Transportation in London Essay
Transportation in London
The red London double-decker bus also known as the Route master is kind of a trademark for London. It is a part of the streets of London. It has been there for many years and still is. London’s bus network is extensive, with over 6,800 scheduled services every weekday carrying about six million passengers on over 700 different routes making it one of the most extensive bus systems in the world and by far the largest in Europe. The bus system carries more passengers than the underground, because of the 24hour service with 100-routes in the nighttime. In 1829 the ﬁrst buses drove the streets of London, but back then it was horse-drawn.
The man that ﬁrst thought of this was George Shilibeer. In 1850 Thomas Tiling started a horse bus service. In 1902 LGOC – London General Omnibus Company started using motor buses. In 1909 Thomas Clarkson started National Steam Car Company, to run buses in the streets of London. On 25 October 1911 the last LGOC horse-drawn bus ran. In 1912 the underground group bought the LGOC. Through the time the service have lived on under many names, but is still there.
London Underground – The tube The London Underground, called the Tube, is the oldest metro system in the world. The ﬁrst part of the Tube, which is now called Circle line, Hammersmith & city line and parts of the Metropolitan line, opened in 1863. The Tube serves 270 stations covering Great London and parts of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex. The Tube covers 402 kilometres of track, which makes the Tube the second longest metro system in the world, behind the Shanghai Metro. The Tube is an international icon towards London and The Tube Map’s design has inspired a lot of transportation ﬁrms.
In daily speech the entire system is called the Tube, but in fact there are to parts of the system. The Tube and the cut-and-cover lines. The Tube runs about twenty meters below the surface, and is called The Tube due to the fact that, the Tubes has been dug out with tunnel boring machines, which digs round holes. The cutand-cover-lines has been made by digging ﬁve meters in to the ground, and then covering the holes again, after installing the tracks. Due to this, the Tube trains are much smaller and have a more circular proﬁl. In the picture a cut! and-cover train is passing a Tube train.
London Taxi There are around 21.000 black cabs in London. A taxicab-driver must know the ‘points of interest’ along the routes including streets, squares, clubs, hospitals, hotels, theatres, embassies, government and public buildings, railway stations, police stations, courts, diplomatic buildings, important places of worship, cemeteries, crematoria, parks and open spaces, sports and leisure centers, places of learning, restaurants and historic buildings. Leaning these things is called The Knowledge. Being a taxi driver in London is much harder than in other countries, because of The Knowledge. The taxicab driver is required to be able to decide routes immediately in response to a passenger’s request or trafﬁc conditions, rather than stopping to look at a map, relying on satellite navigation or asking a controller by radio.
Consequently, the knowledge is the in-depth study of a number of pre-set London street routes and places of interest that taxicab drivers in that city must complete to obtain a license to operate a black cab. It was initiated in 1865, and has changed little since. It is claimed that the training involved ensures that London taxi drivers are experts on London, and have an intimate knowledge of the city. It is the world’s most demanding training course for taxicab-drivers, and applicants will usually need at least twelve ‘appearances’ (attempts at the ﬁnal test), after preparation averaging 34 months, to pass the examination.
Other public transportation services in London The ﬁrst thing i did, was thinking. I thought back to the time i was in London “how did we get around in London?”. The ﬁrst thing that popped into my head, was the tube. but Jacob is writing about that. Then i thought of the famous black cabs in London – but Mohe i writing about that. Then i went to http://www.tﬂ.gov.uk – the ofﬁcial web site for transportation i London. The site mentions DLR, River, Trams, cycling and emirates Air terminal. DLR The Docklands Light Railway (the DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the re-developed Docklands area of London. It reaches north to Stratford, south to Lewisham, west to Tower Gateway and Bank in the City of London ﬁnancial district, and east to Beckton, London City Airport and Woolwich Arsenal. It was the ﬁrst automated regular train service in London.
The system is not entirely unmanned: it uses minimal stafﬁng on board trains and at major interchange stations. Similar proposals have been made for the adjacent system, the Tube. River Buses London River Services is a division of Transport for London (TfL), which manages passenger transport on the River Thames in London, UK. They do not own or operate any boats but license the services of other operators. The services they regulate are a mixture of leisure-oriented tourist services and commuter services. The River Thames is generally no more than 300m wide as it runs through central London, and is easily crossed by bridge or tunnel. River boat services in London therefore mostly travel east or west along the Thames rather than across it, and the only major cross-river ferry services are to be found further downstream where the river is wider.
London’s river service network is not as extensive as those of Hong Kong or Sydney, but with recent investment in river public transport and the creation of London River Services, water transport in the British capital is experiencing a revival. More than 2,000 commuters a day now travel by river which adds up to three million people per year, a ﬁgure that is set to increase with preparations for the 2012 Olympics and tourist trafﬁc during the games. Trams Tramlink (originally and sometimes still called Croydon Tramlink) is a tramway system in south London in the United Kingdom which began operation in May 2000.
The service is operated by London Tramlink, an arm of Transport for London (TfL). Tramlink serves seven National Rail stations and has one interchange with the London Underground, at Wimbledon station for the District Line, and one with London Overground, at West Croydon for the East London Line; one of the factors leading to its creation was that the area around Croydon has no Underground service. Tramlink runs on a mixture of street track shared with other trafﬁc, dedicated track in public roads, and off-street track consisting of new rights-of-way, former railway lines, and one section of alignment, though not track, shared with a third rail electriﬁed Network Rail line. Emirates Air terminal The Emirates Air Line (also known as the Thames cable car) is a cable car link across the River Thames in London built with sponsorship from the airline Emirates.
The service opened on 28 June 2012 and is operated by Transport for London. The service, announced in July 2010 and estimated to cost £60 million, comprises a 1-kilometre gondola line that crosses the River Thames from the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks. Construction began in August 2011.