In a utopian society, employees would be granted with equal rights, treatments, and opportunities, regardless of their gender or race. However, in reality, most employees are often treated with harshness and unfairness due to their gender, race, and for other characteristics. Workplace discrimination is an expression of prejudice, resulting from social stereotypes, myths regarding motherhood and traditional gender roles, and psychological and mental health affects.
Social stereotypes are generalized beliefs of individuals belonging into particular social groups. Stereotypes often create discrimination in the workplace for influencing negative impressions on individuals and on groups of people.
Contributions of social stereotypes include: ethnicity, race, culture, religion, age, and gender. There is evidence supporting “gender inequalities in the workplace, from the discrimination directed against women, studies indicating that because of personal discrimination against women, decision makers have sexist attitudes towards working women” (Verniers 1). Immigrants experience many integrating challenges within the workplace, as employers have disapproving views on immigrants. “Myths according to which immigrants take jobs away from the host society members and increase crime rates mediated the relationship between prejudice and opposition to immigration” (Verniers 2).
This quote evidently reveals the common social stereotypes placed on immigrants and people’s’ impressions of them, explaining the difficulties of workplace discrimination for immigrants.
Numerous myths correlate with the discrimination towards women in the workplace.
The most common reasons for discrimination that women experience are: motherhood, pregnancy,
favorable gender roles and family relationships, and the expectations of women eventually becoming mothers. Motherhood myths fulfill the reasonable explanation when regarding gender discrimination in the workplace. Motherhood myths include the assumptions that women “neglect their duty of properly caring for their children and threaten family relationships and jeopardize their mother-children bondings and women, by nature are endowed with parenting abilities and that at-home mothers provide their children with nurturing surroundings” (Verniers 3). Motherhood myths reason with “women naturally and instinctual are biologically rooted to raise children and that men are lacking” (Verniers 3). Motherhood myths are an explanation “that connects the relationships between sexism and opposition to women’s work following the birth of a child” (Verniers 3).
Racism is the discrimination concerning of someone apart of a different race, with the belief that one’s race is superior. Children and adolescents from “ethnic minority groups are vulnerable and experience the harmful results of racism through psychological and mental health effects that can continue into adulthood” (Priest 1). Negative effects of racism among young children and adolescents have been “associated with negative mental health outcomes such as, poor physical health, cognitive and social development, and chronic diseases and illnesses” (Priest 1). Racism impairments children and adolescents through stereotypes, racial discrimination and prejudices, which ultimately, can negatively affect a child’s health. Discriminatory treatments, negative perspectives, and judgements towards members of a particular social group, can experience psychological health effects, that impact them throughout their life. Children may experience “racism directly, where they themselves are the target of racism, or they may witness their parents, caregivers, family members, and peers being targeted of racism” (Priest 2). Young children and adolescents are able to distinguish the behaviors of racists people and also experience the negative effects of racism.
Ultimately, in today’s society, employees often encounter workplace discrimination for their race or gender, and other characteristics that are incapable of changing. Within the workplace, employees are dealt with social stereotypes, myths regarding motherhood and traditional gender roles, and psychological and mental health effects. Although, these workplace prejudices have been occurring for long periods of time, there will come a time where eventually employees will be treated with all equal rights and with respect.