Trojan War, in Greek legend, well-known war waged by the Greeks against the city of Troy. The custom is thought to reflect a genuine war between the Greeks of the late Mycenaean period and the inhabitants of the Troad, or Troas, in Anatolia, part of present-day Turkey. Modern archaeological excavations have actually shown that Troy was damaged by fire at some point in between 1230 bc and 1180 bc, and that the war might have resulted from the desire either to ransack the rich city or to put an end to Troy’s commercial control of the Dardanelles.
Legendary accounts of the war traced its origin to a golden apple, inscribed “for the fairest” and thrown by Eris, goddess of discord, amongst the incredible visitors at the wedding event of Peleus, the ruler of Myrmidons, and Thetis, one of the Nereids.
The award of the apple to Aphrodite, goddess of love, by Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, protected for Paris the favor of the goddess and the love of the gorgeous Helen of Troy, spouse of Menelaus, the king of Sparta.
Helen went with Paris to Troy, and an exploration to avenge the injury to Menelaus was placed under the command of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae. Agamemnon’s force included lots of well-known Greek heroes, the most kept in mind of whom were Achilles, Patroclus, the 2 Ajaxes, Teucer, Nestor, Odysseus, and Diomedes. After the Trojans refused to bring back Helen to Menelaus, the Greek warriors assembled at the Bay of Aulis and continued to Troy in 1000 ships.
The siege lasted 10 years, the very first 9 of which were uneventful. In the tenth year, Achilles withdrew from fight because of his anger with Agamemnon; Achilles’ action furnished Homer with the theme of the Iliad. To avenge the death of his pal Patroclus, Achilles went back to battle and eliminated Hector, the principal Trojan warrior. Subsequent events, explained in later legendary poems, included Achilles’ success over Penthesilea, queen of the Amazons, and Memnon, king of Ethiopia, and the death of Achilles at the hands of Paris.
The city of Troy was captured at last by treachery. A force of Greek warriors gained entrance to the city by hiding in the interior of a large wooden horse. Subsequently the Greeks sacked and burned the city. Only a few Trojans escaped, the most famous being Aeneas, who led the other survivors to what is present-day Italy; this story is told by Virgil in the Aeneid. The return of the Greek warriors to Greece inspired epic poems, the most celebrated being that of Odysseus, whose 10-year wanderings and arrival in Ithaca are told in Homer’s Odyssey. Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.
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Trojan War. (2016, Nov 05). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/trojan-war-essay