Traditional Clothing in Lithuania Essay
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Aukštaitija’ women wore long, wide, and gathered at the waist linen shirts. They were made from linen or woollen. A linen skirt in Aukštaitija was often white with a red border. And a woollen skirt was four coloured. The dominant colours were green and red with yellow and purple. For special occasions two skirts were worn. Shirts had red ornaments. Sleeves were decorated. Aprons in Aukštaitija were made of white linen, decorated red only or red and blue ornamental stripes.
A woman’s bodice (corsage) was especially decorative in Aukštaitija. It was made of home-made wool. Gold, silver, green or red were the most popular colours for bodices. Women’s footwear was made by local shoemakers from leather.
Men in Aukštaitija wore grey, brown woollen caftans. Similar cloth was also used to make long trousers. A felt hat was an important part of their costume.
In Žemaitija women wore long linen shirts. They were decorated red.
Outer skirts were usually patterned with vertical stripes. Women in Žemaitija were not satisfied with only two skirts, they wore even more. Especially colourful skirts were worn in northern Žemaitija. They were woven with red, green, yellow, violet, dark red, white, and black stripes, although red was usually the dominant colour. Shirts were usually white with red narrow collars. Aprons for special occasions were wide, gathered at the waist and shorter than the skirt.
They were made of white linen. Bodices worn by most women in Žemaitija were very different from those found anywhere in Lithuania. They had shortened waists, sewn under the chest. They were rather short, reaching only the waist. Women in Žemaitija wore leather shoes with laces. The most popular headwear for young women in Žemaitija were crowns made from silk ribbons. Most scarves in Žemaitija were made of linen or cotton and were patterned red or white.
Men in Žemaitija wore caftans sewed from woollen cloth. They were dark green or black. Caftans were gathered at the waist. Later caftans were replaced by coat. Under the caftans men wore long trousers and plain linen shirts. Men in Žemaitija wore high boots.
The parts of the shirts that could be seen from under the bodice were embroidered. These included the collar, shoulder tabs, chest and cuffs. Skirts in Dzūkija were usually patterned with fine checkers. They also wore skirts with vertical stripes. Favourite colours: green, red and purple. Aprons in Dzūkija were made of linen with white and red or white and blue coloured checkers. Women in Dzūkija sewed their bodices for special occasions from silk or wool. Their favourite colours were dark red, green, blue and black. Women’s footwear in Dzūkija was leather shoes. Girls in Dzūkija decorated their heads with crowns and galloons.
Men in Dzūkija wore caftans from grey woollen cloth. Long pants were made of the same cloth. Their footwear consisted typically of high or short boots.
Women in Suvalkija wore wide, gathered skirts which were vertically striped. They were dominated by one main color that was usually dark. Shirts here have wide beautifully gathered sleeves. Aprons are colourful replaced. On a dark background we can see multicoloured lilies, stars, and other patterns. Bodices were made of silk, wool. Suvalkija women wore leather shoes. In times of cold weather, women wore caftans.
Men in Suvalkija wore caftans pleated at the back. Men in Suvalkija wore long trousers. Tunic style shirts were sewn from white linen cloth and were sometimes decorated with pleats or white embroidery. They also wore high boots and hats with straight brims that were decorated with feathers and flowers.
Women in Klaipėda wore embroidered shirts. Women’s woolen skirts were striped lengthwise or checkered. They were wide and gathered. The skirts had narrow horizontal green, brown, blue, or yellow stripes and were pleated. Aprons were made of white linen and striped vertically or horizontally. Later aprons became darker, along with the entire costume. They were blue or brown tones. Bodices in Klaipėda were sewn silk, velvet, or wool. The bodices were green or dark blue. Women in Klaipėda wore leather shoes
Men in Klaipėda wore dark blue or black caftans and linen shirts cut in a tunic style. They wore leather or colorfully embroidered belts, wore high boots with long trousers. Sometimes short boots and decorated wool socks – with the short pants. Hats with straight brims were decorated with ribbons or sashes tied across the top of the hats.