In this project, I will be studying tourism in Kenya, its advantages, disadvantages and types and the impacts of the tourism. The project will be divided into different sections including a 6-day holiday guide and 6 diary entries about a trip to Kenya.
Resources in Kenya:
There are many resources that attract tourists to Kenya, the main one being that Kenya is very unique country. It has a varied landscape, spectacular wildlife and a very pleasant climate. There is amazing range of nature, including wonderful sandy beaches with palm trees and wonderful blue seas containing wild coral.
The hotels are also of very high standard as they are usually managed by foreign investors.
Origins Of Tourism:
However tourism has not been a steady income for many people in Kenya. Some year’s tourism has been booming but other years many people are left in serious trouble after poor tourism years. This is because the tourist industry is very delicate, and riots and war in the country makes it vey un-poplar, which leads to much less tourism.
This is the main problem throughout the 1990’s: Tourist activity was low in 1992 compared to the previous year. Hotel bed occupancy was 4.67 but a year earlier it was 5.5 million people. Then 17.4% less visitors furthered this decline in 1994. Visitors to National Parks, Game reserves, museums and other sites of interest declined in 1992 but remained unchanged in 1994.
The year 1996 saw an improvement in the level of tourist activity with visitors’ arrivals rising from 690 thousand in 1995 to 720.4 thousand in 1996. The overall earnings from tourism were Kï¿½ 1,280. The year 1997 was a poor tourism year. Tourism earnings fell sharply by 11.6 percent from Kï¿½1,280 million in 1996 to Kï¿½1,132 million in 1997. The earnings further declined by 22.7 percent to stand at Kï¿½875 million in 1998 The overall decline in earnings was mainly attributed to the fall in the number of visitors arriving and lower hotel occupancy. Visitor arrivals went down by 0.2 percent from 1,003,000 in 1996 to 1,000,6000 thousand in 1997. This figure further declined by 10.6 percent to stand at 894,300 persons in 1998. Visitor departures declined by 5.7 percent from 980.8 thousand to 924.7 thousand in 1997. By 1998, visitor departures stood at 894.3 thousand.
Visitors to parks and game reserves declined by 8.3 percent in 1997 and 20.9 percent in 1998 while visitors to museums, snake park and other historical sites also registered decline from 758.8 thousand in 1996 to 588.1 thousand in 1997. Hotel bed-nights occupied as well as available hotel capacity recorded declines of 42.7 percent and 16.2 percent respectively in 1998 as compared to 1997.
Advantages And Disadvantages of Tourism:
1. Tourism provides direct employment in hotels, bars and other tourist venues. Indirect employment is the people employed, for example, a builder to build a hotel or a farmer to harvest food for the hotel.
2. To make the country more attractive to holiday seekers many improvements have been made. These include new and better roads, railways and telephone system
3. Tourism is Kenya’s highest export earner, which helps many people live a higher standard of life.
4. Public services have also greatly improved, especially hospitals and things, which we think of as necessities but Kenyans think of as luxuries, such as electricity and running water.
5. Wildlife is protected, not only from tourists but from the Kenyans too. This has completely wiped out most forms of poaching and those caught face many years in jail, especially if the animal is endangered.
6. Halts migration as people will not won’t to move when there are plenty of jobs around.
1. It damages local environments and traditions changed so visitors can do them
2. As mentioned previously, tourism is not a stable industry.
3. Many people are employed because of the tourist industry but Kenyans normally get the low paid labour jobs like a cleaner. This has lead to social unrest in some parts of Kenya.
4. Local people can get offended at tourists behaviour.
5. Over 80% of the major holiday resorts are owned by foreigners, which means the profits leave the country and do not help Kenya in its fight against poverty.
6. Some people may loose their livelihood in tourist areas.
To make tourism worth it and more successful for Kenya without harming the country in the long-term, the tourism must be sustainable. A good way of doing this is to use Ecotourism. Ecotourism encourages people to come to Kenya to appreciate the natural environment without damaging it. Local people also get to make important decisions for themselves. Kenya must not get stuck in the trap of the tourist cycle (see below). However tourism is now spreading through the whole of Kenya and there are many concerns about the less protected areas.
The tourism needs management everywhere to enforce the regulations and keep things working the way they should be. However effective management doesn’t normally come into effect until serious damage has been done. However there is an exception – Antarctica. However it could be a while until Kenya has effective management in control. At the moment the Masai controls the laws and regulations but if the tour guides offer them a bribe, the Masai workers are likely to turn a blind eye and let the tour guide drive off road to et closer to the animals. A management scheme would prevent this from happening. Read about advantages of tourism in Mauritius
Cite this essay
Tourism in Kenya. (2020, Jun 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/tourism-in-kenya-new-essay