Titration Essay Topics

Titration of Acids and Bases

Introduction According to Arrhenius definition, acid is substance that produces H3O+ ion while base is substance that produces OH- ions. The reaction between acid and base often yields the products of salt and water. The formation of water in this neutralization reaction is caused by the combination of H3O+ and OH- ions. In order to… View Article

Determination of nickel

INTRODUCTION EDTA (H₄Y) is widely used to determine metals in complexometric (a volumetric analysis where the formation of a coloured complex is used to indicate the end point of a titration) titrations as it forms stable complexes with most metal ions. EDTA is a tetracorboxylic acid and in alkaline conditions, it exists as Y⁴⁻ ions,… View Article

Neutralization Titrations: The Determination of Soda Ash

I.Purpose: The goal of this experiment is to determine the weight % of Na2CO3 through the preparation of NaOH and HCl standards. The molarity of the standards will be found through titration of KHP for NaOH, HCl vs the known NaOH, and the unknown Soda Ash sample vs the known HCl. II.Equations and Sample Calculations:… View Article

Lab Report on Acid-Base Titration

1. Aim: To determine the weight-to-volume percent of acetic acid present in commercial vinegar and the weight-to-volume percent of ammonia present in window cleaners. Acid-base titrations can be conducted using the above samples against standardized aqueous NaOH and standardized aqueous HCl solutions respectively. 2. Introduction: Acetic acid, commonly known as ethanoic acid CH3COOH, is found… View Article

Analysis of Commercial Bleach

Introduction: Many commercial products are effective because they contain oxidizing agents. Some products that contain oxidizing agents are bleaches, hair coloring agents, scouring powders, and toilet bowl cleaners. The most common oxidizing agent in bleaches is sodium hypochlorite, NaClO (sometimes written NaOCl). Commercial bleaches are created by bubbling chlorine gas into a sodium hydroxide solution… View Article

Impure Sodium Carbonate

Introduction: To determine the total amount of carbonate in unrefined sodium carbonate, soda ash, a titration is done using a standardized solution of HCl. Aqueous HCl is a strong acid and therefore almost completely disassociates into H+ and CL-. Therefore, when HCl is used in a titration, the H+ is the titrant. Carbonate in aqueous… View Article

Prelab for Calibration of Volumetric Glassware

1). Weigh a 50 mL Erlenmeyer flask. Make sure the glassware is clean and free of any cracks or stars. Also, take note of the temperature of water, as volume varies with temperature 2). Transfer a portion of the water to flask with a pipette and record the mass of flask with the water. Use… View Article

Determine the mass of calcium carbonate in chicken eggshells

ApparatusUncertainty 25.00 cm3 pipette ± 0.03 cm3 50.00 cm3 burette ± 0.05 cm3 250.0 cm3 volumetric flask ± 0.3 cm3 50.0 cm3 measuring cylinder ± 0.5 cm3 Electronic balance± 0.01 g Uncertainty of apparatus Measurement Mass of eggshell = 3.15 ± 0.01 g Volume of HCl added = 50.00 ± 0.5 〖cm〗^3 Volume of solution… View Article