Type of bullying Essay
Type of bullying
Children are bullied in different forms. Some of the common ways are teasing, physically hitting or attacking, socially ignoring or isolating, calling of names, stealing of personal property or defacing repeatedly, spreading of rumours or publicly or privately humiliated and embarrassed. (Smith, 2000) There are many types of bullying identified. Direct Bullying Indirect Bullying Verbal Bullying Taunting, Teasing, Name-calling Spreading Rumours Physical Bullying Hitting, kicking, shoving, destruction or theft of property Enlisting a friend to assault someone for you.
Non-verbal/ Non-physical Bullying Threatening, Obscene gestures Excluding others from a group, manipulation of friendships, threatening e-mail. Figure 1: Common Forms of Bullying (Olweus, 1993) Some of these are described below: – Physical bullying: This type of bullying involves physical hitting or punching of the victim. – Verbal bullying – Here the victim is teased or called names. – Non-verbal or emotional bullying – In this case the victim is intimidated using gestures or exclusion of the victim. – Cyber bullying – In this case, the victim is insulted through e-mail messages or text messages using an electronic medium.
(Richter, N. , 2005) Cyber bullying and its Special Characteristics Cyber bullying has gained more prominence in the current society due to the increased use of technology products. Cyber bullying can be defined as the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) especially mobile phones and the internet to deliberately harm someone else. Some of the common communication channels used for cyber bullying is emails, social networking sites, video hosting sites, virtual learning environments, instant messengers, mobile phones, gaming sites, chat rooms, message boards, webcams.
While it is an extension of the face-to-face bullying, technology provides an easy route for the bullies to harass their targets. It is significant because of its nature as it is difficult to control electronic communication unlike the other kinds of bullying where physical and supervisory methods are effective. The size of the audience, the method of communication, higher degree of anonymity possible, all make it more difficult bullying method to contain. Cyber bullying can take different forms such as – threats and intimidation, – harassment.
– Cyber-stalking: Cyber stalking involves activities such as repeated sending of unwanted texts or instant messages through the mobile or internet. – Vilification or defamation – Exclusion or peer rejection – Impersonation – Unauthorised publication of private information or images – Manipulation Cyber bullying also reduces the gap between an unintentional activity and a bullying activity. Due to the nature of the medium, some messages or internet communication that started as a joke or may become a bullying activity as the messages quickly reach large audience.
In addition, the distance between the bully and the victim is logically large and it is easy to misinterpret or put things out of context due to this distance. The impact of the cyber-bullying is difficult to gauge due to the ability of the media to reach large number of recipients within a very short period of time before any reconciliatory action can be taken. In addition, the content on the digital world can be easily replicated on multiple websites or communication channels with minimal affect. Also the content can easily reappear on the internet through some channel even if the content is removed from one channel.
Hence controlling becomes very difficult in the case of cyber bullying. Another important characteristic of cyber-bullying is that the bystanders can become perpetrators easy by just forwarding, showing the content to another person. It is often not very clear to the participant that they are part of the bullying activity but they participate. Cyber bullying can be used as a method for carrying out different types of bullying such as racist bullying, homophobic bullying, bullying related to special educational needs and disabilities.
Cyber bullying has gained importance as indicated by the different researches that were carried out. A research carried out by Goldsmiths for the Anti-Bullying alliance indicate that about 22 percent of the 11-16 year olds have been victims of cyber bullying. The report prepared by MSN on cyber bullying indicates that about 11 percent of the UK teens had experienced cyber bullying. A four year study conducted by Noret and River on bullying in 2007 found that about 15 percent of the 11,227 children surveyed had been subjected to cyber bullying in the form of nasty or aggressive text messages and emails.
It has also been demonstrated that the cyber bullying has increased over year on year. A research conducted by DCSF indicates that 34 percent of 12-15 year old people reported having subjected to cyber bullying. As indicated by the evidence collected by NASUWT through teacher surveys indicate that cyber bullying severely impacts the life of the work and severely affects the staff motivation, job satisfaction and teaching practice. (DSCF, 2007)
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 5 June 2017
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