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Disaster occurred in Japan as America delivers the final blow. America dropped atomic bombs on two major cities in Japan. The bombs in Nagasaki and Hiroshima caused many deaths and injuries in Japan. Little Boy and Fat Man were the names of the two atomic bombs that effected many lives. America sought to end World War II and demanded unconditional surrender of Japan. America felt that the only way to achieve these two goals was to attack them.
Harry S. Truman was the President of the United States when the two bombs were dropped.
Truman warned the Japanese to surrender. Truman said that he does not regret dropping the bombs since he felt that it was the only thing America could do and for the fact that he warned Japan that America had a deadly weapon to use against them. The bombings were successful and caused the Japanese to surrender, which ultimately led to the end of the world war. On August 6th, 1945 at 8:15 AM the Little Boy bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima. The Elona Gay was the B-12 bomber that dropped the bomb on the city. It was also called aircraft 4486292 and was part of the 509th Composite Group. The pilot of the aircraft was Colonel Paul Tibbets.
The bomb caused much damage, destroying about 90% of the city. There were more than 130,000 casualties. Many still suffer from the effects of the radiation. This bomb was fueled by uranium-235 and was highly radioactive. Even after this bomb demolished almost the entire city, Japan still refused to surrender.
Three days after the bombing of Hiroshima, the city of Nagasaki was bombed. The bomb was given the name Fat Man. About one third of the city was destroyed, and there were more than 64,000 casualties. This bomb was dropped on August 9th, 1945 at 11:02 a.m. The bomb was fueled by platinum 239, which is one of the three main isotopes used as fuel in nuclear reactors, along with uranium-235. The bomb had similar effects as the Little Boy bomb, but the city of Nagasaki had less damage than Hiroshima. Japan finally waived the white flag.
August 15th, 1945 was the date of Japanese surrender. Victory over Japan Day, also called V-J Day, is a holiday in Rhode Island. The Japanese waived the white flag six days after the bombing of Nagasaki. This brought an end to World War II, which lasted six years. The horrific war lasted from 1939-1945. This war had the most casualties than in any other war that America was involved in. The world war ended with an Allied victory. The bombings provoked people to start asking many questions. Questions such as “Were the bombings needed?” and “Did America go too far” aroused. The bombings caused many civilian casualties, something that nations usually try to avoid. President Harry S. Truman and Paul Tibbets both had no regrets and said that they would do it again.
The bombings put an end to World War II. Years of fighting were put to an end, and the Allies were awarded victory. The end of the war was preceded by post-war division, and eventually the Cold War. Much controversy still exists. Many still question if it was necessary to bomb Japan. The bombings caused may casualties and crushed the hearts of families. The bombings were an overall success for America since their goal was to cause Japan to surrender.
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