new experiences. Individuals use intelligence to think rationally during critical times. Intelligence in an individual measured through heredity.
In addition, to heredity intelligence comes through a person’s environment. Important factors that help build the intelligence level through ones environment are from schooling and positive surroundings. Due to the fact that humans are all different and have different backgrounds and environmental factors, there are several different types of intelligence. One person may be book smart as to where another person is considered to be “street” smart.
The basic categories of intelligence are as follows: musical intelligence (where one has skills in tasks that involve music), spatial intelligence (skills involving special configurations), bodily kinesthetic intelligence ( skills in using the whole body or various portions of it in the solution of problems or in construction), interpersonal intelligence (skills in interacting with other individuals), intrapersonal intelligence ( knowledge of the internal aspects of oneself), linguistic intelligence (skills involved in the production and use of language), logical-mathematical intelligence (skills in problem solving and scientific method), naturalistic intelligence (ability to identify and classify patterns in nature),and emotional intelligence (skills that underlie the accurate assessment, evaluation, expression, and regulation of emotion).
How intelligent are you? This may be a question that you ask yourself or that you ask yourself of other people. Which category of intelligence do you fall into? Are you better at one type of intelligence or can you be intelligent in several different ways? “Psychologist who study intelligence have focused much of their attention on the development of intelligence tests which are tests devised to quantify a person’s level of intelligence.
These tests have proved to be of great benefit in identifying students in need of special attention in school, diagnose cognitive difficulties, and helping people make optimal educational and vocational choices” (Feldman, 2010, p. 371). Intelligence can be measured in several different ways. Typically intelligence testing has compared a person’s mental age (what they know) and a person’s chronological age (what they should know) in the determination of their intelligence quotient. The intelligence quotient is a score given to an individual based off of the two determining factors as listed in the previous sentence, mental age and chronological age. Throughout the years, not everyone has agreed on intelligence testing. One of the main debates is what is exactly being tested.
Two of the most famous IQ tests are the Stanford-Binet and The Wechsler Intelligence Scales, measure intelligence as a construct composed of both verbal and nonverbal components. On these IQ tests, respondents are asked to solve different types of problems, some of these problems measure vocabulary, mathematics, and general information skills, while the others assess the ability to assemble sequences of pictures to tell a story or determine what is missing from a series of pictures (Parisi, 2011) These tests are made up of a group of sub-tests such as the Block design test and the Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. Even with the sub categories, not everyone believes that these tests can prove intelligence as measuring high and low.
One must also look at the environment an individual comes through; environment factors may impair ones “intelligence”. Logically, one would think if an individual taking the IQ test has no knowledge of the material they tested on, then this person might fail the test. How would this process give an accurate account of what information the person actually does know? The way an individual process and retain information that they are exposed too also plays a part in the level of intelligence. Intelligence is something that everyone has. However, not everyone will share the same level of intelligence. The level of intelligence changes in each individual depending upon certain factors.
The levels of intelligence come from environmental factors, exposure to different situations, and continued education that an individual might have. It is important to know to what level of intelligence a person has. If a particular individual is in school and the work seems to be too easy, performing a test on the student can assist in giving the student the proper assignments. I do believe in testing the intelligence of individuals. Without these test many people would fall to the wayside without any hope to prosper in a career. The reality of the matter is that when children or young adults are given the opportunity to test their intelligence they should take the offer. It enables the individual to see his/her potential in certain areas.
In addition, it allows the individual to know their weaknesses in order to make them stronger in situations. May people say testing can cause individuals to miss several other key factors in life such as childhood, making friends, socialization, and independence? I have to disagree with these statements. It is more than possible to be very intelligent and still have a healthy and fun childhood. However, if the test were to show results of a lesser intelligence; this helps to teach what has not been learned. These are the basic functions of life. If a person is able to thrive in areas according to their ages and the assistance of a test then more power to the successful. Let the test begin.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 21 December 2016
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