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Throughout human existence, people have wondered over the meaning of their lives. As we have learned in previous lessons, humans are a creation of God who are given the chance in the testing ground of life to accept or reject him. But who is god? What is he? How do we understand the one who has the power to create a billion galaxies with a word? People have often wondered about their Creator. Many have often even been tempted to draw fantastic pictures or make statues, claming that they were God, others have thought that there were many Gods, each with a unique power, running around in the spiritual world and meddling in the affairs of people in this world.
Each Hindu does not have to believe exactly the same things as every other Hindu. Expect that others will have some different belief. This will depend on their background on their education or what they have worked out for themselves. But there are nearly some beliefs that all Hindus accept.
Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic religion, but some Hindus world attest to this, by professing beliefs in multiple Gods. This is not the only belief some Hindus only believe in three Gods whereas some Hindus believe in thousands of Gods, some Hindus believe in the thirty-three crore which is referred to as 330 million gods. Some Hindus believe that all Hindus should only believe in one God these are the ones that are well versed in their scriptures and well educated.
One of the most basic and important belief in Islam is Tawhid, which is the belief in one God. The name of the Muslim God is Allah and it means one God. Allah cannot be divided or be split up in any way and Islam is a religion that follows strict monotheism. In the holy Qur’an there are 99 name of Allah mentioned which are name such as the merciful, the compassionate, the preserver, but there is a story that Allah has 100 name and not 99 and only the camel knows the 100th name of Allah which show that we can never ever know every thing about Allah.
One major difference between both Hindu and Muslims perception of God is the common Hindus believe in the philosophy of pantheism. Pantheism which states that everything weather living or non-living is to be divine and sacred’ as a result of this Hindus consider everything to be God for example they have monkey god or they have snake gods and even some are human gods as begins as manifestations of god.
Islam on the other hand exhorts man as thinking to consider himself and every thing else around him as divine creations rather than divinity itself. As a result Muslims believe that every thing is Gods for example the tree are Gods the sun, stars all belong to God human beings even belong to god not only that but the whole universe belongs to god.
To be a Muslim, you have to think about the vital question which is that is there or is there not a god? Is either that god exist or that he does not exist, and many people tent to pass their life’s without thinking what is the point in existing, what are the aims in life and so on. They think that there is nothing beyond the universe, and most people live there life’s in happiness until it all stops at death. Muslims believe that nothing comes in to existence with out a reason and without a creator, they believe that the prophets where given the insight from god and the guidance throughout history. Muslims urge to improve themselves and try stopping them selves from doing wrong which is all started by conscience and from all this they conclude that there is a God.
The light ” God is the light of the heavens and the earth; his light may be compared to a niche in which there is a lamp; the lamp is in a crystal; the crystal is, as it were, a glittering star kindled from a blessed olive tree neither of the east nor the west. Its oil would burst onto flames even though fire had hardly touched it; light upon light!” (Surah 24:35)
“Those who believe in the Qur’an and those who follow the Jewish scripture and the christens and the sabians and (any) who believe in god and the last day and work righteousness shall have their reward with their lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve”(surah 2:62)
“It is he who sends down blessings upon you, as do his angels, that he may bring you out of the darkness in to the light. He is full of mercy to those who believe; on the day they meet him they cry will be ‘peace’, and he and prepared fort them a generous reward” (surah 33:43-4).
If we analysis Hindu scriptures we will have better understanding of the concept of God. The first scripture is called “Bhagavad-Gita” this scripture is the most popular amongst the Hindus scriptures. Here is a verse from the Bhagavad-Gita “those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires surrender into demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship according to their own natures” (B: Gita 7:20) in this verse the Bhagavad-Gita states that the people who are materialistic they worship demigods for examples they worship ‘Gods’ instead of the True God. Here are some verses from the Upanishads, which are very scared scriptures to the Hindus. “Ekam evedvtyan” which means, “He is one only without a second” (4; 19) and here is another verse from Upanishads “Na casya Kasey janita na calhipah” which is said to be ” of him there are neither parents nor load” and lastly “na tasya pratima asti” which is said as ” there is no likeness of him”(4: 19) some of the above verses indicate to us that there are many concepts that are very similar to Islam.
Here are some verse in which allude to the inability of man to imagine God in some particular form “Na samdrse listhali rupern asya, na caksusa pasyati kas canainam” meaning that ” his form is not to be seen, no one sees him with the eye (Upanishads 4:20) so here it indicates that God is every where but can be seen by the naked eye.
Another scripture which is called Yajurveda which echo’s a similar concept of god the first one “na tasya pratima asti” in other words ” there is no image of him” and secondly “Andahatama pravishanti ye asambhuti mupaste” in other words “they enter darkness, those who worship the natural elements”(air, water, fire etc…) “they sink deeper in darkness, those who worship sambhuti” sambhuti meaning things which have been created for example tables, chairs, idols and other man made elements”.
But the most important scripture for the Hindus is the Bhagavad-Gita is it’s the Gita that sums up the beliefs of Hinduism. Its message is that you will only be satisfied with your life if you do your duty with an attitude of loving service to God, but for many Hindus, it is their favourite holy book. The Hindu leader Mahatma Gandhi him self once wrote: “when doubts haunt me, when disappointment stare me in the face, and when I see not one ray of light on the horizon, I turn to the Bhagavad-Gita and find a verse to comfort me. I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow.
My life has been full of tragedies. If they have not left any visible effect on me, I owe it to the teaching of the Bhagavad-Gita”.
In one of the Hindus scriptures which is called Upanishads and its states that all humans are a part of God in some way or another this belief is called Brahman and is described in the Upanishads as ” you are woman. You are man. You are the dark-blue bee and the green parrot with the red eyes. The lightning is your child. You are the seasons of the year and the sea. You are part of everything. You are everywhere. Everywhere that is, is born of you” This part of the Brahman, which is humans, and in all living things is called the ‘Atman- the internal soul’ and deep down we are all part of God and here are two explanations that are in the Upanishads: the first “The soul is the real you. The body is like a car that you’re driving for a particular life”, and the second is that “the body is like a bag. It’s a bag full of blood and bones and organs.
It’s not as important as the soul”. But remember that when the body dies, the soul moves to live in another body it may not be a human body. This change is called samsara or reincarnation, an its happens many times, but we do not usually remember our other lives. When Hindus greet each other they say ‘Namaste’ meaning “I bow to you in respect”, so something of God lives in everyone. The Upanishads declare ‘Tat tvam asi’ or ‘you are that’. Each soul is a tiny part of God, and who is great. We are the soul within, and that’s why Hindus bow to meets each other and meet their hands in respect. Here is a verse from the Upanishads and tell us why we must show every thing love ” a wife loves her husband not for his own sake…but because the atman lives in him…. children are loved not for their own sakes, but because the atman lives in them…”
Even at birth and at death the Tawhid, which is the declaration of Islam, is called, it should be the first and last words a Muslims hears. The tawhid, which is the belief in one God, it is not only called at birth and death it is also call to prayers, the Adhan this also has the same theme as the first of the five pillar of Islam which is called the Shahadah which is “la ilaha illal lahu muhammadur rasulul lah” in translation “there is no God but Allah, Muhammad (pbuh) is the messenger of Allah”.
In our modern world we have some people that do not wont to believe in the existence of God or gods, whereas most religious people, believe in the creator is the starting point of their faith. People tent to wonder and ask some questions, questions such as, ‘How did the world begin?’ ‘Why are we here?’ ‘What is life about? Science provides some answers, but these ultimate questions provoke religious responses just as they have continues to do so throughout human history. Nowadays, people realise that you cant expect to prove beliefs in ways which you might check a mathematics fact or a scientific formula.
Muslims believe that Allah is the designer and creator of the universe. Not only is Allah the creator but the sole creator. Allah has no partners and he has no sons. The idea of ‘Tawhid’, the oneness and unity of Allah is very important to Muslims and was a significant part of the message from Muhammad (pbuh). Muslims also believe that Allah is not only the creator but also sustainer of the universe and keeps it going, Allah did not just make the universe and ignore it, he rules and controls everything. For all those who believe in the existence of a creator God, it is natural to wonder about the character or the nature of God. If there is a God – one God, who created the universe – what is this one God like? Is God a tyrant? Is God a bully? Muslims believe that God is compassionate which is one of Allah’s 99 names and to be compassionate is to be kind and merciful, but also to be just and fair. This is why Muslim they do not put up statues or they no don’t make pictures that they think represent God, this is to avoid the danger of idolatry and because Allah is far beyond human imagination and cant be compared to anything or anyone else. As it is a verse from the holy Qur’an “no vision can grasp Him, but His is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all thing” (Surah 6:103). He is seen as the creator of all things, thing such as the universe the sky the stars he is all-powerful and he is all-knowing. Allah is eternal which means he was never born or will never die he is every lasting. “Say he is Allah the one. Allah is eternal and absolute. None is born of him, nor is he born, and there is none like him”(surah 112)
As I am a Muslim my self I think that God is one he is all-powerful and all loving he is the creator of everything including the stars the sun the seas and even the entire universe is created by him. I do not question about Allah and how he created everything I just expect it as my belief and the holy Qur’an is the true and pure book as the guidance of Islam it had never been changed as it has been pasted down the centuries which itself is seen as a miracle. There can never be anyone or anything like Allah he is the only one for ever he was never born and will never die he has no sons or has no partners. All has give me this live as a test and if I past this test I will then go to heaven, my life on earth a temporary life and my real life is the life here after which is the life after death.
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