Training and development is the field concerned with organizational activity aimed at bettering the performance of individuals and groups in organizational settings. It has been known by several names, including employee development, human resource development, learning and development.
An organization which aspires to grow must be in tune with the changing needs of the society. Training become relevant in the context since it is only through training that the gap between performance of the organization and the felt of a changing society can be neutralized. Training reduces the gap by increasing employee’s knowledge, skill, ability and attitude.
Training and development are terms which are sometimes used interchangeably. Development was seen as an activity associated with managers. In contrast training has immediate concern and has been associated with improving the knowledge and skill of non-managerial employees in the present job.
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Training which is a vehicle for human resource development is concerned with improving the skills of the employees and enhancing their capacity to cope up with ever changing demands of the work situation. It also makes a positive contribution to the empowerment of the employees.
Every organization needs the services of trained persons for performing the activities in a systematic way. The fast changing technological development makes the knowledge of employees obsolete. They require constant training to cope with the needs of jobs. After selecting the employees, the next task of management is to give them proper training.
Training is differ from college education since management is relating experience to learning go from experience and concept. Training is purely vocational in contrast to education. The main purpose of which is the development of general culture. The term training indicates the process involved in improving the aptitude, skills, and abilities of the employees to perform specific jobs.
Raw human resource can make only limited contribution towards the achievements of the organization objectives. Hence the demand for the developing human resource are continuosly increasing thus training is a kind of investment. Training is a vital phase of management control. It helps in reducing accidents eliminating wastages and increases the quality of work.
Thus training programs must focus on soft skill such as interpersonal communication, team work, innovation and leadership. Most importantly the training has to be comprehensive, systematic and strategy with which the company is planning to fight the competition. In the future it is training that will act as between customers and the organization.
Training refers to methods used to give new or present employees the skills they need to perform their jobs. Training might their mean showing a machinist how to operate his new machine, a new salesmen how to sell firm product or a new supervisor how to interview the employee.
Training focus has broadened in the past few years. Training used to focus mostly on teaching technical skills. Such as training assembles to solder wires or teacher to devise lesson plan. However technical training like that is no longer sufficient. Thus , it can be concluded that training is a process that tries to improve skills, or add to the existing level of knowledge. So that the employee is better equipped to do his present job.
Training makes a very important contribution to the development of the organization human resource and hence to the achievement of its aims and objectives. To achieve its purpose training needs to be effectively managed so that right training is given to the right people in the right form at the right time and at the right cost.